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K
icsIndustrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response TeamICSA-19-017-02
HistoryJan 17, 2019 - 12:00 p.m.

ABB CP400 Panel Builder TextEditor 2.0

2019-01-1712:00:00
Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team
www.cisa.gov
62

CVSS2

6.8

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

MEDIUM

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

PARTIAL

Integrity Impact

PARTIAL

Availability Impact

PARTIAL

AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P

CVSS3

7.8

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

NONE

User Interaction

REQUIRED

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

AI Score

8.1

Confidence

High

EPSS

0.001

Percentile

40.9%

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • CVSS v7.0

  • **Vendor:**ABB

  • Equipment: CP400 Panel Builder TextEditor 2.0

  • Vulnerability: Improper Input Validation

2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code, and cause a denial-of-service condition within the Text Editor application.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS

3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following versions of the CP400PB, a Control Panel Software Suite, are affected:

  • CP400PB, Panel Builder for CP405 and CP408, Versions 2.0.7.05 and prior.

3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW

3.2.1 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

The application contains a vulnerability in the file parser of the Text Editor wherein the application doesnโ€™t properly prevent the insertion of specially crafted files.

CVE-2018-19008 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.0 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:L/AC:H/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.3 BACKGROUND

  • **CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS:**Chemical, Critical Manufacturing, Dams, Energy, Food and Agriculture, Water and Wastewater
  • **COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED:**Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Switzerland

3.4 RESEARCHER

Ivan Sanchez of NullCode reported this vulnerability to NCCIC.

4. MITIGATIONS

ABB recommends users of affected Versions 2.0.7.05 and prior update to the latest Version 2.1.7.21, which can be requested at the following location:

<https://new.abb.com/products/ABB1SAP500400R0001&gt;

For additional information, see the ABB advisory ABBVU-IACT-3BSE091042 at the following location:

SECURITY - CP400 Panel Builder TextEditor 2.0, Improper input validation vulnerability ABBVU-IACT-3BSE091042

ABB also recommends the following security practices and firewall configurations to protect process control networks from attacks that originate from outside the network:

  • Conduct or reinforce cybersecurity awareness training for users.
  • Follow general cybersecurity best practice recommendations for industrial control systems.
  • Be aware that it is possible to infect Panel Builder files with malware.
  • Be careful with files that are received unexpectedly and/or from unexpected sources.
  • Carefully inspect any files transferred between computers, scan them with up-to-date antivirus software, so that only legitimate files are transferred.
  • Manage user accounts following the principle of least privilege.

More information on recommended practices can be found in ABBโ€™s Security for Industrial Automation and Control Systems paper - 3BSE032547.

NCCIC recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability. Specifically, users should:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
  • When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

NCCIC reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

NCCIC also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS-CERT web page. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS-CERT website in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01Bโ€“Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to NCCIC for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

NCCIC also recommends that users take the following measures to protect themselves from social engineering attacks:

  • Do not click web links or open unsolicited attachments in email messages.
  • Refer to Recognizing and Avoiding Email Scams for more information on avoiding email scams.
  • Refer to Avoiding Social Engineering and Phishing Attacks for more information on social engineering attacks.

No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability. This vulnerability is not exploitable remotely. High skill level is needed to exploit.

References

CVSS2

6.8

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

MEDIUM

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

PARTIAL

Integrity Impact

PARTIAL

Availability Impact

PARTIAL

AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P

CVSS3

7.8

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

NONE

User Interaction

REQUIRED

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

AI Score

8.1

Confidence

High

EPSS

0.001

Percentile

40.9%

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