libxml2 - xmlParserPrintFileContextInternal Heap-Based Buffer Overread

2016-02-24T00:00:00
ID EDB-ID:39493
Type exploitdb
Reporter Google Security Research
Modified 2016-02-24T00:00:00

Description

libxml2 - xmlParserPrintFileContextInternal Heap-Based Buffer Overread. Dos exploit for linux platform

                                        
                                            Source: https://code.google.com/p/google-security-research/issues/detail?id=639

The following crash due to a heap-based out-of-bounds memory read can be observed in an ASAN build of latest stable libxml2 (2.9.3, released 4 days ago), by feeding a malformed file to xmllint ("$ ./xmllint /path/to/file"):

--- cut ---
==4210==ERROR: AddressSanitizer: heap-buffer-overflow on address 0x6290000051ff at pc 0x000000533c8f bp 0x7ffdb38c4830 sp 0x7ffdb38c4828
READ of size 1 at 0x6290000051ff thread T0
    #0 0x533c8e in xmlParserPrintFileContextInternal libxml2-2.9.3/error.c:192:6
    #1 0x54088a in xmlReportError libxml2-2.9.3/error.c:406:9
    #2 0x53884f in __xmlRaiseError libxml2-2.9.3/error.c:633:2
    #3 0x56f0ec in xmlFatalErr libxml2-2.9.3/parser.c:540:5
    #4 0x569c98 in xmlGROW libxml2-2.9.3/parser.c:2077:9
    #5 0x62bcb3 in xmlParseEndTag2 libxml2-2.9.3/parser.c:9846:5
    #6 0x61d620 in xmlParseElement libxml2-2.9.3/parser.c:10238:2
    #7 0x63be9b in xmlParseDocument libxml2-2.9.3/parser.c:10912:2
    #8 0x672b74 in xmlDoRead libxml2-2.9.3/parser.c:15390:5
    #9 0x673041 in xmlReadFile libxml2-2.9.3/parser.c:15452:13
    #10 0x4f5b60 in parseAndPrintFile libxml2-2.9.3/xmllint.c:2401:9
    #11 0x4ebe8f in main libxml2-2.9.3/xmllint.c:3759:7

0x6290000051ff is located 1 bytes to the left of 16384-byte region [0x629000005200,0x629000009200)
allocated by thread T0 here:
    #0 0x4b8b68 in malloc llvm/projects/compiler-rt/lib/asan/asan_malloc_linux.cc:40
    #1 0x7f4df5219729  (/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libz.so.1+0xf729)

SUMMARY: AddressSanitizer: heap-buffer-overflow libxml2-2.9.3/error.c:192:6 in xmlParserPrintFileContextInternal
Shadow bytes around the buggy address:
  0x0c527fff89e0: fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa
  0x0c527fff89f0: fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa
  0x0c527fff8a00: fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa
  0x0c527fff8a10: fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa
  0x0c527fff8a20: fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa
=>0x0c527fff8a30: fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa[fa]
  0x0c527fff8a40: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
  0x0c527fff8a50: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
  0x0c527fff8a60: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
  0x0c527fff8a70: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
  0x0c527fff8a80: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
Shadow byte legend (one shadow byte represents 8 application bytes):
  Addressable:           00
  Partially addressable: 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 
  Heap left redzone:       fa
  Heap right redzone:      fb
  Freed heap region:       fd
  Stack left redzone:      f1
  Stack mid redzone:       f2
  Stack right redzone:     f3
  Stack partial redzone:   f4
  Stack after return:      f5
  Stack use after scope:   f8
  Global redzone:          f9
  Global init order:       f6
  Poisoned by user:        f7
  Container overflow:      fc
  Array cookie:            ac
  Intra object redzone:    bb
  ASan internal:           fe
  Left alloca redzone:     ca
  Right alloca redzone:    cb
==4210==ABORTING
--- cut ---

The crash was reported at https://bugzilla.gnome.org/show_bug.cgi?id=758588. Attached is an XML file which triggers the crash.


Proof of Concept:
https://github.com/offensive-security/exploit-database-bin-sploits/raw/master/sploits/39493.zip