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Cve@mitre.orgCVE-2019-18424
HistoryOct 31, 2019 - 2:15 p.m.

CVE-2019-18424

2019-10-3114:15:00
CWE-78
cve@mitre.org
web.nvd.nist.gov
120
xen
cve-2019-18424
security
dma
privilege escalation
pci pass-through

6.8 Medium

CVSS3

Attack Vector

PHYSICAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

NONE

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:P/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

8 High

AI Score

Confidence

High

6.9 Medium

CVSS2

Access Vector

LOCAL

Access Complexity

MEDIUM

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

COMPLETE

Integrity Impact

COMPLETE

Availability Impact

COMPLETE

AV:L/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

0.002 Low

EPSS

Percentile

58.5%

An issue was discovered in Xen through 4.12.x allowing attackers to gain host OS privileges via DMA in a situation where an untrusted domain has access to a physical device. This occurs because passed through PCI devices may corrupt host memory after deassignment. When a PCI device is assigned to an untrusted domain, it is possible for that domain to program the device to DMA to an arbitrary address. The IOMMU is used to protect the host from malicious DMA by making sure that the device addresses can only target memory assigned to the guest. However, when the guest domain is torn down, or the device is deassigned, the device is assigned back to dom0, thus allowing any in-flight DMA to potentially target critical host data. An untrusted domain with access to a physical device can DMA into host memory, leading to privilege escalation. Only systems where guests are given direct access to physical devices capable of DMA (PCI pass-through) are vulnerable. Systems which do not use PCI pass-through are not vulnerable.

How to protect your server from attacks?

6.8 Medium

CVSS3

Attack Vector

PHYSICAL

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

NONE

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:P/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

8 High

AI Score

Confidence

High

6.9 Medium

CVSS2

Access Vector

LOCAL

Access Complexity

MEDIUM

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

COMPLETE

Integrity Impact

COMPLETE

Availability Impact

COMPLETE

AV:L/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

0.002 Low

EPSS

Percentile

58.5%

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