SSH, or secure shell, is a secure protocol and the most common way of safely administering remote servers. Using a number of encryption technologies, SSH provides a mechanism for establishing a cryptographically secured connection between two parties, authenticating each side to the other, and passing commands and output back and forth. SSH supports different key exchange algorithms, ciphers and message authentication codes. The server and the client choose a set of algorithms supported by both, then proceed with the key exchange. Some of the supported algorithms are not so great and should be disabled completely. SSH_scan is a standalone open source scanner for auditing configuration and policy settings of SSH server configurations.
ssh_scanat an SSH service and get a JSON report of what it supports and its policy status.
To install and run as a gem, type:
gem install ssh_scan ssh_scan
To run from a docker container, type:
docker pull mozilla/ssh_scan docker run -it mozilla/ssh_scan /app/bin/ssh_scan -t github.com
To install and run from source, type:
# clone repo git clone https://github.com/mozilla/ssh_scan.git cd ssh_scan # install rvm, # you might have to provide root to install missing packages gpg2 --keyserver hkp://keys.gnupg.net --recv-keys 409B6B1796C275462A1703113804BB82D39DC0E3 curl -sSL https://get.rvm.io | bash -s stable # install Ruby 2.3.1 with rvm, # again, you might have to install missing devel packages rvm install 2.3.1 rvm use 2.3.1 # resolve dependencies gem install bundler bundle install ./bin/ssh_scan
Run ssh_scan -h to get this
ssh_scan v0.0.17 (https://github.com/mozilla/ssh_scan) Usage: ssh_scan [options] -t, --target [IP/Range/Hostname] IP/Ranges/Hostname to scan -f, --file [FilePath] File Path of the file containing IP/Range/Hostnames to scan -T, --timeout [seconds] Timeout per connect after which ssh_scan gives up on the host -L, --logger [Log File Path] Enable logger -O, --from_json [FilePath] File to read JSON output from -o, --output [FilePath] File to write JSON output to -p, --port [PORT] Port (Default: 22) -P, --policy [FILE] Custom policy file (Default: Mozilla Modern) --threads [NUMBER] Number of worker threads (Default: 5) --fingerprint-db [FILE] File location of fingerprint database (Default: ./fingerprints.db) --suppress-update-status Do not check for updates -u, --unit-test [FILE] Throw appropriate exit codes based on compliance status -V [STD_LOGGING_LEVEL], --verbosity -v, --version Display just version info -h, --help Show this message Examples: ssh_scan -t 192.168.1.1 ssh_scan -t server.example.com ssh_scan -t ::1 ssh_scan -t ::1 -T 5 ssh_scan -f hosts.txt ssh_scan -o output.json ssh_scan -O output.json -o rescan_output.json ssh_scan -t 192.168.1.1 -p 22222 ssh_scan -t 192.168.1.1 -p 22222 -L output.log -V INFO ssh_scan -t 192.168.1.1 -P custom_policy.yml ssh_scan -t 192.168.1.1 --unit-test -P custom_policy.yml