Lucene search

K
ibmIBM41CD314F34CC21D5DF000017FEA2274687041AD7C28B5D88AAAF2CE43C5EF417
HistoryJul 21, 2021 - 6:08 p.m.

Security Bulletin: Publicly disclosed vulnerabilities from Kernel affect IBM Netezza Host Management

2021-07-2118:08:24
www.ibm.com
16

5.5 Medium

CVSS3

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

LOW

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

NONE

Integrity Impact

NONE

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H

4.9 Medium

CVSS2

Access Vector

LOCAL

Access Complexity

LOW

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

NONE

Integrity Impact

NONE

Availability Impact

COMPLETE

AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:N/I:N/A:C

0.0004 Low

EPSS

Percentile

14.2%

Summary

Kernel is used by IBM Netezza Host Management. This bulletin provides mitigation for the reported CVEs

Vulnerability Details

CVEID:CVE-2021-28950
**DESCRIPTION:**Linux Kernel is vulnerable to a denial of service, caused by an issue when a retry loop continually finds the same bad inode in fs/fuse/fuse_i.h. By sending a specially-crafted request, a local attacker could exploit this vulnerability to cause a stall on CPU.
CVSS Base score: 6.2
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/198505 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H)

CVEID:CVE-2020-36322
**DESCRIPTION:**Linux Kernel is vulnerable to a denial of service, caused by a flaw in the fuse_do_getattr function in the FUSE filesystem implementation in . By sending a specially-crafted request, a local attacker could exploit this vulnerability to cause the system to crash.
CVSS Base score: 6.2
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/200230 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H)

Affected Products and Versions

Affected Product(s) Version(s)
IBM Netezza Host Management All IBM Netezza Host Management starting 5.4.9.0

Remediation/Fixes

None

Workarounds and Mitigations

Mitigation of the reported CVEs : CVE-2021-28950, CVE-2020-36322 blocklisting kernel moduleFUSE to prevent it from loading automatically on PureData System for Analytics N200x and N3001 is as follows:

1. Change to user nz:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# su – nz

2. Check to see if Call Home is enabled:
[nz@nzhost1 ~]$ nzcallhome -status
If enabled, disable it:
[nz@nzhost1 ~]$ nzcallhome –off Note: Ensure that nzcallhome returns status as disabled. If there are errors in the callHome.txt configuration file, errors are listed in the output, and call-Home is disabled.

3. Check the state of the Netezza system:
[nz@nzhost1 ~]$ nzstate

4. If the system state is online, stop the system using the command:
[nz@nzhost1 ~]$ nzstop

5. Wait for the system to stop, using the command:
[nz@nzhos1t ~]$ nzstate
System state is ‘Stopped’.

6. Exit from the nz session to return to user root:
[nz@nzhost1 ~]$ exit

7. Logged into the active host as root, type the following commands to stop the heartbeat processes:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# ssh ha2 /sbin/service heartbeat stop
[root@nzhost1 ~]# /sbin/service heartbeat stop

8. Run below commands as a root user to disable heartbeat from startup:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# ssh ha2 /sbin/chkconfig heartbeat off
[root@nzhost1 ~]# /sbin/chkconfig heartbeat off

9. Type the following commands to stop the DRBD processes:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# ssh ha2 /sbin/service drbd stop
[root@nzhost1 ~]# /sbin/service drbd stop

10. Run below commands as a root user to disable drbd from startup:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# ssh ha2 /sbin/chkconfig drbd off
[root@nzhost1 ~]# /sbin/chkconfig drbd off

Execute below steps using “root” user on both ha1/ha2 hosts

Step 1: Check if fuse is loaded in the hosts

lsmod | grep fuse

example:
[root@ nzhost1 ~]# lsmod | grep fuse
fuse 80180 0

Note: If there is no output skip Step 2, and proceed with Step 3

Step 2: Unload fuse module

modprobe -rv fuse

example:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# modprobe -rv fuse
rmmod /lib/modules/2.6.32-754.35.1.el6.x86_64/kernel/fs/fuse/fuse.ko

Kernel module fuse and its dependent modules will be unloaded in the reverse order that they are loaded, given that no processes depend on any of the modules being unloaded.

Step 3: To prevent a module from being loaded directly you add the blocklist line to a configuration file specific to the system configuration.

echo “blocklist fuse” >> /etc/modprobe.d/local-blocklist.conf

example :
[root@nzhost1 ~]# echo “blocklist fuse” >> /etc/modprobe.d/local-blocklist.conf
[root@nzhost1 ~]# cat /etc/modprobe.d/local-blocklist.conf | grep fuse
blocklist fuse

Step 4: Kernel modules can be loaded directly or loaded as a dependency from another module
To prevent installation as a dependency from another module follow below step:

echo “install fuse /bin/false” >> /etc/modprobe.d/local-blocklist.conf

example:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# echo “install fuse /bin/false” >> /etc/modprobe.d/local-blocklist.conf
[root@nzhost1 ~]# cat /etc/modprobe.d/local-blocklist.conf | grep fuse
blocklist fuse
install fuse /bin/false

The install line simply causes /bin/false to be run instead of installing a module.

