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cve416baaa9-dc9f-4396-8d5f-8c081fb06d67CVE-2023-52446
HistoryFeb 22, 2024 - 5:15 p.m.

CVE-2023-52446

2024-02-2217:15:08
CWE-416
416baaa9-dc9f-4396-8d5f-8c081fb06d67
web.nvd.nist.gov
178
linux
kernel
vulnerability
bpf
race condition
kasan error
cve-2023-52446

7.8 High

CVSS3

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

LOW

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

7.1 High

AI Score

Confidence

High

0.0004 Low

EPSS

Percentile

5.1%

In the Linux kernel, the following vulnerability has been resolved:

bpf: Fix a race condition between btf_put() and map_free()

When running ./test_progs -j in my local vm with latest kernel,
I once hit a kasan error like below:

[ 1887.184724] BUG: KASAN: slab-use-after-free in bpf_rb_root_free+0x1f8/0x2b0
[ 1887.185599] Read of size 4 at addr ffff888106806910 by task kworker/u12:2/2830
[ 1887.186498]
[ 1887.186712] CPU: 3 PID: 2830 Comm: kworker/u12:2 Tainted: G OEL 6.7.0-rc3-00699-g90679706d486-dirty #494
[ 1887.188034] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS rel-1.14.0-0-g155821a1990b-prebuilt.qemu.org 04/01/2014
[ 1887.189618] Workqueue: events_unbound bpf_map_free_deferred
[ 1887.190341] Call Trace:
[ 1887.190666] <TASK>
[ 1887.190949] dump_stack_lvl+0xac/0xe0
[ 1887.191423] ? nf_tcp_handle_invalid+0x1b0/0x1b0
[ 1887.192019] ? panic+0x3c0/0x3c0
[ 1887.192449] print_report+0x14f/0x720
[ 1887.192930] ? preempt_count_sub+0x1c/0xd0
[ 1887.193459] ? __virt_addr_valid+0xac/0x120
[ 1887.194004] ? bpf_rb_root_free+0x1f8/0x2b0
[ 1887.194572] kasan_report+0xc3/0x100
[ 1887.195085] ? bpf_rb_root_free+0x1f8/0x2b0
[ 1887.195668] bpf_rb_root_free+0x1f8/0x2b0
[ 1887.196183] ? __bpf_obj_drop_impl+0xb0/0xb0
[ 1887.196736] ? preempt_count_sub+0x1c/0xd0
[ 1887.197270] ? preempt_count_sub+0x1c/0xd0
[ 1887.197802] ? _raw_spin_unlock+0x1f/0x40
[ 1887.198319] bpf_obj_free_fields+0x1d4/0x260
[ 1887.198883] array_map_free+0x1a3/0x260
[ 1887.199380] bpf_map_free_deferred+0x7b/0xe0
[ 1887.199943] process_scheduled_works+0x3a2/0x6c0
[ 1887.200549] worker_thread+0x633/0x890
[ 1887.201047] ? __kthread_parkme+0xd7/0xf0
[ 1887.201574] ? kthread+0x102/0x1d0
[ 1887.202020] kthread+0x1ab/0x1d0
[ 1887.202447] ? pr_cont_work+0x270/0x270
[ 1887.202954] ? kthread_blkcg+0x50/0x50
[ 1887.203444] ret_from_fork+0x34/0x50
[ 1887.203914] ? kthread_blkcg+0x50/0x50
[ 1887.204397] ret_from_fork_asm+0x11/0x20
[ 1887.204913] </TASK>
[ 1887.204913] </TASK>
[ 1887.205209]
[ 1887.205416] Allocated by task 2197:
[ 1887.205881] kasan_set_track+0x3f/0x60
[ 1887.206366] __kasan_kmalloc+0x6e/0x80
[ 1887.206856] __kmalloc+0xac/0x1a0
[ 1887.207293] btf_parse_fields+0xa15/0x1480
[ 1887.207836] btf_parse_struct_metas+0x566/0x670
[ 1887.208387] btf_new_fd+0x294/0x4d0
[ 1887.208851] __sys_bpf+0x4ba/0x600
[ 1887.209292] __x64_sys_bpf+0x41/0x50
[ 1887.209762] do_syscall_64+0x4c/0xf0
[ 1887.210222] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x63/0x6b
[ 1887.210868]
[ 1887.211074] Freed by task 36:
[ 1887.211460] kasan_set_track+0x3f/0x60
[ 1887.211951] kasan_save_free_info+0x28/0x40
[ 1887.212485] ____kasan_slab_free+0x101/0x180
[ 1887.213027] __kmem_cache_free+0xe4/0x210
[ 1887.213514] btf_free+0x5b/0x130
[ 1887.213918] rcu_core+0x638/0xcc0
[ 1887.214347] __do_softirq+0x114/0x37e

