Lucene search

K
icsIndustrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response TeamICSA-19-092-01
HistoryApr 02, 2019 - 12:00 p.m.

Advantech WebAccess/SCADA

2019-04-0212:00:00
Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team
www.cisa.gov
38

CVSS2

7.5

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

PARTIAL

Integrity Impact

PARTIAL

Availability Impact

PARTIAL

AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P

CVSS3

9.8

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

NONE

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

AI Score

10

Confidence

High

EPSS

0.044

Percentile

92.4%

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • CVSS v3 9.8

  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low skill level to exploit

  • **Vendor:**Advantech

  • **Equipment:**WebAccess/SCADA

  • Vulnerabilities: Command Injection, Stack-based Buffer Overflow, Improper Access Control

2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities may cause a denial of service and allow remote code execution.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS

3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following versions of WebAccess/SCADA, a SCADA software platform, are affected:

  • WebAccess/SCADA Versions 8.3.5 and prior.

3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW

3.2.1 IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN A COMMAND (‘COMMAND INJECTION’) CWE-77

Multiple command injection vulnerabilities, caused by a lack of proper validation of user-supplied data, may allow remote code execution.

CVE-2019-6552 has been assigned to these vulnerabilities. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H)

3.2.2 STACK-BASED BUFFER OVERFLOW CWE-121

Multiple stack-based buffer overflow vulnerabilities, caused by a lack of proper validation of the length of user-supplied data, may allow remote code execution.

CVE-2019-6550 has been assigned to these vulnerabilities. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.3 IMPROPER ACCESS CONTROL CWE-284

An improper access control vulnerability may allow an attacker to cause a denial-of-service condition.

CVE-2019-6554 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H)

3.3 BACKGROUND

  • **CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS:**Critical Manufacturing, Energy, Water and Wastewater Systems
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: East Asia, United States, and Europe
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Taiwan

3.4 RESEARCHER

Mat Powell and Natnael Samson (@NattiSamson) working with Trend Micro’s Zero Day Initiative (ZDI) reported these vulnerabilities to NCCIC.

4. MITIGATIONS

Advantech has released Version 8.4.0 of WebAccess/SCADA to address the reported vulnerabilities. Users can download the latest version of WebAccess/SCADA at the following location (registration required):

https://support.advantech.com/support/DownloadSRDetail_New.aspx?SR_ID=1-MS9MJV&Doc_Source=Download

NCCIC recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability. Specifically, users should:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
  • When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

NCCIC reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

NCCIC also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS-CERT web page. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS-CERT website in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B–Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to NCCIC for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities.

References

CVSS2

7.5

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

PARTIAL

Integrity Impact

PARTIAL

Availability Impact

PARTIAL

AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P

CVSS3

9.8

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

NONE

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

AI Score

10

Confidence

High

EPSS

0.044

Percentile

92.4%