Step 5: Make a backup copy of your initramfs.

cp /boot/initramfs-$(uname -r).img /boot/initramfs-$(uname -r).img.$(date +%m-%d-%H%M%S).bak

Example:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# cp /boot/initramfs-$(uname -r).img /boot/initramfs-$(uname -r).img.$(date +%m-%d-%H%M%S).bak
[root@nzhost1 ~]# uname -r
2.6.32-754.35.1.el6.x86_64
[root@nzhost1 ~]# ll /boot/initramfs-2.6.32-754.35.1.el6.x86_64.img.07-19-052110.bak
-rw------- 1 root root 22622596 Jul 19 05:21 /boot/initramfs-2.6.32-754.35.1.el6.x86_64.img.07-19-052110.bak

Step 6: If the kernel module is part of the initramfs (boot configuration), rebuild your initial ramdisk image, omitting the module to be avoided

dracut --omit-drivers fuse -f

example:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# dracut --omit-drivers fuse -f
[root@nzhost1 ~]# lsinitrd /boot/initramfs-2.6.32-754.35.1.el6.x86_64.img | grep fuse

Step 7: Append module_name.blocklist to the kernel cmdline. We give it an invalid parameter of blocklist and set it to 1 as a way to preclude the kernel from loading it.

sed --follow-symlinks -i ‘/\s*kernel /vmlinuz/s/$/ fuse.blocklist=1/’ /etc/grub.conf

example :
[root@nzhost1 ~]# sed --follow-symlinks -i ‘/\s*kernel /vmlinuz/s/$/ fuse.blocklist=1/’ /boot/grub/grub.conf

Step 8: blocklist the kernel module in kdump’s configuration file.

echo “blocklist fuse” >> /etc/kdump.conf

example:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# echo “blocklist fuse” >> /etc/kdump.conf
[root@nzhost1 ~]# cat /etc/kdump.conf | grep fuse
blocklist fuse

Note: Perform Step 9 if kexec-tools is installed and kdump is configured else continue with Step 10.
Perform below commands to check if kexec-tools is installed and Kdump is operational
[root@nzhost1 ~]# rpm -qa | grep kexec-tools
[root@nzhost1 ~]# service kdump status

Step 9: Restart the kdump service to pick up the changes to kdump’s initrd.

service kdump restart

example:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# service kdump restart
Stopping kdump: [ OK ]
Detected change(s) the following file(s):

/etc/kdump.conf
Rebuilding /boot/initrd-2.6.32-754.35.1.el6.x86_64kdump.img
Starting kdump: [ OK ]

Step 10: Reboot the system at a convenient time to have the changes take effect.
Make sure the secondary host is up by pinging or logging in before rebooting the primary host.

/sbin/shutdown -r now

example:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# /sbin/shutdown -r now
Make sure the primary server comes up and is reachable before performing Mitigation steps on the secondary server.

After applying the mitigation:

1. Start the services using following:
[root@nzhost1 ~]#** service heartbeat start**
[root@nzhost1 ~]#** ssh ha2 service heartbeat start**
[root@nzhost1 ~]# service drbd start
[root@nzhost1 ~]# ssh ha2 service drbd start

2. Check the stat of the system. Type:
[root@nzhost1 ~]# crm_mon -i5

Result: When the cluster manager comes up and is ready, status appears as follows.
Make sure that nzinit has started before you proceed. (This could take a few minutes.)
Node: nps61074 (e890696b-ab7b-42c0-9e91-4c1cdacbe3f9): online
Node: nps61068 (72043b2e-9217-4666-be6f-79923aef2958): online
Resource Group: nps
drbd_exphome_device(heartbeat:drbddisk): Started nps61074
drbd_nz_device(heartbeat:drbddisk): Started nps61074
exphome_filesystem(heartbeat::ocf:Filesystem): Started nps61074
nz_filesystem (heartbeat::ocf:Filesystem): Started nps61074
fabric_ip (heartbeat::ocf:IPaddr): Started nps61074
wall_ip (heartbeat::ocf:IPaddr): Started nps61074
nzinit (lsb:nzinit): Started nps61074
fencing_route_to_ha1(stonith:apcmaster): Started nps61074
fencing_route_to_ha2(stonith:apcmaster): Started nps61068

3. From host 1 (ha1), press Ctrl+C to break out of crm_mon.

4. Turn on heartbeat and DRBD using the chkconfig:
ssh ha2 /sbin/chkconfig drbd on ** /sbin/chkconfig drbd on** ** ssh ha2 /sbin/chkconfig heartbeat on** ** /sbin/chkconfig heartbeat on**

CPENameOperatorVersion
puredata system for analyticseqany

5.5 Medium

CVSS3

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

LOW

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

NONE

Integrity Impact

NONE

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H

4.9 Medium

CVSS2

Access Vector

LOCAL

Access Complexity

LOW

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

NONE

Integrity Impact

NONE

Availability Impact

COMPLETE

AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:N/I:N/A:C

0.0004 Low

EPSS

Percentile

14.2%