The error happens at bpf_rb_root_free+0x1f8/0x2b0:

00000000000034c0 <bpf_rb_root_free>:
; {
34c0: f3 0f 1e fa endbr64
34c4: e8 00 00 00 00 callq 0x34c9 <bpf_rb_root_free+0x9>
34c9: 55 pushq %rbp
34ca: 48 89 e5 movq %rsp, %rbp

; if (rec && rec->refcount_off >= 0 &&
36aa: 4d 85 ed testq %r13, %r13
36ad: 74 a9 je 0x3658 <bpf_rb_root_free+0x198>
36af: 49 8d 7d 10 leaq 0x10(%r13), %rdi
36b3: e8 00 00 00 00 callq 0x36b8 <bpf_rb_root_free+0x1f8>
<==== kasan function
36b8: 45 8b 7d 10 movl 0x10(%r13), %r15d
<==== use-after-free load
36bc: 45 85 ff testl %r15d, %r15d
36bf: 78 8c js 0x364d <bpf_rb_root_free+0x18d>

So the problem
—truncated—

Affected configurations

Vulners
NVD
Node
linuxlinux_kernelRange6.26.6.14
OR
linuxlinux_kernelRange6.7.06.7.2
OR
linuxlinux_kernelRange6.8.0
VendorProductVersionCPE
linuxlinux_kernel*cpe:2.3:o:linux:linux_kernel:*:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
linuxlinux_kernel*cpe:2.3:o:linux:linux_kernel:*:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
linuxlinux_kernel*cpe:2.3:o:linux:linux_kernel:*:*:*:*:*:*:*:*

CNA Affected

[
  {
    "product": "Linux",
    "vendor": "Linux",
    "defaultStatus": "unaffected",
    "repo": "https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux.git",
    "programFiles": [
      "kernel/bpf/syscall.c"
    ],
    "versions": [
      {
        "version": "958cf2e273f0",
        "lessThan": "d048dced8ea5",
        "status": "affected",
        "versionType": "git"
      },
      {
        "version": "958cf2e273f0",
        "lessThan": "f9ff6ef1c73c",
        "status": "affected",
        "versionType": "git"
      },
      {
        "version": "958cf2e273f0",
        "lessThan": "59e5791f59dd",
        "status": "affected",
        "versionType": "git"
      }
    ]
  },
  {
    "product": "Linux",
    "vendor": "Linux",
    "defaultStatus": "affected",
    "repo": "https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux.git",
    "programFiles": [
      "kernel/bpf/syscall.c"
    ],
    "versions": [
      {
        "version": "6.2",
        "status": "affected"
      },
      {
        "version": "0",
        "lessThan": "6.2",
        "status": "unaffected",
        "versionType": "custom"
      },
      {
        "version": "6.6.14",
        "lessThanOrEqual": "6.6.*",
        "status": "unaffected",
        "versionType": "custom"
      },
      {
        "version": "6.7.2",
        "lessThanOrEqual": "6.7.*",
        "status": "unaffected",
        "versionType": "custom"
      },
      {
        "version": "6.8",
        "lessThanOrEqual": "*",
        "status": "unaffected",
        "versionType": "original_commit_for_fix"
      }
    ]
  }
]

7.8 High

CVSS3

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

LOW

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

7.1 High

AI Score

Confidence

High

0.0004 Low

EPSS

Percentile

5.1%