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K
icsIndustrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response TeamICSA-23-264-05
HistorySep 21, 2023 - 12:00 p.m.

Rockwell Automation Connected Components Workbench

2023-09-2112:00:00
Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team
www.cisa.gov
15
rockwell automation
connected components workbench
heap corruption
remote exploitation
html page
vulnerability
cve
cvss
cefsharp
google chrome

CVSS2

6.8

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

MEDIUM

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

PARTIAL

Integrity Impact

PARTIAL

Availability Impact

PARTIAL

AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P

CVSS3

9.6

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

NONE

User Interaction

REQUIRED

Scope

CHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H

EPSS

0.805

Percentile

98.3%

View CSAF

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • CVSS v3 9.6 *ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity/public exploits are available/known public exploitation
  • Vendor: Rockwell Automation
  • Equipment: Connected Components Workbench
  • Vulnerabilities: Use After Free, Out-of-bounds Write

2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow an attacker to exploit heap corruption via a crafted HTML.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS

3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following versions of Rockwell Automation Connected Components Workbench Smart Security Manager are affected:

  • Connected Components Workbench: versions prior to R21

3.2 Vulnerability Overview

3.2.1 USE AFTER FREE CWE-416

Connected Components Workbench utilizes CefSharp version 81.3.100 that contains a use after free vulnerability in Google Chrome versions before 86.0.4240.198. If exploited, a remote threat actor could potentially perform a sandbox escape via a crafted HTML page.

CVE-2020-16017 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.6 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.2 USE AFTER FREE CWE-416

Connected Components Workbench utilizes CefSharp version 81.3.100 that contains a use after free vulnerability in Animation within Google Chrome before 98.0.4758.102. This vulnerability could potentially allow a remote threat actor to exploit heap corruption via a crafted HTML page.

CVE-2022-0609 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.3 OUT-OF-BOUNDS WRITE CWE-787

Connected Components Workbench utilizes CefSharp version 81.3.100 that contains an inappropriate implementation in V8 of Google Chrome before 86.0.4240.18. This vulnerability allows a remote threat actor to potentially exploit heap corruption via a crafted HTML page.

CVE-2020-16009 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.4 OUT-OF-BOUNDS WRITE CWE-787

Connected Components Workbench utilizes CefSharp version 81.3.100 that contains an inappropriate implementation in V8 of Google Chrome before 86.0.4240.198. This vulnerability allows a remote threat actor to potentially exploit heap corruption via a crafted HTML page.

CVE-2020-16013 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.5 OUT-OF-BOUNDS WRITE CWE-787

Connected Components Workbench utilizes CefSharp version 81.3.100 that contains a heap buffer overflow vulnerability in Freetype within Google Chrome before 86.0.4240.111. This vulnerability could allow a remote threat actor to potentially exploit heap corruption via a crafted HTML page.

CVE-2020-15999 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.3 BACKGROUND

  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Multiple
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: United States

3.4 RESEARCHER

Rockwell Automation reported these vulnerabilities to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

Rockwell Automation recommends users to update to R21 and later.

Users with the affected software are encouraged to apply the risk mitigations, if possible.

Additionally, Rockwell Automation encourages users to implement their suggested security best practices to minimize the risk of vulnerability.

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities, such as:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, ensuring they are not accessible from the internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolating them from business networks.
  • When remote access is required, use more secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

CISA encourages organizations to implement recommended cybersecurity strategies for proactive defense of ICS assets.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B–Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

CISA also recommends users take the following measures to protect themselves from social engineering attacks:

5. UPDATE HISTORY

  • September 21, 2023: Initial Publication

References

CVSS2

6.8

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

MEDIUM

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

PARTIAL

Integrity Impact

PARTIAL

Availability Impact

PARTIAL

AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P

CVSS3

9.6

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

NONE

User Interaction

REQUIRED

Scope

CHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H

EPSS

0.805

Percentile

98.3%