Cisco IOS fails to properly handle malformed OSPF packets

2004-08-19T00:00:00
ID VU:989406
Type cert
Reporter CERT
Modified 2004-08-19T00:00:00

Description

Overview

A denial-of-service vulnerability exists in Cisco's Internetwork Operating System (IOS). This vulnerability may allow remote attackers to conduct denial-of-service attacks on an affected device.

Description

Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) is a routing protocol that provides a means for distributing routing information between routers. The Cisco Internetwork Operating System (IOS) implementation of OSPF contains a vulnerability that allows malformed OSPF packets to cause an affected router to reload. Such packets can be sent by an unauthenticated remote attacker and will result in a denial-of-service condition.


Impact

By sending a specially crafted OSPF packet to an affected device, a remote, unauthenticated attacker could cause the device to reload. Repeated exploitation of this vulnerability could result in a denial-of-service condition. In order to exploit this vulnerability, an attacker would need to know several parameters. These parameters include the OSPF area number, netmask, hello, and dead timers, which are configured on the affected device.


Solution

Apply a patch

Please refer to the "Software Versions and Fixes" section of the Cisco Advisory for more information on upgrading.


Use OSPF authentication

Cisco recommends using OSPF authentication to mitigate against this vulnerability. Quoting from Cisco's Advisory,

OSPF authentication may be used as a workaround. OSPF packets without a valid key will not be processed. MD5 authentication is highly recommended, due to inherent weaknesses in plain text authentication. With plain text authentication, the authentication key will be sent unencrypted over the network, which can allow an attacker on a local network segment to capture the key by sniffing packets. For more information on OSPF authentication, please see <http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/104/25.shtml>.

Restrict access

Use Access Control Lists (ACLs) to block or restrict access to affected devices from untrusted networks. For information on implementing ACLs, please see Cisco's white paper "Protecting Your Core: Infrastructure Protection Access Control Lists".


Systems Affected

Vendor| Status| Date Notified| Date Updated
---|---|---|---
Cisco Systems Inc.| | -| 19 Aug 2004
If you are a vendor and your product is affected, let us know.

CVSS Metrics

Group | Score | Vector
---|---|---
Base | N/A | N/A
Temporal | N/A | N/A
Environmental | N/A | N/A

References

  • <http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20040818-ospf.shtml>
  • <http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/104/25.shtml>
  • <http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/iacl.html>
  • <http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/732/ciscoios.html>
  • <http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2328.txt?number=2328>
  • <http://www.securitytracker.com/alerts/2004/Aug/1010981.html>
  • <http://secunia.com/advisories/12322/>
  • <http://www.securiteam.com/securitynews/5AP0B2KDPI.html>

Credit

This vulnerability was reported by the Cisco Systems Product Security Incident Response Team (PSIRT).

This document was written by Damon Morda.

Other Information

  • CVE IDs: Unknown
  • Date Public: 18 Aug 2004
  • Date First Published: 19 Aug 2004
  • Date Last Updated: 19 Aug 2004
  • Severity Metric: 12.50
  • Document Revision: 23