ATTENTION: Remotely exploitable/low skill level to exploit.
Equipment: PI Web API 2017
Vulnerability: Cross-Site Request Forgery
OSIsoft reports that the vulnerability affects the following PI Web API products:
Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may allow an attacker to access the PI System with the privileges of a legitimate client user. PI System data alteration is possible if the client user has sufficient access to write data.
OSIsoft recommends that users upgrade to the PI Web API version 2017 (1.9.0) and enable CSRF defense. To enable this option, set the configuration attribute ‘EnableCSRFDefense’ to ‘True’ in the PI Web API System Configuration element. This element is located at the path "..\OSIsoft\PI Web API\PIWebAPIMachineName\System Configuration" in PI AF Server Configuration database.
A new installation of PI Web API 2017 (1.9.0) enables CSRF protection by default.
Please see alert AL00316 on the OSIsoft web page for more information about this issue:
NCCIC/ICS-CERT recommends that users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability. Specifically, users should:
ICS-CERT reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
ICS-CERT also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS-CERT web page. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available in the ICS‑CERT Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies, that is available for download from the ICS-CERT web site.
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to ICS-CERT for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability.
The vulnerability allows cross-site request forgery (CSRF) attacks to occur when an otherwise-unauthorized cross-site request is sent from a browser the server has previously authenticated.
These issues were found by OSIsoft and reported once they had prepared an upgrade to fix them.
Critical Infrastructure Sectors: Multiple Sectors
Countries/Areas Deployed: Worldwide
Company Headquarters Location: United States
For any questions related to this report, please contact the CISA at:
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870
For industrial control systems cybersecurity information: https://www.us-cert.gov/ics
or incident reporting: https://www.us-cert.gov/report
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