Lucene search

K
ibmIBM8629A4ADAFCB95D5120D30DB27A7FEE450956908C79505EDF721F7E19CC8A212
HistoryMay 26, 2022 - 12:33 p.m.

Security Bulletin: Publicly disclosed vulnerability from Kernel affects IBM Netezza Host Management

2022-05-2612:33:32
www.ibm.com
34

7.8 High

CVSS3

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

LOW

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

0.001 Low

EPSS

Percentile

31.3%

Summary

Kernel is used by IBM Netezza Host Management. This bulletin provides mitigation for the reported CVE.

Vulnerability Details

CVEID:CVE-2022-22942
**DESCRIPTION:**Linux Kernel could allow a local authenticated attacker to obtain sensitive information, caused by improper file descriptor handling in the vmwgfx driver. By sending a specially-crafted ioctl call, an attacker could exploit this vulnerability to gain access to files opened by other processes on the system, and use this information to launch further attacks against the affected system.
CVSS Base score: 5.5
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/218323 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N)

Affected Products and Versions

Affected Product(s) Version(s)
IBM Netezza Host Management All IBM Netezza Host Management starting 5.4.9.0

Remediation/Fixes

None

Workarounds and Mitigations

Mitigation of the reported CVE : CVE-2022-22942, blacklisting kernel modulevmwgfx to prevent it from loading automatically on PureData System for Analytics N200x and N3001 is as follows:

1. Change to user nz:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# su – nz

2. Check to see if Call Home is enabled:
[nz@nzhost1 ~]$ nzcallhome -status
If enabled, disable it:
[nz@nzhost1 ~]$ nzcallhome –off
Note: Ensure that nzcallhome returns status as disabled. If there are errors in the callHome.txt configuration file, errors are listed in the output, and call-Home is disabled.

3. Check the state of the Netezza system:
[nz@nzhost1 ~]$ nzstate

4. If the system state is online, stop the system using the command:
[nz@nzhost1 ~]$ nzstop

5. Wait for the system to stop, using the command:
[nz@nzhos1t ~]$ nzstate
System state is ‘Stopped’.

6. Exit from the nz session to return to user root:
[nz@nzhost1 ~]$ exit

7. Logged into the active host as root, type the following commands to stop the heartbeat processes:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# ssh ha2 /sbin/service heartbeat stop
[root@nzhost1 ~]# /sbin/service heartbeat stop

8. Run below commands as a root user to disable heartbeat from startup:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# ssh ha2 /sbin/chkconfig heartbeat off
[root@nzhost1 ~]# /sbin/chkconfig heartbeat off

9. Type the following commands to stop the DRBD processes:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# ssh ha2 /sbin/service drbd stop
[root@nzhost1 ~]# /sbin/service drbd stop

10. Run below commands as a root user to disable drbd from startup:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# ssh ha2 /sbin/chkconfig drbd off
[root@nzhost1 ~]# /sbin/chkconfig drbd off

Execute below steps using “root” user on both ha1/ha2 hosts

Step 1: Check if vmwgfx is loaded in the hosts

lsmod | grep vmwgfx

example:
[root@ nzhost1 ~]# lsmod | grep vmwgfx
vmwgfx 226932 0
ttm 89568 1 vmwgfx
drm_kms_helper 127731 1 vmwgfx
drm 355270 3 vmwgfx,ttm,drm_kms_helper

Note: No output onStep 1for any module indicates, that module is not loaded hence skipStep 2 for that module, and proceed with Step 3

Step 2: Unload vmwgfx module

modprobe -rv vmwgfx

example:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# modprobe -rv vmwgfx
rmmod /lib/modules/2.6.32-754.41.2.el6.x86_64/kernel/drivers/gpu/drm/vmwgfx/vmwgfx.ko
rmmod /lib/modules/2.6.32-754.41.2.el6.x86_64/kernel/drivers/gpu/drm/ttm/ttm.ko
rmmod /lib/modules/2.6.32-754.41.2.el6.x86_64/kernel/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_kms_helper.ko
rmmod /lib/modules/2.6.32-754.41.2.el6.x86_64/kernel/drivers/gpu/drm/drm.ko

Kernel module vmwgfx and its dependent modules will be unloaded in the reverse order that they are loaded, given that no processes depend on any of the modules being unloaded.

Step 3: To prevent a module from being loaded directly you add the blacklist line to a configuration file specific to the system configuration.

echo “blacklist vmwgfx” >> /etc/modprobe.d/local-blacklist.conf

example :
[root@nzhost1 ~]# echo “blacklist vmwgfx” >> /etc/modprobe.d/local-blacklist.conf
[root@nzhost1 ~]# cat /etc/modprobe.d/local-blacklist.conf | grep vmwgfx
blacklist vmwgfx

Step 4: Kernel modules can be loaded directly or loaded as a dependency from another module
To prevent installation as a dependency from another module follow below step:

echo “install vmwgfx /bin/false” >> /etc/modprobe.d/local-blacklist.conf

example:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# echo “install vmwgfx /bin/false” >> /etc/modprobe.d/local-blacklist.conf
[root@nzhost1 ~]# cat /etc/modprobe.d/local-blacklist.conf | grep vmwgfx
blacklist vmwgfx
install vmwgfx /bin/false

The install line simply causes /bin/false to be run instead of installing a module.

