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githubGitHub Advisory DatabaseGHSA-MR45-RX8Q-WCM9
HistoryOct 31, 2023 - 9:19 p.m.

xkeys seal encryption used fixed key for all encryption

2023-10-3121:19:02
CWE-321
CWE-325
GitHub Advisory Database
github.com
11
nats.io
encryption
nkeys library
vulnerability
nats server
upgrade
security

CVSS3

7.5

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

NONE

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

NONE

Availability Impact

NONE

CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N

AI Score

6.7

Confidence

High

EPSS

0.001

Percentile

20.7%

Background

NATS.io is a high performance open source pub-sub distributed communication technology, built for the cloud, on-premise, IoT, and edge computing.

The cryptographic key handling library, nkeys, recently gained support for encryption, not just for signing/authentication. This is used in nats-server 2.10 (Sep 2023) and newer for authentication callouts.

Problem Description

The nkeys library’s “xkeys” encryption handling logic mistakenly passed an array by value into an internal function, where the function mutated that buffer to populate the encryption key to use. As a result, all encryption was actually to an all-zeros key.

This affects encryption only, not signing.
FIXME: FILL IN IMPACT ON NATS-SERVER AUTH CALLOUT SECURITY.

Affected versions

nkeys Go library:

  • 0.4.0 up to and including 0.4.5
  • Fixed with nats-io/nkeys: 0.4.6

NATS Server:

  • 2.10.0 up to and including 2.10.3
  • Fixed with nats-io/nats-server: 2.10.4

Solution

Upgrade the nats-server.
For any application handling auth callouts in Go, if using the nkeys library, update the dependency, recompile and deploy that in lockstep.

Credits

Problem reported by Quentin Matillat (GitHub @tinou98).

Affected configurations

Vulners
Node
github.com\/natsio\/jwt\/v2Range2.10.3
OR
github.com\/natsio\/nkeysRange0.4.5

CVSS3

7.5

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

NONE

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

NONE

Availability Impact

NONE

CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N

AI Score

6.7

Confidence

High

EPSS

0.001

Percentile

20.7%