Step 5: Make a backup copy of your initramfs.

cp /boot/initramfs-$(uname -r).img /boot/initramfs-$(uname -r).img.$(date +%m-%d-%H%M%S).bak

Example:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# cp /boot/initramfs-$(uname -r).img /boot/initramfs-$(uname -r).img.$(date +%m-%d-%H%M%S).bak
[root@nzhost1 ~]# uname -r
2.6.32-754.47.1.el6.x86_64
[root@nzhost1 ~]# ll /boot/initramfs-2.6.32-754.41.2.el6.x86_64.img.05-26-001849.bak
-rw------- 1 root root 22287172 May 26 00:18 /boot/initramfs-2.6.32-754.41.2.el6.x86_64.img.05-26-001849.bak

Step 6: If the kernel module is part of the initramfs (boot configuration), rebuild your initial ramdisk image, omitting the module to be avoided

dracut --omit-drivers vmwgfx -f

example:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# dracut --omit-drivers vmwgfx -f
[root@nzhost1 ~]# lsinitrd /boot/initramfs-2.6.32-754.41.2.el6.x86_64.img | grep vmwgfx

Step 7: Append module_name.blacklist to the kernel cmdline. We give it an invalid parameter of blacklist and set it to 1 as a way to preclude the kernel from loading it.

sed --follow-symlinks -i ‘/\s*kernel /vmlinuz/s/$/ vmwgfx.blacklist=1/’ /etc/grub.conf

example :
[root@nzhost1 ~]# sed --follow-symlinks -i ‘/\s*kernel /vmlinuz/s/$/ vmwgfx.blacklist=1/’ /boot/grub/grub.conf

Step 8: Blacklist the kernel module in kdump’s configuration file.

echo “blacklist vmwgfx” >> /etc/kdump.conf

example:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# echo “blacklist vmwgfx” >> /etc/kdump.conf
[root@nzhost1 ~]# cat /etc/kdump.conf | grep vmwgfx
blacklist vmwgfx

Note: PerformStep 9if kexec-tools is installed and kdump is configured else continue withStep 10.
Perform below commands to check if kexec-tools is installed and Kdump is operational
[root@nzhost1 ~]# rpm -qa | grep kexec-tools
[root@nzhost1 ~]# service kdump status

Step 9: Restart the kdump service to pick up the changes to kdump’s initrd.

service kdump restart

example:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# service kdump restart
Stopping kdump: [ OK ]
Detected change(s) the following file(s):

/etc/kdump.conf
Rebuilding /boot/initramfs-2.6.32-754.41.2.el6.x86_64kdump.img
Starting kdump: [ OK ]

Step 10: Reboot the system at a convenient time to have the changes take effect.
Make sure the secondary host is up by pinging or logging in before rebooting the primary host.

/sbin/shutdown -r now

example:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# /sbin/shutdown -r now
Make sure the primary server comes up and is reachable before performing Mitigation steps on the secondary server.

After applying the mitigation:

1. Start the services using following:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# service heartbeat start
[root@nzhost1 ~]# ssh ha2 service heartbeat start
[root@nzhost1 ~]# service drbd start
[root@nzhost1 ~]#** ssh ha2 service drbd start**

2. Check the stat of the system. Type:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# crm_mon -i5

Result: When the cluster manager comes up and is ready, status appears as follows.
Make sure that nzinit has started before you proceed. (This could take a few minutes.)
Node: nps61074 (e890696b-ab7b-42c0-9e91-4c1cdacbe3f9): online
Node: nps61068 (72043b2e-9217-4666-be6f-79923aef2958): online
Resource Group: nps
drbd_exphome_device(heartbeat:drbddisk): Started nps61074
drbd_nz_device(heartbeat:drbddisk): Started nps61074
exphome_filesystem(heartbeat::ocf:Filesystem): Started nps61074
nz_filesystem (heartbeat::ocf:Filesystem): Started nps61074
fabric_ip (heartbeat::ocf:IPaddr): Started nps61074
wall_ip (heartbeat::ocf:IPaddr): Started nps61074
nzinit (lsb:nzinit): Started nps61074
fencing_route_to_ha1(stonith:apcmaster): Started nps61074
fencing_route_to_ha2(stonith:apcmaster): Started nps61068

3. From host 1 (ha1), press Ctrl+C to break out of crm_mon.

4. Turn on heartbeat and DRBD using the chkconfig:
ssh ha2 /sbin/chkconfig drbd on ** /sbin/chkconfig drbd on** ** ssh ha2 /sbin/chkconfig heartbeat on** ** /sbin/chkconfig heartbeat on**

Affected configurations

Vulners
Node
ibmnetezzaMatchany
CPENameOperatorVersion
ibm netezza host managementeqany

7.8 High

CVSS3

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

LOW

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

0.001 Low

EPSS

Percentile

31.3%